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Understanding how crises affect women and men, girls and boys of different ages and disparities is critical to effective humanitarian preparedness and response. Women, girls, boys and men have distinct needs, priorities, responsibilities, limitations and protection needs. They are exposed to differential risks and vulnerabilities but also play unique and important roles in preparedness and in responding to emergencies, conflicts and building peace within their respective communities. Gender equality in humanitarian action is about better targeting and programming and therefore about effectiveness of humanitarian action reaching all segments of the affected population.

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31 Dec 2006 description

The United Nations is mandated to mainstream gender through its agencies and in all of its operations.

08 Dec 2006 description

Report produced by the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum as a contribution towards 16 days of Activism against Gender Based Violence


'Women throughout the world face systemic attacks on their human rights and chronic, routinized and legal discrimination and violence, much of it justified through cultural and religious arguments. Even where discrimination is prohibited it often persists in practice. By any reasonable measure, state failure to uphold women's rights as full and equal citizens sends an unmistakably clear message to the broader community that …

01 Dec 2006 description

Established international norms and standards promote the protection of women during armed conflict and their participation in peace and security decision-making. Two sets of standards, UN Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security (UNSCR 1325), and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), are critical tools for moving the gender equality agenda forward in conflict and postconflict situations.

01 Dec 2006 description

Education in emergencies is a critical intervention in the promotion of gender equality. It can create opportunities for girls and women for cognitive development and individual empowerment that may not have existed before. Beyond this, education opportunities can help to improve the status of women and girls in society.

01 Dec 2006 description
report UN Children's Fund

The State of the World's Children 2007 reports on the lives of women around the world for a simple reason: Gender equality and the well-being of children go hand in hand. When women are empowered to live full and productive lives, children prosper. UNICEF's experience also shows the opposite: When women are denied equal opportunity within a society, children suffer.

01 Dec 2006 description
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In the rush to provide humanitarian response when a disaster hits or a conflict erupts, the appeal to "pay attention to gender issues" often falls on deaf ears and may seem irrelevant. It is not. "Paying attention to gender issues" or putting on a "gender lens" quite simply means recognizing the different needs, capacities and contributions of women, girls, boys and men. Ignoring or being blind to these different needs can have serious implications for the protection and survival of people caught up in humanitarian crises.

31 Oct 2006 description
report Chatham House

In the first paper Mandy Turner explores the problems of promoting economic transformation in war-torn societies.

30 Sep 2006 description

This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportunities presented during times of conflict and an analysis of the role of women in traditionally male domains of peace processes, in this case, peacekeeping.

01 Sep 2006 description

The Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) is a series of actions needed to respond to the reproductive health needs of populations in the early phase of a refugee situation (which may or may not be an emergency). The MISP is not just kits of equipment and supplies; it is a set of activities that must be implemented in a coordinated manner by appropriately trained staff.
September 2006 document replaces 2003 version.

01 Sep 2006 description
report World Bank

Belying the stereotypical image of the adult male soldier, women and children fought alongside men during the decades of bloodshed that wracked the greater Great Lakes Region. Many more were dependent on fighting forces for security and
livelihood, serving as porters, sexual partners or domestic servants.

Therefore, this paper stresses that those engaged in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) initiatives in the area must ensure that they are sensitive to gender in all that they do.

01 Sep 2006 description
report UN Security Council

In his statement made on behalf of the Security Council (S/PRST/2005/52), the President of the Council welcomed the United Nations System-wide Action Plan for the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), contained in the report of the Secretary-General on women, peace and security (S/2005/636, annex).

01 Aug 2006 description

The report is based on the widely recognized issue that women and young people are the primary victims of conflict. On this regard, the working group on the Role of Women in Reconstruction and Stabilization Operations met with the following objectives

- To illustrate the critical role of women in reconstruction and stabilization operations
- To provide examples of best practices in supporting women
- To identify the existing gaps in U.S. policy and practice

31 Jul 2006 description

This paper, based on the research and findings, considers how WFP mainstreams gender and offers recommendations on enhancing mainstreaming efforts by WFP and UNHCR in the context of food security and displacement. It provides an overview of WFP's age and gender mainstreaming policies and highlights organizational efforts to implement those policies.

01 Jul 2006 description
report UN General Assembly

Resolution 58/185 provides that the study should cover all forms and manifestations of violence against women, and include the following:

(a) a statistical overview of all forms of violence against women, in order to better evaluate the scale of such violence while identifying gaps in data collection and formulating proposals for assessing the extent of the problem;
(b) the causes of violence against women, including its root causes and other contributing factors;
(c) the medium-term and long-term consequences of violence against women;

01 Jul 2006 description

A sector by sector (cluster by cluster) practical guide on how to mainstream gender in emergencies including the importance of coordination of gender issues in humanitarian response. The Handbook will set standards for gender mainstreaming in emergencies. It will provide information to improve the effectiveness of our humanitarian response.

Checklist of indicators - the basics:
- Gender analysis
- Gender balance
- Disaggregated data by sex and age
- Coordination efforts
- Participation
- International legal framework
- Education

01 Jul 2006 description

This paper presents the preliminary findings of a study on land conflicts between refugees and host communities in southwestern Uganda and their impact on refugee women's livelihoods.

30 Jun 2006 description

The Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children has been partnering with UNHCR on its global rollout of age, gender and diversity mainstreaming (AGDM) since 2004. In recognition of the significant amount of work implemented by NGO partners for and with refugee/displaced populations, this study was undertaken to identify the existence of gender and child protection policies, as well as mainstreaming policies if any, amongst UNHCR's major international and national NGO partners.

01 Jun 2006 description

This Policy Brief was presented at the Review Conference on the Implementation of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (26 June - 7 July 2006)

01 Jun 2006 description

This is the representatives of governments, the European Commission, civil society and the United Nations' "Call to Action" from the recent symposium on gender-based violence that took place in Brussels from 21 to 23 June 2006 to strengthen their shared commitment and action to prevent and respond to sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict situations.