Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.
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Conflict prevention, resolution and reconstruction issues vary significantly across regions and cultures. There is no "one size fits all" approach that can be taken by the international community or local populations to promote and sustain peace. However, conflict-affected societies do share common characteristics and problems that peace processes seek to address and resolve. The Toolkit's creation was motivated by the needs of these women who, despite their achievements, have limited access to international processes.
This document offers preliminary principles
as the foundation for a new relationship between researchers and women
activists in conflict zones. For this purpose, it offers chapters on the
- Before leaving for the field
- Working with the community: What's in it for them?
- Participatory Action Research
- As you leave the community
- After you have left the community
- Using the results in policymaking