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Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa

In early 2017, famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, with almost five million people classified as severely food insecure, while warnings of possible famine were issued for other countries in the Horn of Africa. By February the number of severely food-insecure people across the greater Horn of Africa region had increased to 22.9 million and this could rise even further. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)

WFP has classified the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa as a Level 2 Emergency. Some 2.9 million people in Somalia and 5.6 million people in Ethiopia are categorised as being in either crisis or emergency IPC levels 3 and 4, and require urgent humanitarian assistance. In Kenya, 2.6 million people also require emergency food assistance, of whom 2.2 million are in IPC Phase 3.

The Somali and Kenyan governments have declared the drought situation a “national disaster” and appealed to the international community to support the response efforts. In Somalia, WFP scaled up its emergency response in February, reaching nearly 1 million people through general distributions, nutrition interventions and school meals programme. (WFP, 15 Mar 2017)

At the other end of the continent, some countries in southern Africa were hit by floods and an infestation of army worm, further compounding the food insecurity experienced in the region as a consequence of the El-Niño phenomenon that struck in 2015-16.

According to WFP, the nutrition situation deteriorated in the seven most severely drought-affected countries - Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe - in the latter half of 2016, with several countries recording wasting levels above 5 percent. Pockets of very high acute malnutrition are still prevalent in Zimbabwe and Madagascar (WFP, 21 Feb 2017)

Madagascar was also hit by a tropical cyclone in March 2017, leaving more than 110,000 people displaced.

All Updates on Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa

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24 Sep 2017 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire across the country

  • Food insecure caseload estimated at record high 6 million in June 2017

  • Unfavourable prospects for 2017 crops due to widespread insecurity, large scale displacements and Fall Armyworm infestations

  • Food prices at exceptionally high levels

Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire

24 Sep 2017 description

The first camp in Dadaab was established in 1991. There are 4 camps in Dadaab: Hagadera,
Dagahaley, Ifo and Ifo.

Since December 2014, Somali refugees who decide to voluntarily return to their home country, receive UNHCR support in Kenya and Somalia.

A total of 4,949 non-Somalis refugees were relocated to Kakuma. The relocation is currently suspended due to the limited absorption capacity and services in Kalobeyei.

Voluntary Repatriation

24 Sep 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

New internal displacements in Somalia reaching 58,000 were monitored by the UNHCR-led Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN) during August 2017 down from 130,000 in July. Displacements where drought was identified as the primary driver at 34,000 showed a significant decline compared to July (68,000) and represents the lowest monthly figure yearto-date.

24 Sep 2017 description

IN THIS ISSUE

Page 1 Providing lifesaving assistance to persons displaced by drought

Page 2 Protection and Return Monitoring Network

Page 3 Almost one million persons forced to flee their homes

Page 4 Awareness raising on prevention of gender-based violence Page 4 Emergency shelters protect families

Since November 2016, Somalia faces severe drought, forcing almost one million persons to flee from their homes.

24 Sep 2017 description

In August, UNHCR recorded 349 new arrivals (259 Somalis, 80 Yemenis and 10 Ethiopians) from Yemen. ■ In 2017, 3,777 new arrivals reached Somalia, including 3,147 Somalis, 600 Yemenis and 30 third country nationals. ■ Since the beginning of the conflict in Yemen, 38,537 individuals arrived to Somalia, including 32,622 Somalis, 5,572 Yemenis and 343 third country nationals.

24 Sep 2017 description

Mogadishu, September 19, 2017. At a meeting in Mogadishu on Monday the Federal Government of Somalia launched a Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA), to analyze the recurrent impact of drought in the country. The Assessment will allow for the development of a Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF) which will provide a platform for development of investment into long-term resilience and reduction of risk to disaster.

24 Sep 2017 description
report UN General Assembly

AG/11952

Assemblée générale Plénière
Soixante-douzième session, 19e à 22e séances plénières, Matin, après-midi & soir,

Le Ministre des affaires étrangères de la République populaire démocratique de Corée affirme que son programme nucléaire est purement dissuasif

Moyen-Orient, Soudan du Sud, Yémen, Myanmar et essor du terrorisme: face à la multiplication des conflits et des défis sur la scène internationale, de nombreux États Membres ont appelé aujourd’hui à une réforme urgente de l’Organisation des Nations Unies.

24 Sep 2017 description
report UN General Assembly

GA/11952

General Assembly Plenary
Seventy-second Session, 19th to 22nd Meetings (AM, PM & Night)

Small Island States Concerned about Access to Financial Markets, Illegal Fishing

Security, human rights and international law took centre stage at the General Assembly today, with States diverging over how best to preserve their stability in the face of existential threats, as the 193-member body entered the fifth day of its annual high-level debate.

23 Sep 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • The current projected number of children who are or who could be acutely malnourished, has increased by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.2 million, including over 232,000 cases of potential life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM).

23 Sep 2017 description

Thousands of people have been killed and more than one million forced to flee homes in eastern DRC since the start of an insurrection nearly a year ago

LUSAKA, Sept 23 (Reuters) - Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) government forces have been killing civilians in an insurgency-hit region, prompting the latest influx of refugees into northern Zambia, a senior U.N. official said, citing accounts of asylum seekers.

Read more on Reuters.

23 Sep 2017 description

Chief Child Protection Advisers (CPA) from Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Afghanistan were gathered in New York on 19 September to brief Member States, Officials and Partners on the crucial transversal work done by CPAs in the field to better protect children living in areas affected by conflicts.

23 Sep 2017 description

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 22 septembre 2017 – La Banque islamique de développement (BID) et l’Association pour le développement de l’éducation en Afrique (ADEA) ont signé le 14 septembre 2017 à Djeddah (Arabie Saoudite) un Protocole d’accord (PdA) sur la coopération dans le secteur de l’éducation en Afrique, visant à apporter à leurs pays membres communs un soutien pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) et ceux de l’Agenda 2063 pour l’Afrique.

23 Sep 2017 description

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 22nd September 2017 - The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) signed on 14th September in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the education sector in Africa, aimed at supporting common Member Countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Africa’s Agenda 2063.

23 Sep 2017 description
report UN General Assembly

AG/11951

Assemblée générale Plénière
Soixante-douzième session, 15e à 18e séances plénières, Matin, après-midi & soir

L’action commune est le moyen le plus efficace de réaliser un développement et d’atteindre une paix qui bénéficient à tous, ont reconnu la quarantaine de dirigeants qui sont intervenus lors de cette quatrième journée du débat annuel de l’Assemblée générale. À un moment de l’histoire jugé décisif, le débat a revêtu un caractère souvent sombre en mettant l’accent sur les changements climatiques, les inégalités et le terrorisme.

23 Sep 2017 description
report UN General Assembly

GA/11951

General Assembly Plenary
Seventy-second Session, 15th to 18th Meetings (AM, PM & Night)

The interdependence of States and the benefits of joint action must be recognized and reaffirmed, the General Assembly heard today, as speakers debated the value of multilateralism in addressing pressing global challenges, ranging from inequality to climate change.

23 Sep 2017 description
report Voice of America

Sora Halake

Scientists are warning that the Horn of Africa may have to endure another dry season and more food insecurity because of weather patterns in the Pacific Ocean.

In mid-August, water temperatures in the east central Pacific began to dip below average, increasing the chances that the weather phenomenon known as La Nina could develop in the Northern Hemisphere.