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Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

Since the formation of Boko Haram in 2002 and its subsequent insurgency into northern Nigeria, leading to the declaration of a state of emergency in the most affected states - Borno, Yobe and Adamawa - in 2013 and increased counter-attacks by a regional coalition force formed in 2015, the group has moved into neighbouring states, recruiting fighters and carrying out attacks. The result has been the displacement of 2.4 million people in the Lake Chad Basin region, which includes parts of Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad, to create one of the most severe and complex humanitarian emergencies in the world today, as the insecurity amplifies chronic drought, cholera and poverty endemic to the region.

However, delivering humanitarian assistance has been severely hindered by the volatile security situation and the remoteness of the region. Climate change and resource depletion as the lake’s water surface has shrunk from 25,000 square kilometres in the 1960s to only 2,500 square kilometres today, are compounding the crisis (DFID, 15 Mar 2017).

About 17 million people live in the affected areas, of whom 10.7 million need help. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that are among the poorest and most vulnerable in the world. And with the lean season under way, food insecurity and malnutrition are reaching critical levels. In north-eastern Nigeria, some 5.2 million people are struggling with acute food shortages; in addition, 1.5 million people in Cameroon’s Far North region, 123,000 in Chad and 340,000 in Niger are also acutely food insecure (OCHA, 7 Jul 2017).

The UN is calling for $1.5 billion to address these issues and in February, at a conference in Oslo, 14 donor countries pledged $458 million to help the millions affected across the region this year. Another $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. In addition, the UN humanitarian chief, Stephen O’Brien, launched the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund to support emergency response in the northeast, in a bid to enable donors to pool contributions to deliver a more effective and timely response. However, as of July 2017, $1.04 billion in funding needs was still unmet (OCHA, 7 Jul 2017).

A la suite de l’apparition de Boko Haram en 2002 et de l’insurrection qui a suivi dans le nord-est du Nigéria, l’état d’urgence a été déclaré en 2013 dans les États les plus touchés de Borno, de Yobe et d’Adamawa. Après une contre-attaque accrue de la coalition armée régionale formée en 2015, le groupe s’est déplacé vers les États voisins, menant des attaques et recrutant des combattants. En conséquence quelque 2,3 millions de personnes ont été déplacées dans la région du Lac Tchad, qui recouvre plusieurs parties du Nigéria, du Niger, du Cameroun et au Tchad. Il s’agit d’une des plus sévères et des plus complexes crises humanitaires dans le monde aujourd’hui, alors que l’insécurité aggrave encore davantage la sécheresse chronique, le choléra, et la pauvreté endémique dans la région.

Par ailleurs la situation sécuritaire volatile et l’isolement de la région rend l’acheminement de l’aide humanitaire très difficile. Les changements climatiques et l’épuisement des ressources empirent la situation : l’étendue du lac Tchad est passée de 25,000 kilomètres carrés dans les années 60 à seulement 2,500 aujourd’hui (DFID, 15 mars 2017).

Quelque 17 millions de personnes habitent dans les zones touchées, et 10,7 millions d’entre elles ont besoin d’aide. La plupart des familles déplacées ont été accueillies par des communautés qui comptent parmi les plus vulnérables et les plus pauvres au monde. En pleine saison de soudure, l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition atteignent des niveaux critiques. Dans le nord-est du Nigéria, quelque 5,2 millions de personnes font face à de graves manques de nourriture, auxquelles s’ajoutent 1,5 million de personnes dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord au Cameroun, 123 000 au Tchad et 340 000 au Niger qui se trouvent également en situation de crise alimentaire aigue.

L’ONU a lancé un appel de fonds de 1,5 milliard de dollars afin d’affronter cette situation, et lors de la conférence qui s’est tenue à Oslo en février 2017, 14 pays donateurs se sont engagés à verser 458 millions de dollars afin de venir en aide aux millions de personnes touchées par la crise cette année. Pour 2018 et au-delà, 214 millions supplémentaires ont été annoncés. Par ailleurs le chef de l’aide humanitaire à l’ONU, Stephen O’Brien, a lancé le Fonds humanitaire pour le Nigéria afin de soutenir la réponse d’urgence dans le nord-est, avec l’objectif de permettre aux donateurs de mettre leurs contributions en commun pour acheminer une aide rapide et efficace. Cependant, début juillet 2017 le manque de financement s’élevait encore à 1,04 milliard de dollars (OCHA, 7 juillet 2017).

All Updates on Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

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16 Feb 2018 description
  • New on http://polioeradication.org/: Sudan’s surveillance system under the microscope, and a new addition to our ‘Reaching the Hard-to-Reach’ series, on AFP surveillance in challenging areas of Afghanistan, Syria and Nigeria.

