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Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

Since the formation of Boko Haram in 2002 and its subsequent insurgency into northern Nigeria, leading to the declaration of a state of emergency in the most affected states - Borno, Yobe and Adamawa - in 2013 and increased counter-attacks by a regional coalition force formed in 2015, the group has moved into neighbouring states, recruiting fighters and carrying out attacks. The result has been the displacement of 2.4 million people in the Lake Chad Basin region, which includes parts of Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad, to create one of the most severe and complex humanitarian emergencies in the world today, as the insecurity amplifies chronic drought, cholera and poverty endemic to the region.

Furthermore, Lake Chad, once one of Africa’s largest lakes, is in distress. Over the last 60 years, the lake’s size has decreased by 90 percent as a result of overuse of the water, extended drought and the impacts of climate change. The surface area of the lake has plummeted from 26,000 square kilometers in 1963 to less than 1,500 square kilometers today. The reduction, which has been called an ecological disaster, has not only destroyed livelihoods but led to the loss of invaluable biodiversity. (UN Environment, 28 Feb 2018)

In 2018, around 10.7 million people need relief assistance to survive. Concerted efforts by humanitarian actors and the Government helped avert the risk of famine in 2017. Food insecurity and malnutrition, nonetheless, remain high in the conflict-hit regions of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. Humanitarian organisations are in 2018 requesting for US$1.6 billion to ease hunger, provide water, shelter, hygiene, healthcare, protection and education and help communities rebuild their lives and livelihoods. (OCHA, 22 Feb 2018)

Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

A la suite de l’apparition de Boko Haram en 2002 et de l’insurrection qui a suivi dans le nord-est du Nigéria, l’état d’urgence a été déclaré en 2013 dans les États les plus touchés de Borno, de Yobe et d’Adamawa. Après une contre-attaque accrue de la coalition armée régionale formée en 2015, le groupe s’est déplacé vers les États voisins, menant des attaques et recrutant des combattants. En conséquence quelque 2,3 millions de personnes ont été déplacées dans la région du Lac Tchad, qui recouvre plusieurs parties du Nigéria, du Niger, du Cameroun et au Tchad. Il s’agit d’une des plus sévères et des plus complexes crises humanitaires dans le monde aujourd’hui, alors que l’insécurité aggrave encore davantage la sécheresse chronique, le choléra, et la pauvreté endémique dans la région.

Par ailleurs le lac Tchad, autrefois l'un des plus grands lacs d'Afrique, est en détresse. Au cours des 60 dernières années, la taille du lac a diminué de 90% en raison de l'utilisation excessive de son eau, de sécheresses prolongées et des effets des changements climatiques. La superficie du lac est passée de 26 000 kilomètres carrés en 1963 à moins de 1 500 kilomètres carrés aujourd'hui. Cette situation a été qualifié de catastrophe écologique : elle a entraîné la disparition des moyens de subsistance des populations ont été détruit et la perte d'une biodiversité inestimable. (ONU Environnement, 28 Feb 2018)

En 2018, 10,8 millions de personnes ont besoin d’aide pour survivre. Les efforts concertés des acteurs humanitaires et des gouvernements ont permis d’éviter la famine en 2017. Cependant l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition restent élevées dans les régions touchées par le conflit au Cameroun, au Tchad, au Niger et au Nigéria. Les organisations humanitaires demandent 1,6 milliard de dollars pour réduire la faim et fournir eau, abris, soins médicaux, protection, hygiène et éducation afin d’aider les communautés à reconstruire leur vie et retrouver leurs moyens d’existence. (OCHA, 22 février 2018)

All Updates on Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

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26 Apr 2018 description
report Voice of America

MORA, CAMEROON — Religious leaders in Cameroon have been visiting towns along the country's border with Nigeria this week in a bid to curb fresh recruitment efforts by Boko Haram.

Imam Abbo Hamatoukour, who hails from the nearby town of Garoua, is taking part in an outreach program sponsored by both Muslim and Christian preachers.

Hamatoukour said Boko Haram is trying to lure youth with promises that they will go to heaven if they die fighting so-called unbelievers.

26 Apr 2018 description
report The Conversation

The Conversation

Titilayo Adebola | Tutor, Global Intellectual Property Law & Policy, School of Law, University of Warwick

25 Apr 2018 description
report UN General Assembly

AG/12011
24 AVRIL 2018

Face à la multiplication des conflits dans le monde, les impératifs de la prévention, de la médiation et du développement ont figuré au cœur des appels des délégations venues participer, aujourd’hui, au lancement du débat de haut niveau de l’Assemblée générale sur la consolidation et la pérennisation de la paix. « La paix durable, c’est la mise en place d’un environnement respectueux de la dignité humaine », a résumé le Roi des Belges Philippe 1er.

