Geo-Information in disaster situations
The increasing number and intensity of natural disasters in the past few years have had severe consequences in terms of human lives that were impacted, but also in terms of structural damage and economic losses. In years to come, extreme events will no longer be exceptions; therefore, it is essential for sovereign territories in the Caribbean region to strengthen both their preparedness and response capacities to efficiently cope with future disaster events.
Geospatial information technology including satellite imagery analysis and data visualization play a vital role in understanding the geographic extent and severity of catastrophic events. Nevertheless, the ability of national and regional authorities as well as disaster management experts to seamlessly collect, integrate, analyze and distribute geospatial information in a comprehensible format to support evidence-based decision making remains a challenge that needs to be addressed with ad-hoc training and capacity development programmes.
To meet these challenges, UNOSAT is offering an introductory course in the use of Geo-Spatial Information Technology applications to support operational planning and decision making during emergency response. The course is designed to accommodate selected participants from NGOs, universities and national/regional authorities with little or no previous GIS experience.
At the end of the course participants should be able to:
· Define and describe basic concepts and terminology related to Geospatial Information Technology (GIT);
· Apply basic methods and functionalities of GIS software (ArcGIS) to manage and analyse spatial data;
· Explain the role of geo-information in the response phase of a disaster;
· Undertake the process of map-making in support of emergency response operations;
· Identify, search, collect, organize and analyse geospatial related information;
· Apply basic GIS methodologies to perform impact analysis and preliminary damage assessment in the immediate aftermath of a disaster.