Refugees/Migrants Emergency - Europe
IOM, the International Organization for Migration, reports that 111,237 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 12 December. This year is the fifth straight during which the arrival of irregular migrants and refugees has topped the 100,000 threshold – although 2018’s total is low compared to those recorded at this time in 2017 (166,737) and 2016 (358,018). (Source: IOM, 14 Dec 2018)
All Updates on Refugees/Migrants Emergency - Europe
Original publication Date
15 December 2018: On the road between Ouagadougou and BoboDioulasso, a Canadian aid worker traveling to Togo for a humanitarian project with the organisation Zion’Gaia went missing.
No further details specified. Source: aOuaga
24 December 2018: In Kinindo commune, Bujumbura Mairie province, Burundian soldiers arrested an employee of the NGO Handicap International while he was at a bar. There is no indication as to why he was arrested. Source: SOS Averages Burundi
New 2019 Operating Plans signed with Greece, Italy and Cyprus, with the latter mandating a notable increase in support from EASO
In late December 2018, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) signed three new Operating Plans with authorities in Cyprus, Greece and Italy. The new Plans are updates of previous versions, and detail the support that the Agency will provide to the asylum authorities of the three EU Member States throughout 2019 in order to ensure that EASO continues to meet the operational needs of the authorities that request it.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 2,200 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through the first 13 days of 2019, a slight increase over the 1,915 arriving during the same period last year. Deaths on the three main Mediterranean Sea routes through almost two weeks of the new year are at 16 individuals, compared with 194 deaths during the same period in 2018.
- Total (observed) arrivals – December: 1,171
- Total (observed) arrivals - November: 1,275
- Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - December: 169
- Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - November: 178
- Total occupancy of government centres – end December: 4,205
- Total occupancy of government centres - end November: 3,891
- Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end December: 4,468
- Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end November: 4,165
So far in 2018, a total of 32,494 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece by sea. The majority are from Afghanistan (26%), Syria (24%) and Iraq (18%). More than half of the population are women (23%) and children (37%), while 40% are men.
Arrivals in December 2018, at 2,927 increased in comparison to November, when 2,075 people arrived on the islands. Arrivals during 2018 are 9% higher than those in 2017.
Arrivals This week
323 people arrived on the Aegean islands, an increase from last week’s 283 arrivals but a decrease from last year’s 391 arrivals during the same period.
The average daily arrivals this week equalled 46, compared to 40 in the previous week.
Population on the Islands
Over 14,400 refugees and migrants reside on the Aegean islands. The majority of the population on the Aegean islands are from Afghanistan (36%), Iraq (16%) and Syria (11%).
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
Central African Republic
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 13 Jan 2019): 54
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 13 Jan 2018): 886
Total arrivals 1 Jan - 13 Jan 2019 54
Total arrivals 1 Jan - 13 Jan 2018 886
Average daily arrivals in January 2019 so far: 4
Average daily arrivals in December 2018: 12
Dead and missing in 2019 - Central Med (as of 13 Jan) 12
Dead and missing in 2019 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 13 Jan) 14
Dead and missing in 2018 - Central Med (as of 13 Jan) 176
Dead and missing in 2018 - Mediterranean Sea (as of 13 Jan) 194
Persons of Concern to UNHCR in Libya
As of 14 January 2019, a total of 55,936 asylum seekers and refugees are registered with UNHCR in Libya. A total of 3,762 individuals have been identified by UNHCR and its partners to be currently in one of the accessible Libyan detention centres.
Evacuation from Libya
By Helena Loh, IFRC
“E.T. phone home?” “E.T. phone home.” “And they’ll come?” “Come? Home. Home.” Hearing these words while watching the movie E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial in 1994, six-year-old Yasmina Peker cried so hard that her mother had to tell her the happy ending to stop her tears.
Today, Yasmina is Team Leader of Turkish Red Crescent Society’s Restoring Family Links (RFL) community-based migration programme. She smiles as she remembers the movie, “I remember how E.T. wanted to go home, but couldn’t, and it really affected me,” she said.
The number of migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean for Europe has been dropping and that is partly because of tougher measures introduced on the migrant routes, as Mike Thomson reports from Niger.
Read more on the BBC
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 31 December 2018, 23,370 persons arrived in Italy by sea.
This is an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (119,369). In the first half of the year, monthly arrival numbers ranged from 1,049 in April 2018 to 4,189 in January 2018. In the second half of the year, the numbers of monthly arrivals decreased further. Notably, in December 2018, 359 refugees and migrants were recorded at landing points in southern Italy.
187,423 Libyans currently internally displaced (IDPs)
403,978 returned IDPs (returns registered in 2016 - April 2018)
56,204 registered refugees and asylum seekers in the State of Libya 23,370 overall persons arrived in Italy
1,382 monitoring visits to detention centres in 2018 and 2019
2,709 asylum-seekers and refugees released from detention in 2018
2,793 vulnerable refugees and asylum seekers evacuated since November 2017
USD 88.1 M required for 2019