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Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa

In early 2017, famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, with almost five million people classified as severely food insecure, while warnings of possible famine were issued for other countries in the Horn of Africa. By February the number of severely food-insecure people across the greater Horn of Africa region had increased to 22.9 million and this could rise even further. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)

WFP has classified the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa as a Level 2 Emergency. Some 2.9 million people in Somalia and 5.6 million people in Ethiopia are categorised as being in either crisis or emergency IPC levels 3 and 4, and require urgent humanitarian assistance. In Kenya, 2.6 million people also require emergency food assistance, of whom 2.2 million are in IPC Phase 3.

The Somali and Kenyan governments have declared the drought situation a “national disaster” and appealed to the international community to support the response efforts. In Somalia, WFP scaled up its emergency response in February, reaching nearly 1 million people through general distributions, nutrition interventions and school meals programme. (WFP, 15 Mar 2017)

At the other end of the continent, some countries in southern Africa were hit by floods and an infestation of army worm, further compounding the food insecurity experienced in the region as a consequence of the El-Niño phenomenon that struck in 2015-16.

According to WFP, the nutrition situation deteriorated in the seven most severely drought-affected countries - Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe - in the latter half of 2016, with several countries recording wasting levels above 5 percent. Pockets of very high acute malnutrition are still prevalent in Zimbabwe and Madagascar (WFP, 21 Feb 2017)

Madagascar was also hit by a tropical cyclone in March 2017, leaving more than 110,000 people displaced.

All Updates on Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa

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21 Feb 2018 description

Introduction

Uganda and Togo are countries with many differences yet common challenges. Partially due to changing demographics, the impacts of floods and droughts have increased over the years, destroying livelihoods, infrastructure, and increasing the risk of disease outbreaks. Disasters have a disproportionate impact on the poor and most vulnerable.

The problem

21 Feb 2018 description

Press Invitation

Dear Media Colleagues,

The Head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan, David Shearer, and UNMISS’ Human Rights Director, Eugene Nindorera will hold a press conference in Juba on Thursday 22nd of February at 10am.

They will release the Report on the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression in South Sudan since the July 2016 Crisis, which is co-authored by UNMISS and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

21 Feb 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• This week there were 589 new arrivals through Baidoa checkpoints and Zero Exits. The number of arrivals reported this week were lower than the numbers recorded last week, but current figures still remain high. The key driving factors for displacements in to Baidoa this week were as usual prolonged drought and increasing insecurity at the villages of origin.

21 Feb 2018 description
  • Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country over the past weeks, causing floods and triggering landslides.
  • According to local media, as of 21 February, a rubbish dump collapsed due to heavy rain in Maputo city, killing at least 17 people and destroying several houses. They also reported that search and rescue operations are still ongoing. The number of fatalities is expected to rise.
21 Feb 2018 description
  1. Le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires (OCHA) a tenu une réunion ce lundi 19 Février 2018, où il a présenté le Rapport sur le Plan de Réponse humanitaire 2018 pour le Burundi et qui viserait à alléger les souffrances des populations affectées, et dont la situation est présentée d’une façon alarmante.
    Le même rapport prétend que ce Plan aurait été préparé de manière participative et exhaustive en concertation avec le gouvernement du Burundi et les bailleurs de fonds.

21 Feb 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Africa

Burkina Faso

15 January 2018: Update: An Australian humanitarian doctor kidnapped on 15 January 2016 continues to be held hostage by an al-Qaeda-linked group. Source: aOuaga

Central African Republic

21 Feb 2018 description

Around 2,000 people from the 17,000-strong Karongi camp in western Rwanda marched out of the camp to protest a 25 percent cut in food rations

By Clement Uwiringiyimana

KIGALI, Rwanda, Feb 20 (Reuters) - Congolese refugees in Rwanda said soldiers shot at them and wounded at least two people on Tuesday as the refugees tried to march out of their camp in protest at a cut in food rations.

Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation

21 Feb 2018 description

Cuito - The non-governmental organisation "People in Need" launched in February a project to improve the food security of the vulnerable communities in central Bie province.