24 Apr 2018 description
report UN General Assembly

GA/12011
GENERAL ASSEMBLY PLENARY
SEVENTY-SECOND SESSION, 83RD & 84TH MEETINGS (AM & PM)

Assembly President Calls for Coherence, Partnerships across United Nations Pillars

Member States must go beyond resolutions and statements and recommit to a new approach to peace, the General Assembly heard today during a high-level debate that explored opportunities for strengthening the United Nations work on sustaining peace.

24 Apr 2018 description

Working with the polio programme opens up new opportunities for women and their communities.

Binta Tijjani works to eradicate polio in her native Kano state of Nigeria. She is one of the over 360 000 frontline workers dedicated to ending polio in her country, the vast majority of whom are women. Nigeria is one of only three countries in the world yet to stop poliovirus circulation, together with Afghanistan and Pakistan.

20 Apr 2018 description

In Numbers

2,905 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 2.8 m cash-based transfers made

US$ 98 m six months (April-September 2018) net funding requirements, representing 13.6% of total.

Operational Context

19 Apr 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Yobe State health authorities declare cholera outbreak in Bade LGA

• Relief actors reach 2.4 million people with emergency food assistance in northeastern Nigeria during February

• Approximately 27 percent of the population in Lac, Chad, may experience Crisis or worse levels of acute food insecurity from June–August

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

19 Apr 2018 description

Delivering on the Paris Goals and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, countries across the globe are mainstreaming and accelerating actions toward a low-carbon climate-resilient future. In Bangladesh, a new project will provide assistance to 25,000 women and girls to adopt resilient livelihoods, while ensuring reliable, safe drinking water for 130,000 people.

19 Apr 2018 description

Outcomes in areas of northeast remain heavily dependent on humanitarian assistance

KEY MESSAGES

17 Apr 2018 description

Context: The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin countries is a result of a conflict with Non-State Armed Groups and has triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 17 April 2018, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria are hosting an estimated 4,025,486 affected individuals made up of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees (both in- and out-of-camp), returnees (former IDPs and returnees from abroad) and third country nationals (TCNs).

16 Apr 2018 description

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Plus de 15 000 personnes pourraient fuir les îles à cause des opérations militaires en cours

  • Diffa et Tillabéry accueillent près de 130 000 personnes déplacées internes

  • Près de 800 000 personnes en crise alimentaire

  • Les cas d’abandons scolaires ont atteint 7000 élèves cette année

CHIFFRES CLES

Personnes dans le besoin au Niger (HNO 2018) 2 300 000

Personnes ciblées au Niger (HRP 2018) 1 800 000

16 Apr 2018 description

Boko Haram-related conflict continues to restrict humanitarian access in the Lake Chad Basin region, where an estimated 10.7 million people need assistance and 2.4 million are displaced. Approximately 4.5 million people are food insecure in the Lake Chad Basin region. However, this is a decline from a height of 7 million last year.

15 Apr 2018 description
report ALIMA

Chaque jour, l’ambulance du camp de réfugiés de Minawao vient se garer devant l’hôpital de district de Mokolo, dans la région de l’extrême nord du Cameroun. A son bord, des mamans inquiètes serrent dans leurs bras des enfants fébriles, tantôt endormis tantôt en pleurs.

15 Apr 2018 description
report ALIMA

Every day, the ambulance for the Minawao refugee camp parks in front of the Mokolo District Hospital in Cameroon’s Far North Region. Inside, worried mothers hold their feverish children in their arms, who alternate between sleeping and crying.

14 Apr 2018 description
file preview
Briefing Note

The armed conflict in the Lake Chad region has caused mass displacement in north-east Nigeria, forcing people to flee the violence and abandon their homes.

The majority of those displaced found shelter in “host” communities in safer locations. However, many people’s displacement is now stretching into three years or more, and the situation is exhausting their resources and those of the communities hosting them. This is leading to a number of challenges, among them an increase in disputes over housing, land and property.

13 Apr 2018 description
report REACH Initiative

Following 8 years of conflict between the Nigerian Government and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) in north-eastern Nigeria, the region has seen significant levels of destroyed infrastructure, a dramatic erosion of livelihoods and the displacement of over 2 million people at the height of the conflict. The entire population in the region is extremely vulnerable and in need of basic humanitarian support, with Borno State hosting over 1.3 million of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).