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Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia

The root causes of refugee flows continue to persist around the Bay of Bengal. Late August 2017 saw mass displacement after attacks on border guard posts in Myanmar's northern Rakhine State triggered a military response. More than 706,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, putting a strain on aid resources. This is the largest mass refugee movement in the region in decades. The speed and scale of the influx has resulted in a critical humanitarian emergency. Most are now reliant on humanitarian assistance for food and other life-saving needs. Basic services that were available before the influx are under severe strain due to the massive increase in people in the area. (ISCG, 2 Aug 2018)

This followed a smaller refugee influx in October 2016, when attacks on border guard posts — and the security operations that followed — led to an estimated 87,000 Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh from Rakhine between 9 October 2016 and the end of July 2017. (IOM, 30 Jul 2017)

As of 30 July 2018, the total Rohingya refugee population in Cox's Bazar was estimated to be at least 918,000 people, including people who had left Myanmar after earlier waves of violence. (ISCG, 2 Aug 2018)

UN agencies and their partners have launched a Joint Response Plan for USD$951 million to meet the needs of 1.3M people during March to December 2018. (IOM, UNHCR, UN RC Bangladesh & ISCG, 16 Mar 2018)

Within Rakhine state, some 120,607 people were already internally displaced due to previous outbreaks of violence in 2012. (Shelter Cluster, 31 Jul 2017)

In May 2015, more than 5,000 refugees and migrants from Bangladesh and Myanmar were abandoned by smugglers on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, triggering a regional crisis. Since then, regional maritime movements have declined due to intensified interdiction efforts, greater awareness of the risks, and the lack of legal status in destination countries. (UNHCR, 30 June 2016)

Approximately 12 of every 1,000 people who embark on mixed maritime movements from the Bay of Bengal do not survive the boat journey. This means as many as 2,000 Bangladeshis and Rohingya may have died before ever reaching land between 2012 and 2015 — adding up to a fatality rate higher than in the Mediterranean Sea. (UNHCR, 23 Feb 2016)

All Updates on Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia

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15 Aug 2018 description
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engl - English version
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Bangla version

A Day of Sacrifices and Remembrance

Later in August, Muslims around the world will celebrate Eid al-Adha, one of the main Islamic holidays. It is an important time for the Rohingya people, who refer to it as Dõr Eid (big Eid). Unfortunately, marking it in the camps will bring challenges.

15 Aug 2018 description

Operational Updates

  • L3 Emergency Response: WFP continues with its Level 3 emergency response in Cox’s Bazar.
    According to the Inter Sector Coordination Group report of 21 June 2018, the total number of refugees stands at around 919,000, including 15,000 refugees in host communities.

  • Food and Nutrition Assistance in Cox’s Bazar: WFP continues to provide food assistance to Rohingya refugees through general food distributions, reaching 145,150 families, and e-vouchers, reaching 212,000 refugees as of 17 July 2018.

15 Aug 2018 description
report UN Security Council

Annex to the letter dated 10 August 2018 from the Permanent Representative of Myanmar to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar Ministry of the Office of the State Counsellor

PRESS RELEASE

(Dated: 10 August 2018)

15 Aug 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch

By Bill Frelick, Director, Refugee Rights Program

While changing a few words on a refugee’s ID card may seem inconsequential, for the 700,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh who fled ethnic cleansing in Myanmar a year ago, it is essential.

In negotiating with Myanmar for the repatriation of the Rohingya, Bangladesh recently agreed to change the wording on their ID cards from “Myanmar nationals” to “displaced persons from Rakhine State.”

14 Aug 2018 description

Fast facts: Who are the Rohingyas?

  • The Rohingya are an ethnic group from Myanmar, majority of them Muslim. They have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982 and fleeing escalating violence perpetrated by the army.

  • Since August 2017, 707,000 new Rohingya refugees have come to Bangladesh.

  • Bangladesh has hosted Rohingya refugees for three decades, there are a total 918,936 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar (as of 21 June, 2018).

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 24 (Leda) in Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018.
Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 20 in Ukhia, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018.
Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 25 (Ali Khali) in Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018. Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 21 (Chakmarkul) in Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018. Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 27 (Jadimura) in Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018. Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.

14 Aug 2018 description

Summary

This profile provides an overview of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure within Camp 22 (Unchiprang) in Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. Primary data for this round was collected from 29th May to 1st July 2018. Findings should be considered indicative only. Full camp dataset is available on HDX.