Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.
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• Disaster after disaster:
After months of a devastating drought, many of the same areas have now been inundated with flooding. An estimated 800,000 people have been affected by the flooding countrywide. Even after the floodwater disappears, families who lost livestock and crops during the drought will struggle to rebound as they have no seeds, livestock nor means to earn an income.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Tropical Cyclone (TC) Keni was initially monitored over the Pacific waters as a Tropical Disturbance 13F (TD13F) analyzed far West of Fiji. TD13F was later upgraded to a Tropical Cyclone Category 1 as it moved East South East towards Fiji.
This report, the result of internal research by CARE International, argues that partnerships in humanitarian response not only meet lifesaving needs but can also address gender inequalities. Based on the review of five recent emergency responses, the report explores which partnership models and practices can best foster gendertransformative humanitarian action.
Working Paper No. 209
Since 11 August 2017, heavy monsoon rains have caused intense flooding across more than one-third of Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department warns that heavy rainfall is expected to continue. As per the analysis by the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR), the floods may be the worst in the last four decades. Incessant heavy rainfall brought by the monsoon triggered flooding in five divisions, 31 districts, 176 Upazilas and 1,173 Unions.
Complementing Government of Bangladesh’s efforts, Humanitarian Partners are supporting the response in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) developed by the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) based on the related needs assessment prepared by the Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG). This report presents a synthesis of the main relief activities implemented in the month of July. Detailed cluster/sector responses can be requested to cluster/sector focal points indicated in the HRP.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña, extreme phases of natural climate cycles, periodically exacerbate the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental degradation, and poor land-use management also increase populations’ vulnerability to natural hazards.
This report, based on extensive research and consultations by CARE International, argues that efforts to protect and assist people caught up in natural disasters and conflict will be more effective if women can contribute.
Over the past two years, CARE interviewed over 300 women involved in humanitarian action either at a global level or in emergency responses in Jordan (to the Syria crisis) and the Philippines (to Typhoon Haiyan). Three interlinked, and widely shared, issues emerged:
At times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence increase. Reproductive health services—including prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth and emergency obstetric care—are often impacted and sometimes unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to unsafe sex leading to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and sexual exploitation. And many wom- en lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
Gaza has long been a place of desperate need, with huge challenges in all areas of civic life. Devastating escalations in violence not only destroy lives and infrastructure, but also hope and aspiration. In the midst of this, the most marginalized people are often ignored or forgotten. As part of the Within and Without the State programme, community researchers worked with women with disabilities to enable them to devise a plan for periods of crisis.
2015 Annual Narrative Report of IASC Gender Standby Capacity Project
Project Overview and Management
Overview of the GenCap Project
The GenCap Project is as an inter-agency resource, which was established in 2007 under the Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Sub-Working Group on Gender and Humanitarian Action (now the Gender Reference Group and Humanitarian Action). The Project aims to support humanitarian actors mainstream gender through three pillars:
Deployment of senior gender experts;
About 2,200 resilient houses have been reconstructed (out of 2500 planned). Among the total bene ciaries, over 10% are widows, and another 10% are female- headed households.
A new Housing Reconstruction Policy was created, outlining bene ciary eligibility, selection criteria (with special attention to widows and women headed houses), design, construction parameters, stipulations for implementation, insurance and more.
• About 68 per cent of the 148,000 still displaced by Typhoon Haima are in Region II.
• There are still 36,000 people in evacuation centres and another 112,000 people who are home-based.
• The number of damaged or destroyed houses has risen in excess of 46,000.
• Damages to agriculture and fishing have exceeded PhP646 million (US$14 million) in Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR) and Region I • The Government is leading the humanitarian response and has formally declined the Humanitarian Coordinator’s offer of assistance.
The 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan brings together 80 humanitarian partners to help 4.6 million people in need of emergency relief aid. Together these partners, of which 35 are national and 45 are international, requested US$952 million to provide multi-sectoral assistance across the country in 2016. Among the 5.8 million people identified to be in the greatest need of humanitarian assistance are 2.2 million who are internally displaced, 4.6 million who are food insecure and 1.5 million children under age five who are acutely malnourished.