The fact was announced Tuesday by manager of NGO's Health Programme, Elena Catalan.

Speaking to Angop, Elena Catalan spoke of the perspectives of the actions to be developed, through the said project.

The manager stressed that the programme, aimed essentially at ensuring the nutritional levels of the populations, will cover rural areas.

21 Feb 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch
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Somali Summary

Somalia: Detained Children Face Abuse
Emphasize Rehabilitation, Develop Child-Specific Procedures

(Washington) – Somali authorities are unlawfully detaining and at times prosecuting in military courts children with alleged ties to the Islamist armed group Al-Shabab, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

21 Feb 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

ABSTRACT

This brief provides a comprehensive summary of the main impacts and related policy implications generated by Malawi’s Social Cash Transfer Programme between 2013 and 2015, including positive impacts on poverty, income multipliers, food security, productivity, education and health.

THE SOCIAL CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMME

21 Feb 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Between 17th and 20th February, 961 new refugee arrivals entered Uganda from the Democratic of the Congo (DRC), bringing the total number of new arrivals since 1st January 2018 to 42,784. 0f them, 27,349 people fled inter-ethnic violence in DRC's Ituri region and entered Uganda across Lake Albert using fishing boats and canoes. Another 15,435 refugees arrived from North Kivu through Uganda's southwestern borders with the DRC, mainly in Kisoro, Kanungu and Ntoroko districts.

21 Feb 2018 description

They are a valuable source of food, for bartering, as a dowry for marriage as well as demonstrating the wealth and power of those who own them. Five years of civil war have devastated the farming sector with cattle herders losing many of their stock to malnutrition and disease.

21 Feb 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 5,796 cholera / AWD cases and 74 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.3%) have been reported in 9 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

21 Feb 2018 description

The Department for International Development’s approach to value for money is helping to make UK aid spending go further, but improvements are still needed.

All UK government departments are required to achieve value for money in their use of public funds. In recent years, DFID has been working to build value for money considerations further into its management processes and its relationships with implementers and multilateral partners, establishing itself as a global champion on value for money.

21 Feb 2018 description

A decline in water usage has pushed back the day Cape Town's taps are expected to run dry

CAPE TOWN, Feb 20 (Reuters) - South Africa's drought-stricken city of Cape Town has pushed back its estimate for "Day Zero," when taps are expected to run dry, to July 9 from June 4 due to a decline in water usage, the city's deputy mayor said on Tuesday.

Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation

21 Feb 2018 description

ROME, Italy – Asmorom was just 18 when he fled Eritrea in 2007. It would take three years and many violent beatings by people smugglers for him to find a safe place to call home in Israel – only for his world to come crashing down once more.

Granted a temporary visa in Israel for four months, Asmorom was forced to continuously renew it. He also struggled to fit in. Without the right to work, he was vulnerable and exploited, ekeing out a living with odd jobs for meagre pay.

21 Feb 2018 description
report African Union

Djibouti, 20 February 2018 – H.E Mr. Anicet-Georges Dologuélé, Head of the Election Observation Mission of the African Union (AU) to the upcoming legislative elections in the Republic of Djibouti, and former Prime Minister of the Central African Republic met on Monday 19 February 2018, with H.E Mr. Abdi Ibrahim Absieh, President of the Constitutional Council of Djibouti in the presence of Mrs. Fahima Abdi, Secretary General of the same institution and other collaborators.

21 Feb 2018 description

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) and a visiting Japanese delegation have on Friday held discussions on the security situation in South Sudan.

The team drawn from the Ministry of Defence was also briefed on the IGAD-led High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) and the prospects of the implementation of the Agreement on the resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), going forward.

21 Feb 2018 description
report African Union

Addis Ababa, 21 February 2018 - The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union, Moussa Faki Mahamat, is closely following the situation in Ethiopia. He recalls, in this respect, that Ethiopia is not only home to the African Union Headquarters, but also an important member of the Union. As such, Ethiopia plays a key role in promoting regional peace and security, as well as in the pursuit of the continental agenda.