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Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.

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10 Sep 2012 description


This paper is divided into three sections. The first section provides some historical background to the military conflict in Guatemala, the impact on indigenous communities, their exodus, resettlement and reception in Mexico. A review of the methodology used in the selection of participants in the community of La Gloria is complemented by demographic information and ethnic composition of these borderland communities.

06 Dec 2011 description
  1. The Congo context: the causes of persistent conflict

The DRC has a long and tragic history of plunder, predation and pillaging, first under Belgian colonial rule and then under President Mobutu. The country’s recent history is one of intractable armed conflict, poor governance, pervasive poverty, and massive humanitarian suffering, including widespread human rights violations and large-scale population displacement.