Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
More than 30 million people in northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing severe food insecurity, of whom 20 million are at immediate risk. Continued violence in all four countries is compounding decades of under-investment in agriculture, leading to a potential catastrophe if humanitarian corridors are not opened up quickly, and aid is not increased rapidly, to prevent millions from dying of hunger. The UN has issued an urgent appeal for US$4.9 billion by July for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, but so far, only $1.9 billion has been received. (OCHA, 9 June 2017)
NIGERIA - EMERGENCY
According to OCHA (15 May 2017), 4.7 million people are estimated to be food insecure in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place. In addition, says NRC (5 May 2017), some families are so desperate for food that they have eaten their seed stocks, leaving them nothing to plant for the next growing season. Communities began to flee violence in northeast Nigeria in 2009, following relentless violence by the armed group Boko Haram. Some 1.8 million people have been displaced inside Nigeria since, and over 200,000 have fled to Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Now these countries are forcing them to return, adding to the burden of care on already very stretched resources.
SOMALIA - EMERGENCY
According to the latest reports, there is an increased risk of famine this year in some parts of Somalia. To respond to the growing needs, partners have revised the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017; it now seeks US$1.5 billion to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance in 2017. As of 11 May, donors had provided $634 million in 2017.
The number of people needing humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.7 million, up from 6.2 million, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. A total of 3.2 million people are expected to face Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity through June (OCHA, 16 May 2017).
The warnings are clear: in a worst-case scenario where, first, the 2017 Gu (April-June) season performs very poorly, second, purchasing power declines to levels seen in 2010/2011, and third, humanitarian assistance is unable to reach populations in need, famine (IPC Phase 5) is expected (FAO, 5 May 2017).
In addition, Somalia is experiencing the worst outbreak of cholera in five years, with nearly 38,000 cases and almost 683 deaths so far in 2017. With the beginning of the rainy season and projected flooding, these numbers are expected to increase to 50,000 cases by end-June. Cases of measles are also on the rise, with more than 7,000 this year, 65 per cent affecting children under-five (OCHA, 16 May 2017).
SOUTH SUDAN - EMERGENCY
Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017. The early detection of the deterioration of the food security situation into famine followed by the subsequent large-scale immediate response averted further loss of life, thus underscoring the importance of evidence based analysis and response. However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints ... In June-July 2017, in addition to approximately 45,000 people estimated to be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe, an estimated 1.7 million people are likely to be facing food security emergency (IPC Phase 4) - one-step below Famine on the IPC scale. (IPC, 21 Jun 2017).
South Sudan has now become the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis, with more than 1.8 million people – including one million children – having sought safety in Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic (WFP, UNHCR, 15 May 2017). Agencies are now seeking $1.4 billion to help South Sudanese refugees in the six neighbouring countries until the end of 2017.
YEMEN - EMERGENCY
The recent closure of all Yemeni seaports is highly concerning. Even before the current blockade, Yemen already faced the largest food security emergency in the world, with more than 15 million people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Yemen is reliant on maritime imports for more than 80 percent of its annual staple food supply. Therefore, a prolonged closure of key ports risks an unprecedented deterioration in food security to Famine (IPC Phase 5) across large areas of the country.
If all ports remain closed, or re-open but are unable to support large-scale imports of essential goods, Famine is likely in many areas of the country within three to four months. In less accessible areas with the most severe current food insecurity, Famine could emerge even more quickly. In this scenario, food availability would be severely constrained, as the potential for overland trade to offset the decline in maritime imports is extremely low. In addition, concurrent limitations on fuel imports would accelerate sharp increases in fuel and staple food prices, while the lack of imported medical supplies would jeopardize treatment options for life-threatening illness. (FEWS NET, 20 Nov 2017).
All Updates on Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Original publication Date
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
• Alarming malnutrition rates:
In the lead up to the lean season of May–July 2018, the nutrition situation is expected to deteriorate significantly as a result of unprecedented levels of food insecurity, outbreaks of diarrhea and other illness, poor infant and young feeding practices as well as limited access to services due to the heavy rains. During this period, the counties of Leer and Mayendit in Unity and Longochuk and Renk of Upper Nile are expected to reach Extreme Critical levels (IPC Phase 5) as per the IPC for Acute Malnutrition Classification (GAM ≥ 30%).
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
New York 20 June 2018
Ambassador Mohammed Al-Jaber, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Ambassador to Yemen, who is also the executive director of the Yemen Comprehensive Humanitarian Operations' Center, stressed yesterday during a meeting with the United Arab Emirates' ambassador to the Kingdom, as well as, other representatives, that the Hodaidah Port remains open and it will be a life artery for Yemenis in facilitating relief supplies; as opposed to a passage for weapons of death and destruction and means to enrich the Iranian-backed Houthi militias.
What is FFA?
The most food-insecure people often live in fragile and degraded landscapes and areas prone to recurrent natural shocks and other risks.
Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) is one of the WFP’s flagship initiatives aimed at addressing most food-insecure people’s immediate food needs with cash, voucher or food transfers and improving their long-term food security and resilience.
