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Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

Since the formation of Boko Haram in 2002 and its subsequent insurgency into northern Nigeria, leading to the declaration of a state of emergency in the most affected states - Borno, Yobe and Adamawa - in 2013 and increased counter-attacks by a regional coalition force formed in 2015, the group has moved into neighbouring states, recruiting fighters and carrying out attacks. The result has been the displacement of 2.4 million people in the Lake Chad Basin region, which includes parts of Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad, to create one of the most severe and complex humanitarian emergencies in the world today, as the insecurity amplifies chronic drought, cholera and poverty endemic to the region.

However, delivering humanitarian assistance has been severely hindered by the volatile security situation and the remoteness of the region. Climate change and resource depletion as the lake’s water surface has shrunk from 25,000 square kilometres in the 1960s to only 2,500 square kilometres today, are compounding the crisis (DFID, 15 Mar 2017).

About 17 million people live in the affected areas, of whom 10.7 million need help. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that are among the poorest and most vulnerable in the world. And with the lean season under way, food insecurity and malnutrition are reaching critical levels. In north-eastern Nigeria, some 5.2 million people are struggling with acute food shortages; in addition, 1.5 million people in Cameroon’s Far North region, 123,000 in Chad and 340,000 in Niger are also acutely food insecure (OCHA, 7 Jul 2017).

The UN is calling for $1.5 billion to address these issues and in February, at a conference in Oslo, 14 donor countries pledged $458 million to help the millions affected across the region this year. Another $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. In addition, the UN humanitarian chief, Stephen O’Brien, launched the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund to support emergency response in the northeast, in a bid to enable donors to pool contributions to deliver a more effective and timely response. However, as of July 2017, $1.04 billion in funding needs was still unmet (OCHA, 7 Jul 2017).

A la suite de l’apparition de Boko Haram en 2002 et de l’insurrection qui a suivi dans le nord-est du Nigéria, l’état d’urgence a été déclaré en 2013 dans les États les plus touchés de Borno, de Yobe et d’Adamawa. Après une contre-attaque accrue de la coalition armée régionale formée en 2015, le groupe s’est déplacé vers les États voisins, menant des attaques et recrutant des combattants. En conséquence quelque 2,3 millions de personnes ont été déplacées dans la région du Lac Tchad, qui recouvre plusieurs parties du Nigéria, du Niger, du Cameroun et au Tchad. Il s’agit d’une des plus sévères et des plus complexes crises humanitaires dans le monde aujourd’hui, alors que l’insécurité aggrave encore davantage la sécheresse chronique, le choléra, et la pauvreté endémique dans la région.

Par ailleurs la situation sécuritaire volatile et l’isolement de la région rend l’acheminement de l’aide humanitaire très difficile. Les changements climatiques et l’épuisement des ressources empirent la situation : l’étendue du lac Tchad est passée de 25,000 kilomètres carrés dans les années 60 à seulement 2,500 aujourd’hui (DFID, 15 mars 2017).

Quelque 17 millions de personnes habitent dans les zones touchées, et 10,7 millions d’entre elles ont besoin d’aide. La plupart des familles déplacées ont été accueillies par des communautés qui comptent parmi les plus vulnérables et les plus pauvres au monde. En pleine saison de soudure, l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition atteignent des niveaux critiques. Dans le nord-est du Nigéria, quelque 5,2 millions de personnes font face à de graves manques de nourriture, auxquelles s’ajoutent 1,5 million de personnes dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord au Cameroun, 123 000 au Tchad et 340 000 au Niger qui se trouvent également en situation de crise alimentaire aigue.

L’ONU a lancé un appel de fonds de 1,5 milliard de dollars afin d’affronter cette situation, et lors de la conférence qui s’est tenue à Oslo en février 2017, 14 pays donateurs se sont engagés à verser 458 millions de dollars afin de venir en aide aux millions de personnes touchées par la crise cette année. Pour 2018 et au-delà, 214 millions supplémentaires ont été annoncés. Par ailleurs le chef de l’aide humanitaire à l’ONU, Stephen O’Brien, a lancé le Fonds humanitaire pour le Nigéria afin de soutenir la réponse d’urgence dans le nord-est, avec l’objectif de permettre aux donateurs de mettre leurs contributions en commun pour acheminer une aide rapide et efficace. Cependant, début juillet 2017 le manque de financement s’élevait encore à 1,04 milliard de dollars (OCHA, 7 juillet 2017).

All Updates on Lake Chad Basin Crisis/Crise du bassin du lac Tchad

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20 Sep 2017 description

SG/SM/18702

La déclaration suivante a été communiquée aujourd’hui par le Porte-parole de M. António Guterres, Secrétaire général de l’ONU:

Le Secrétaire général condamne les attentats-suicides du 18 septembre 2017 dans l’État du Borno, au Nigéria, et les attentats qui ont eu lieu la veille à Kossa, au Cameroun. Ces attentats ont visé des populations vulnérables déjà affectées par la violence de Boko Haram.

