Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.
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WHAT IS THE COUNTRY PREPAREDNESS PACKAGE?
Why this research?
Thanks to the generosity of donors and supporters from across the globe, Oxfam’s response to Tropical Cyclone Pam has reached close to 25,000 people in the year since the cyclone struck Vanuatu.
WHAT OXFAM IS DOING
Water, sanitation and hygiene — providing clean water, rehabilitating water sources, constructing groundwater wells, distributing hygiene kits, carrying out hygiene awareness activities, and running workshops and activities that help communities protect their crops and ability to earn an income during droughts caused by El Niño.
A national debriefing workshop to identify lessons learned following Tropical Cyclone Pam (TC Pam) was facilitated by the Vanuatu National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) with support from the Pacific Community (SPC) and the European Union (EU). Technical support was also provided by SPC through the Building Safety and Resilience in the Pacific (BSRP) project and in close cooperation with sector partners.
Vanuatu experiences the world’s highest level of risk to natural hazards. Its extreme exposure to climate change and disasters impacts people across the 80 islands, including the majority three-quarters of the population who live in rural areas.
In these areas people’s lives and livelihoods are largely dependent on the sectors of agriculture and tourism that are often most impacted by disasters.
The Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP) builds on, and replaces, the Flash Appeal launched on 24 March, and is based on the results of the Second Phase Harmonized Needs Assessment. The Government-led Clusters focus their activities on one primary Strategic Objective: meeting the remaining life-saving and protection needs of 158,000 people in 23 islands over the next three months. The emergency response phase will gradually phase out during the timeframe of this plan.
The first round of Government-led, harmonized assessments will return by 2 April and will be used to identify residual humanitarian priorities and gaps in life-saving assistance, as well as early recovery needs. The second and final round of assessments will be deployed around 6 April.
As of 1 April, assessments show that Tropical Cyclone Pam destroyed 96 per cent of crops, leaving people with no alternative food stocks.
UNFPA PACIFIC, Suva (March 17, 2014) - The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Pacific Sub-Regional Office (PSRO) has committed up to $35 million VATU and will provide essential emergency reproductive health supplies towards the United Nations Cyclone Pam recovery efforts, with the Government of Vanuatu.
UNFPA Pacific also informed the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) in a meeting of all agencies March 17 (2015) that UNFPA staff will be available for deployment if the need for their field expertise is identified.