The Wau PoC area adjacent to UNMISS was established in June 2016, following violence in Site location and around Wau town, making it the most recently established PoC in South Sudan. In April 2017, an outbreak of violence resulted in a major influx, at which point IOM conducted an exercise to biometric register IDPs for food assistance, which recorded the population at 39,156. As of May 2018, the population now stands at 20,373.
The Wau collective sites were established in June 2016 following violent clashes in and around Wau town. Currently there are four Collective Centers, Cathedral, Nazareth, Lokoloko and St. Joseph. Since then the protection centres have been protecting thousands of people. A fifth collective site, ECS was established in February 2017 hosting IDPs mainly from Jur River following clashes in the area. In April 2017, all IDPs were evicted from ECS and the site closed, with some IDPs being moved to Masna, 7km south of Wau town.
South Sudan has a sporadic and inconsistent phone network inaccessible in many parts of the country. Radios and televisions are rare. Villages are spread out and isolated. The ability to share messages with the population of South Sudan is severely hindered by the lack of infrastructure and difficult terrain. This context creates a challenging situation for Medair as it works to not only provide services but to also encourage change and build resilience at the household level.
Riyadh, June 19 (BNA): King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center continued to distribute food baskets to needy families in the camps of displaced persons in Al-Khawkhah District and Hays District in Hodeidah Governorate, benefiting 720 individuals of the total allocation of 22,273 food baskets for the Governorate.
The distribution comes within the framework of humanitarian projects being provided by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, represented by the Center, for the Yemeni people, which have so far reached 262 projects.
In May 2018, tens of thousands of people were displaced as a result of continued clashes in several parts of Unity, including Mayom, Rubkona, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayendit. The people of Leer County suffered the worst of the fighting, with over 40,000 people reported to be displaced to the swampy areas of Meer, Pap, Kok, Dir and Toch-Riak. Partners continued to report the burning down of villages, looting, indiscriminate killings and sexual violence. In Central Equatoria, sporadic fighting was reported outside Yei town.
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 19 June 2018
The Commission has announced today €68 million in humanitarian assistance for vulnerable communities in Sudan and South Sudan.
The funding comes as millions of people across both countries are in need of assistance, with the conflict in South Sudan triggering an influx of refugees into neighbouring Sudan.
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It is issued by the OCHA Yemen office. The next report will be issued when additional information on the emergency becomes available.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
• Heavy fighting and airstrikes are continuing in several locations in Al Hudaydah City and southern districts. The frontlines remained largely static in the past forty-eight hours.
• Risk that some warehouses outside Al Hudaydah City could become inaccessible. Agencies relocating stocks.
HIGHLIGHTS (MAY 2018) OF ADAMAWA STATE HEALTH SECTOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
Ongoing Cholera outbreak in Mubi North and Mubi South LGA of Adamawa State
NHF capacity building for local NGOs by OCHA
Joint supervision and monitoring visit to NYSC host community in Girei LGA and Malkohi host community in Yola South LGAs
Updates on the Operational Health Sector Working Group meeting (OHSWG) and MOFCOM Meeting in Mubi North LGA
Epidemiological updates of diseases
Canada’s unique commitment to addressing humanitarian needs in protracted crises
Our partner Reverend Andrew from the Diocese of Wau in South Sudan has reported an outbreak of violence in the Western Bahr el Ghazal region. On June 12th 2018, conflict broke out between the rebels and government soldiers, violating a ceasefire that has been repeatedly breached since it came into effect in mid-2014. The conflict has displaced thousands of people across three counties, Roch Roch dong, Kuajiena and Bagari.
Women and girls received sanitary materials.
Classrooms for Soba Secondary School in Ajuong Thok camp completed.
Refugees verified in Upper Nile.
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN
Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 May 2018.
IDPs in South Sudan including 203,723 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites as of 24 May 2018
(MissionNewswire) The One Hundred Village Schools project launched in South Sudan in 2012 by the Salesian missionary office Don Bosco Nanum, based in Seoul, South Korea, has been a great success. To date, 74 elementary schools have been built and nearly 15,000 children have been impacted. These children are now engaged in education and gaining the foundational skills needed for higher learning.
• Currency Exchange Rate: The South Sudanese Pound (SSP) continued to depreciate. In April 2018, the average exchange rate of one US Dollar in Juba was 276 SSP on the parallel market, while the official rate was 136 SSP, compared to 241 SSP and 133 SSP in the previous month. The divergence between the official and parallel market exchange rate thus reached a new high of 101 percent, since the 2016 currency devaluation.
HUDEIDAH, 17th June, 2018 (WAM) – The Emirates Red Crescent yesterday began the distribution of urgent humanitarian supplies to civilians in the liberated areas of Hudeidah, announced H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler's Representative in Al Dhafra Region, Chairman of the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC.
The distribution of humanitarian aid in Hodeidah's liberated areas aims to ease the suffering of the Yemeni civilians who continue to face severe economic hardship under the occupation of the Houthi militia.