Refugees/Migrants Emergency - Europe
IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 8,407 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through seven weeks of 2018. This compares with 12,430 arrivals across the region through the same period last year. (Source: IOM, 16 Feb 2018) Since the start of December, the Western Mediterranean has been the deadliest of all Mediterranean routes, with over 100 deaths at sea over the past 10 weeks. Total deaths in the Mediterranean in 2018 now stand at 390 through 7 February, compared with 258 same time last year. (Source: IOM, 09 Feb 2018) 171,635 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea during 2017, with just under 70 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with 363,504 arrivals across the region through the same period last year. (Source: IOM, 05 Jan 2018)
All Updates on Refugees/Migrants Emergency - Europe
Original publication Date
So far in 2018, a total of 1,633 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece by sea. The majority are from Syria (30%), Iraq (29%) and Afghanistan (13%). More than half of the population are women (22%) and children (37%), while 41% are men.
In January, 39,233 eligible refugees and asylum-seekers (17,903 households) received cash assistance in Greece, in 94 locations.
IOM works with national, local and local partners to better understand and observe migration movements across West and Central Africa. Population flow monitoring (PMF) is an activity that quantifies and qualifies migration flows, migrant profiles, trends and migration routes at a given point of entry, transit or exit. Monthly reports are produced with statistical information collected through this exercise. This report provides an overview of the two years of data collection (since February 2016).
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa.
Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centers).
SUMMARY OF INFORMATION COLLECTED
15 January 2018: Update: An Australian humanitarian doctor kidnapped on 15 January 2016 continues to be held hostage by an al-Qaeda-linked group. Source: aOuaga
Central African Republic
This month 600 people arrived by land and 1,600 by sea.
Reduced sea arrivals combined with the ongoing transfers of the Government and UNHCR to the mainland helped reduce the number of refugees and migrants on the islands to 11,270 people thus allowing conditions in the overcrowded reception centres to slightly improve. However, more needs to be done as protection risks remain high particularly for women and children. In the mainland and Crete, UNHCR provides 22,000 places in rented housing through municipalities and NGOs.
Reception conditions slightly improved as, since December, the population on the islands decreased by 12 per cent, sea arrivals dropped by 30 per cent and transfers continued.
The Government, with the support of UNHCR, transferred to accommodation facilities on the mainland over 2,100 vulnerable asylum-seekers, and 237 unaccompanied children.
Women and children continued to be at heightened risk of sexual and gender-based violence, while security remained inadequate at the reception centres.
ROME, Italy – Asmorom was just 18 when he fled Eritrea in 2007. It would take three years and many violent beatings by people smugglers for him to find a safe place to call home in Israel – only for his world to come crashing down once more.
Granted a temporary visa in Israel for four months, Asmorom was forced to continuously renew it. He also struggled to fit in. Without the right to work, he was vulnerable and exploited, ekeing out a living with odd jobs for meagre pay.
as of 15 February 2018 UAC Shelters (transit and longterm)
Current: 48 UAC shelters with total 1,115 places. (increased from 423 places in March 2016)
Planned: new shelter with total 15 new places
Safe Zones* (short-term) - Current: 10 Safe Zones for UAC with total 300 places.
- Current: 4 Hotels for UAC with total 240 places.
Monday, 19 February 2018 17:55 GMT
Libya's western coastline is the main departure point for migrants attempting to reach Europe by sea to seek better lives
TRIPOLI, Feb 19 (Reuters) - The Libyan coastguard said 324 migrants were picked up on Monday trying to leave the North African country on board two rubber boats.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Published on a bi-weekly basis, the Displacement Event Tracker reports on incidents related to IDPs, returnees and migrants, especially in regards to large population movement updates.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 8,807 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through seven weeks of 2018. This compares with 13,156 arrivals across the region through the same period last year.
On Monday (19 February) IOM Rome reported official figures from Italy’s Ministry of Interior (MOI) show 4,864 irregular migrants have arrived by sea this year: 51.64 per cent lower than the total last year in the same period, when MOI figures show 10,057 arrived. (See chart below)
Hungarian authorities admitted 23 asylum-seekers from Serbia into asylum procedures at its socalled “transit zones”, compared to 39 in the preceding two weeks.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Between 1 and 31 January 2018, over 8,000 people arrived via the Mediterranean to Europe, an 11% increase compared to the same month in 2017 during which over 7,200 arrived. Arrivals duing January comprised of 19% children, 13% women and 68% men.
Depuis novembre, le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, a évacué plus de 1000 réfugiés très vulnérables depuis la Libye et recherche des solutions durables pour eux dans des pays tiers. Mardi, un vol a décollé de Tripoli à destination de Niamey, au Niger, avec 128 réfugiés à son bord. Mercredi, un deuxième avion transportant 150 réfugiés a quitté Tripoli pour Rome, en Italie. Cela porte à 1084 le nombre total de réfugiés évacués depuis le début des opérations du HCR il y a trois mois.
Although European and African efforts to reduce irregular migration have successfully lowered overall numbers entering Europe, some migrants are transiting increasingly hazardous smuggling routes across the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Sea, risking human rights abuses and indefinite detention. The UN’s voluntary humanitarian return program assisted over 19,000 migrants to return to their home countries from Libya in 2017, up from around 3,000 assisted migrant returns from Libya in 2016. An estimated 400,000–700,000 migrants live in detention in Libya.
180,937 Libyans currently internally displaced (IDPs)
334,662 returned IDPs (returns registered in 2016 – 2017)
46,730 registered refugees and asylum seekers in the State of Libya
4,740 persons arrived in Italy by sea in 2018
150 monitoring visits to detention centres so far in 2018 (1,080 in 2017).
Between 1 January and 31 December 2017, 178,500 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea from North Africa and Turkey. Most crossed the Central Mediterranean from Libya to Italy. Arrivals in 2017 most commonly originated from Nigeria, the Syrian Arab Republic, Guinea (Conakry) and Côte d’Ivoire.
In 2017, 69% of arrivals were men, 18% children, and 13% women.
Geneva/Munich (ICRC) – As Libya enters its eighth year of conflict, the humanitarian situation of the population is relentlessly deteriorating amid persistent armed conflict, violence and insecurity, the President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said today after a three-day visit to the country.
The ICRC has recently scaled up its operations in Libya, which has been engulfed in economic chaos, general lawlessness and armed groups vying for power since the revolution in 2011.