20 Sep 2017 description

SG/SM/18704-SC/12997-PKO/669

Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks at the Security Council high-level open debate on “Peacekeeping Operations Regarding the Reform of United Nations Peacekeeping: Implementation and Follow-Up”, in New York today:

20 Sep 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Nigeria: Le Nigeria connait une flambée de choléra qui s’est aggravée depuis la semaine 33 par l’apparition d’un foyer dans l’Etat de Borno. Au total à la semaine 34 le pays connait 7 foyers dont 3 très actifs (Borno, Kebbi et Kano) qui ont rapporté pendant les deux dernières semaines cumulativement 106 cas dont 05 décès. Ces trois foyers constituent une menace importante pour les autres pays du bassin du Lac Tchad, ainsi que pour le Golf de Guinée via le Benin.

20 Sep 2017 description

By Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Excellencies,

Ladies and gentlemen,

It is an honour to be here today, and to share the floor with such distinguished colleagues - with whom UNHCR has enjoyed a strong collaboration for many years.

The New York Declaration resonated as a bold step forward for a world struggling to meet the challenges of large-scale refugee flows, and increasingly complex migratory movements.

20 Sep 2017 description

SG/SM/18702

The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:

The Secretary-General condemns the suicide attacks on 18 September in Borno State, Nigeria, and the attacks one day earlier in Kossa, Cameroon. These terrorist attacks targeted vulnerable people already affected by Boko Haram violence.

20 Sep 2017 description

ABUJA — The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a significant contribution of nearly US$100 million from the United States, which guarantees continued life-saving food assistance in northeast Nigeria through early 2018.

This brings the total amount donated by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) this year to US$150.8 million for WFP operations in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, the states hardest hit by the conflict-driven hunger crisis.

20 Sep 2017 description

Abuja, 20 September 2017 - The 34th session of the Expert Review Committee on Polio Eradication and Routine Immunization (ERC), cautions the Nigeria programme to guard against complacency as the country is ”not out of the woods yet”. The warning according to ERC, is germane, given recent antecedents despite one year without any reported case of wild poliovirus (WPV) in Nigeria.

In 2016, the Government reported four laboratory confirmed WPV cases between July and August after almost two years without the detection of WPV.

19 Sep 2017 description

Executive Summary

Violent conflicts between nomadic herders from northern Nigeria and sedentary agrarian communities in the central and southern zones have escalated in recent years and are spreading southward, threatening the country’s security and stability.

18 Sep 2017 description

Background

Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. More than 2.3 million people remain displaced. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.

Recent developments

18 Sep 2017 description

Regional Highlights

  • A cholera epidemics breaks in north-east Nigeria on 16 August 2017 with, as of 13 September, 45 dead amongst 1,925 cases recorded in Borno State.

  • The hepatitis E epidemic declared in April in Niger is marking a decreasing trend, after recording 1,672 cases in the Diffa region.

  • Cameroon’s Far North is witnessing an increase in incidents and attacks as well as a geographical shift in violent incidents from Logone-and-Chari to Mayo Sava department.

15 Sep 2017 description

For the past eight years, conflict provoked by Boko Haram has devastated the Lake Chad region. More than 20,000 people have been killed, and a staggering 2.4 million people have fled their homes, living as internally displaced people in their home countries, or as refugees across neighbouring borders.

After one week in his new post, UN Humanitarian Chief Mark Lowcock visited the region, where he met some of the survivors of the conflict.

See the OCHA photostory

15 Sep 2017 description

Highlights

  • From 4 to 10 July, a new influx of Central African Republic refugees was reported in Southern Chad. A total of 756 people were registered as refugees by UNHCR and transferred to the site of Diba. On 21 July, WFP provided them with monthly voucher assistance at full ration level.

15 Sep 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Cholera transmission increases in northeastern Nigeria, with more than 1,900 suspected and confirmed cases and 44 related deaths

  • Conflict and insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin continue to limit agricultural production and food availability

  • The number of displaced persons in northeastern Nigeria decreases by 4 percent compared to June figures

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

14 Sep 2017 description
  • New on polioeradication.org: Polio vaccines reach vulnerable children in hard to reach areas of Syria.

  • Following flooding in Benue, Nigeria, the World Health Organization has deployed its polio infrastructure across the state to strengthen disease prevention efforts.

  • Pakistan and Afghanistan plan to implement National Immunization Days during the second half of September.

14 Sep 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • In Kolofata, the authorities are relocating all IDPs residing in schools to one site to avail the schools for the upcoming school year. Protection concerns are being raised from the humanitarian communities, particularly with regards to the freedom of movement of these IDPs and their treatment.

14 Sep 2017 description
report UN Security Council

CS/12990

Conseil de sécurité
8047e séance – après-midi

Si d’encourageants progrès ont été accomplis dans la lutte contre Boko Haram grâce aux efforts conjoints des pays du bassin du lac Tchad dans le cadre de la Force multinationale mixte, le Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires politiques a toutefois invité les membres du Conseil de sécurité à la prudence.

13 Sep 2017 description
report UN Security Council

SC/12990

Security Council
8047th Meeting (PM)

Boko Haram Impacts All Facets of Life, Nigeria’s Permanent Representative Stresses

Recent progress against Boko Haram notwithstanding, Africa’s Lake Chad Basin continued to suffer a “staggering” and under-funded humanitarian crisis, the United Nations political affairs chief told the Security Council today, warning that Governments across the region had been forced to divert already scarce resources to fight terrorism and other security challenges.