  • The 16th International Health Regulations Emergency Committee regarding the international spread of poliovirus recommended that the temporary recommendations to prevent virus spread be extended for a further period of three months.

16 Feb 2018 description

LE TCHAD
... EST AFFECTE PAR LA CRISE DU BASSIN DU LAC TCHAD

Les opérations militaires et l’insécurité ont entrainé le déplacement de plus de 137 000 personnes et affecté environ 312 000 communautés locales déjà vulnérables.

15 Feb 2018 description

ASSISTANT SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS AND DEPUTY EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR MISSION TO THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, CAMEROON AND CHAD

Media Advisory

WHO:

Ursula Mueller, Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator

WHAT:

Mission to the Central African Republic, Cameroon and Chad

WHEN:

18 to 27 February 2018

WHERE:

Bangui, Paoua, Yaoundé, Maroua, N'Djamena, Bol

15 Feb 2018 description
report Government of Niger

Niamey, le 15 Février, Le Premier Ministre, Chef du Gouvernement, SEM Brigi Rafini a lancé aujourd’hui un appel de fonds de 338 millions de dollars US, soit 185,3 milliards de FCFA pour apporter une aide d’urgence à 1,8 million de personnes vulnérables dans les secteurs de la sécurité alimentaire, la nutrition, l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement, la protection, les Abris/BNA et la santé au cours de l’année 2018.

15 Feb 2018 description
report Plan International

The Lake Chad Basin Crisis remains one of the largest humanitarian emergencies in the world and continues to affect the North-East of Nigeria, the Far North Region of Cameroon, the Lac Region of Chad and the Diffa Region in Niger. Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four countries.

14 Feb 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • Relocation from Mozogo to Zamai has been completed for all 76 families that have returned from the captivity of Boko Haram in Nigeria. They settled into the shelters provided by the humanitarian community and are receiving support in WASH, education, nutrition, health and child protection.

14 Feb 2018 description

Polio this week as of 07 February 2018

12 Feb 2018 description

The polio surveillance system is finding the virus in the most challenging areas so that children can be protected and polio stopped for good.

The poliovirus remains in just a few small pockets around the world. However, these final hiding places are some of the most challenging settings on earth in which to eradicate a disease. Finding and stopping a virus whose special power is staying hidden is no mean feat, especially in remote or inaccessible places.

11 Feb 2018 description

February 9, 2018 - Abuja, Nigeria - Global Affairs Canada

Canada champions sexual and reproductive health and rights for all women and girls globally, particularly the poorest and most vulnerable, to ensure they have access to the services and information they need to have control of their own bodies, lives and futures. Canada also believes that everyone should have equal access to health care, proper nutrition, education and humanitarian assistance.

10 Feb 2018 description

Abuja/Geneva (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) today facilitated the handover -- from the armed opposition to the Nigerian military -- of 10 women police officers and three university professors.

This operation in north-east Nigeria, with the ICRC acting as a neutral intermediary, was carried out at the request of the parties to the ongoing armed conflict.

"We are so pleased that these 13 people are free and will be able to see their families again," said Patrick Youssef, deputy regional director for Africa.

10 Feb 2018 description
report Voice of America

Moki Edwin Kindzeka

GAROUA, CAMEROON — Cameroon says its northern border with Nigeria and Chad and most of the Lake Chad basin face a food crisis because of desertification and the Boko Haram conflict that stopped farmers from doing their work.

10 Feb 2018 description

PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 4,4M

BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉS

L’insécurité alimentaire, les déplacements de population et les urgences sanitaires entrainent plus de 8 millions de personnes (presque deux tiers de la population tchadienne) dans une vulnérabilité aigüe ou chronique, souvent exacerbée par le faible développement et les risques climatiques. Plus de 4,4 millions de personnes dont 52% de femmes ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire d’urgence et de soutien pour renforcer leurs moyens d’existence.

09 Feb 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • HRP aims to reach 6.1 million people northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa,
    Borno, and Yobe states in 2018

  • FEWS NET projects severe food insecurity, risk of Famine will persist in northeastern Nigeria through mid-2018

  • Relief actors deliver food assistance for 2 million people in northeastern Nigeria in December

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

08 Feb 2018 description

As Delivered, 8 February 2018, Abuja, Nigeria

Honourable Minister and other representatives of the Government of Nigeria,
Distinguished Ambassadors and Member State representatives,
Fellow humanitarians,
Esteemed members of the press,
Ladies and gentlemen.

06 Feb 2018 description

Nigeria in Perspective: Meeting Evolving Humanitarian Needs