Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.
All Updates on Gender
The Ebola virus disease (EBOLA) outbreak in West Africa has the worst death toll since the disease was diagnosed in 1976. It also has far-reaching socioeconomic consequences.
Sub-Saharan Africa must provide universal access to decent jobs and social services if it is to achieve decisive development progress, according to the report .
This year the report shows that progress has been made in primary school enrolment, gender parity in primary school enrolment, the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament and HIV and AIDS prevalence rates. In spite of this progress, Africa still faces the challenges of addressing pervasive income inequalities, creating decent jobs, access to health and sanitation services.
SECTION I: Introduction
In September 2010, at the UN Millennium Development Goals High-Level Summit in New York, the international community reaffirmed its commitment to the MDGs, acknowledged the progress made so far, and noted that the global achievement of the MDGs by 2015 is still possible through strengthened international partnerships, closer collaboration between national authorities and development partners, and clear-sighted political will at the national level.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) presents one of its flagship publications, the 2009 African Women's Report. The report's theme: Measuring Gender Inequality in Africa: Experiences and Lessons From the African Gender and Development Index, is opportune as African countries are being urged to improve their statistical systems and data collection methods to respond to development concerns. This includes the need to accelerate gender equality in the social, economic and political fields.