Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia
The root causes of refugee flows continue to persist around the Bay of Bengal. Late August 2017 saw mass displacement after attacks on border guard posts in Myanmar's northern Rakhine State triggered a military response. More than 702,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, putting a strain on aid resources. This is the largest mass refugee movement in the region in decades. The speed and scale of the influx has resulted in a critical humanitarian emergency. Most are now reliant on humanitarian assistance for food and other life-saving needs. Basic services that were available before the influx are under severe strain due to the massive increase in people in the area. (ISCG, 7 Jun 2018)
This followed a smaller refugee influx in October 2016, when attacks on border guard posts — and the security operations that followed — led to an estimated 87,000 Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh from Rakhine between 9 October 2016 and the end of July 2017. (IOM, 30 Jul 2017)
As of 7 Jun 2018, the total Rohingya refugee population in Cox's Bazar was estimated to be at least 914,000 people, including people who had left Myanmar after earlier waves of violence. (ISCG, 7 Jun 2018)
UN agencies and their partners have launched a Joint Response Plan for USD$951 million to meet the needs of 1.3M people during March to December 2018. (IOM, UNHCR, UN RC Bangladesh & ISCG, 16 Mar 2018)
Within Rakhine state, some 120,607 people were already internally displaced due to previous outbreaks of violence in 2012. (Shelter Cluster, 31 Jul 2017)
In May 2015, more than 5,000 refugees and migrants from Bangladesh and Myanmar were abandoned by smugglers on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, triggering a regional crisis. Since then, regional maritime movements have declined due to intensified interdiction efforts, greater awareness of the risks, and the lack of legal status in destination countries. (UNHCR, 30 June 2016)
Approximately 12 of every 1,000 people who embark on mixed maritime movements from the Bay of Bengal do not survive the boat journey. This means as many as 2,000 Bangladeshis and Rohingya may have died before ever reaching land between 2012 and 2015 — adding up to a fatality rate higher than in the Mediterranean Sea. (UNHCR, 23 Feb 2016)
All Updates on Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia
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"Refugees are vulnerable even before they set off from their home countries, as they are desperate, and often depend on an agent who may dupe them"
By Rina Chandran
BANGKOK, June 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A lack of legal protections is putting refugee children in Bangkok and Jakarta at heightened risk of trafficking and forced labour, campaigners said.
Cumulatively 28 415 people have been affected by the Monsoon rains since 11 May 2018. Of these, 17 977 between 9-13 June 2018.
Following the recent heavy rains, the Health Sector stakeholders have been alerted to increased risks of water and vector-borne disease outbreaks.
As the Government of Myanmar works towards achieving stability, durable peace and development across the country including Rakhine State, the Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State was established with an aim to help create a peaceful, fair and prosperous future for the people living in the State. This report provides an update to the people of Myanmar regarding the progress of the implementation by the Committee, for the period of January to April 2018.
Economic and Social Development
• On 9 June, monsoon rains commenced, with heavy downpours and high winds that continued through 13 June, amounting to a total of 552 mm of rain; representing 66 per cent of the overall June average rainfall. During this period 17,977 refugees were affected, including 13 refugees injured and one child fatality in Kutupalong.
Cox's Bazar – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, has launched a series of new comic books, which tell the true-life stories of Rohingya refugees who have fallen victim to human trafficking, to raise awareness among those vulnerable to the crime in South Bangladesh.
PRE-TRIAL CHAMBER I (the “Chamber”) of the International Criminal Court (the “Court”) issues this decision inviting the competent authorities of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (“Myanmar”) to submit observations pursuant to rule 103(1) of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence (the “Rules”) on the “Prosecution’s Request for a Ruling on Jurisdiction under Article 19(3) of the Statute” (the “Request” or the “Prosecutor’s Request”).
Several humanitarian actors raised high concerns on the stringent Government regulations in using digital payment for provision of assistance to the Rohingya refugees. Evidence built and discussions with Rohingya shows the need for cash in prioritising of needs, and the absence thereof, has led to protection concerns including; sale of food assistance, reduction in number of meals and exploitation in labour markets through low wage rates amongst others. Conversely, the need of cash to address preparedness activities in preparation for the monsoon resonates with a majority of the refugees.
The monsoons began during reporting period with heavy downpours and an accumulated rainfall of over 600mm between 9 and 13 June. Basic response was provided across Sectors, despite serious constraints with access. Damage was reported to the following facilities: 150 learning centres, several latrines and water points, and three nutrition facilities. Since 11th May 2018, 1,048 shelters were fully damaged as well. During the rains from 10-16 June, 12 health facilities were temporarily disrupted for up to 3 days.
170 (63%) health facilities are currently registered as active EWARS reporting sites and no new facilities registered this week.
In week 24, 56 weekly reports (33%) were received by Tuesday 19 June 2018, resulting in a cumulative completeness of 69% in 2018. This sudden drop of reporting rate is mostly due to the heavy rain and the public holidays that took place this week.
4 alerts were triggered this week. All alerts went through initial verification within 72 hours of being triggered by WHO EWARS team.
WHO EWARS team
Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, 21 June 2018: To strengthen health services for Rohingya refugees and their host communities in Cox’s Bazar, additional health workforce has been added to the district hospital here, the only facility providing referral services to nearly 1.3 million vulnerable population at increased risk of diseases in the ongoing rainy season.
United Nations Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar Christine Schraner Burgener conducted her first official visit to Myanmar from 12 to 21 June.
I. THE MIRPS
706,364 New Rohingya arrivals since 25 August 2017 in Cox’s Bazar*
919,000 Total Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar*
1.3 Million People in Need in Cox’s Bazar
* Needs and Population Monitoring Baseline Round 11
Heavy rainfall recorded in northeastern Bangladesh since 12 June exacerbated by a sudden increase of river water levels due to upstream flooding in India resulted in severe flooding in Moulvibazar and Sylhet districts. Flooding affected the majority of upazilas in both districts, leading to severe infrastructure damage and acute needs.
Over 2,000,000 people live in the most affected upazilas. At least 250,000 of them have been affected, and over 12,000 reside in temporary shelters in Moulvibazar. An estimated 570,000 people have also been affected in Sylhet.
This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is not seeking funding or other assistance from donors for this operation. The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) will, however, accept direct assistance to provide support to the affected population.