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Refugees/Migrants - South-East Asia

The root causes of refugee flows continue to persist around the Bay of Bengal. Late August 2017 saw mass displacement after attacks on border guard posts in Myanmar's northern Rakhine State triggered a military response. More than 702,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, putting a strain on aid resources. This is the largest mass refugee movement in the region in decades. The speed and scale of the influx has resulted in a critical humanitarian emergency. Most are now reliant on humanitarian assistance for food and other life-saving needs. Basic services that were available before the influx are under severe strain due to the massive increase in people in the area. (ISCG, 7 Jun 2018)

This followed a smaller refugee influx in October 2016, when attacks on border guard posts — and the security operations that followed — led to an estimated 87,000 Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh from Rakhine between 9 October 2016 and the end of July 2017. (IOM, 30 Jul 2017)

As of 7 Jun 2018, the total Rohingya refugee population in Cox's Bazar was estimated to be at least 914,000 people, including people who had left Myanmar after earlier waves of violence. (ISCG, 7 Jun 2018)

UN agencies and their partners have launched a Joint Response Plan for USD$951 million to meet the needs of 1.3M people during March to December 2018. (IOM, UNHCR, UN RC Bangladesh & ISCG, 16 Mar 2018)

Within Rakhine state, some 120,607 people were already internally displaced due to previous outbreaks of violence in 2012. (Shelter Cluster, 31 Jul 2017)

In May 2015, more than 5,000 refugees and migrants from Bangladesh and Myanmar were abandoned by smugglers on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, triggering a regional crisis. Since then, regional maritime movements have declined due to intensified interdiction efforts, greater awareness of the risks, and the lack of legal status in destination countries. (UNHCR, 30 June 2016)

Approximately 12 of every 1,000 people who embark on mixed maritime movements from the Bay of Bengal do not survive the boat journey. This means as many as 2,000 Bangladeshis and Rohingya may have died before ever reaching land between 2012 and 2015 — adding up to a fatality rate higher than in the Mediterranean Sea. (UNHCR, 23 Feb 2016)

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18 Jun 2018 description

This statement is attributable to Pramila Patten, United Nations Under-Secretary General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, and Natalia Kanem, United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund New York, 18 June 2018

Based on observations from our recent visits to the refugee camps in the Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh, we call on the international community to urgently step up its efforts to help all Rohingya refugees in confronting their ordeal.

18 Jun 2018 description

The following document includes 12 thematic maps with information on the following topics:

– Population density
– Cooking fuel source
– Education barriers for girls
– Access to health facilities
– Income source
– Most severe needs
– NFI distribution
– Primary safety concern
– Shelter types
– Community areas cleanliness
– Source of drinking water
– Access to drinking water​

18 Jun 2018 description
report Caritas

Caritas has launched a Global Week of Action for migrants and refugees as Pope Francis appeals for those forced from their homes.

Caritas organisations around the world have kicked off a week of special events and shared meals to promote the strengthening of relationships between migrants & refugees and communities as part of the two-year Share the Journey campaign. (See map for some of the places organising meals and activities).

18 Jun 2018 description

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

• 24 735 people have been affected by the Monsoon rains as .

• Several infrastructures in the camps have been damaged including 18 water points, 252 latrines and one health facility.

• The health sector Monsoon and cyclone contingency and response plan is activated.

SITUATION OVERVIEW

• According to the Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) exercise, there are an estimated 915 000 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar as of 25 May 2018. Of these, 702 000 are new arrivals since 25 August 2017.

18 Jun 2018 description

Introduction

Over the past 25 years, people have been supported while seeking asylum through a basic living allowance and limited casework. These support programs were designed so that people can more effectively resolve their claims for protection. In the past few years, and especially since August 2017, the Australian Government has been making it harder for people to access these support programs.

18 Jun 2018 description

The reported suicide of a Iranian asylum seeker on Nauru has led to some services been withdrawn from refugees there, according to a leading advocate.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

18 Jun 2018 description

Twenty one more refugees have left Nauru for the United States.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

18 Jun 2018 description

Refugee advocate Ian Rintoul says Nauru is still mourning the death of Farhad, a 26 year old Iranian asylum seeker, who was found dead on Friday morning in his family's tent.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International.

18 Jun 2018 description

For years, Australia has been punishing people who need our protection. We have been turning back the boats which were carrying them to safety, and shipping and warehousing them in Nauru and Papua New Guinea. If they make it to mainland Australia, we have been detaining them indefinitely and, once they are released, leaving them to struggle in the community without support.

17 Jun 2018 description
report BBC Media Action

The resources on this page are intended to help explain the cyclone early warning signals that are being used in the camps; and give Rohingya people advice about how to prepare, at each warning level. The resources are based on common messages developed by the Cox's Bazar Emergency Communication Group in collaboration with the Cyclone Preparedness Programme. All flashcards come with guidance text (in Bangla) to help fieldworkers use the tool.

17 Jun 2018 description

This is not a list of messages to be read aloud to the community. Instead, field workers are encouraged to use this information to inform discussions with community members. These discussions should be as participatory as possible and allow time for questions and discussions of answers.

We encourage all field workers to:

  • Listen to the concerns and worries about cyclone early warning coming from communities. Cyclones can be a frightening concept and individuals may have different needs.

16 Jun 2018 description

OVERVIEW

The Rubber Plantation Transit Centre (TC) in Kutupalong was established to temporarily receive newly arrived refugees in urgent need of life-saving assistance pending their relocation to the Kutupalong settlement. The site was designed in a way to limit the impact on the environment, with the minimum number of trees being cut within the rubber plantation. The trees provide some shaded areas to protect refugees from the sun, and for some space between the tents and shelters.

16 Jun 2018 description

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

UNHCR and its three WASH partners - Oxfam, NGO Forum, and BRAC (Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) - have been quickly scaling up their work to address both the immediate needs of refugees, as well as working to put infrastructure in place that is more durable and will not require as much re-investment over time. Through its engagement with other WASH actors, UNHCR has pushed for improved designs as well as more ambitious and forward-looking standards for WASH partners.

16 Jun 2018 description

OVERVIEW

As part of its shelter strategy, UNHCR supports refugee families build safer homes before the start of the monsoon season in Bangladesh.

Since 25 August 2017, over 713,000 refugees have fled Myanmar and settled in hilly terrains in the southernmost part of Bangladesh. UNHCR is working with the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) and partners to ensure that they receive the protection and assistance which they need.

16 Jun 2018 description

OVERVIEW

UNHCR, together with UNICEF, WFP, Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and partners Action Against hunger (ACF) and Save the Children (SCI) conducted a joint nutrition survey in Kutupalong, Nayapara and the makeshift settlements in October/November 2017.

The overall nutrition situation is critical and above the Emergency threshold, the prevalence of global acute malnutrition among children 6-59 months is 18.2% with severe acute malnutrition of 4.0% (both above the emergency thresholds of <15% and <2%).

16 Jun 2018 description

OVERVIEW

Since 25 August 2017, over 711,000* refugees fled Myanmar into Bangladesh. Over the past eight months, UNHCR and partners have been scaling up their response and preparedness eorts in the area of health, including strengthening support to medical and healthcare facilities in refugee-hosting areas with equipment and other immediate needs such as ambulances, hospital tents, medicines, medical supplies, resources, and training. In addition, UNHCR and partners have expanded their response to host communities through supporting government hospitals.