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Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

More than 30 million people in northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing severe food insecurity, of whom 20 million are at immediate risk. Continued violence in all four countries is compounding decades of under-investment in agriculture, leading to a potential catastrophe if humanitarian corridors are not opened up quickly, and aid is not increased rapidly, to prevent millions from dying of hunger. The UN has issued an urgent appeal for US$4.9 billion by July for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, but so far, only $1.9 billion has been received. (OCHA, 9 June 2017)

NIGERIA - EMERGENCY

According to OCHA (15 May 2017), 4.7 million people are estimated to be food insecure in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place. In addition, says NRC (5 May 2017), some families are so desperate for food that they have eaten their seed stocks, leaving them nothing to plant for the next growing season. Communities began to flee violence in northeast Nigeria in 2009, following relentless violence by the armed group Boko Haram. Some 1.8 million people have been displaced inside Nigeria since, and over 200,000 have fled to Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Now these countries are forcing them to return, adding to the burden of care on already very stretched resources.

SOMALIA - EMERGENCY

According to the latest reports, there is an increased risk of famine this year in some parts of Somalia. To respond to the growing needs, partners have revised the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017; it now seeks US$1.5 billion to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance in 2017. As of 11 May, donors had provided $634 million in 2017.

The number of people needing humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.7 million, up from 6.2 million, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. A total of 3.2 million people are expected to face Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity through June (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

The warnings are clear: in a worst-case scenario where, first, the 2017 Gu (April-June) season performs very poorly, second, purchasing power declines to levels seen in 2010/2011, and third, humanitarian assistance is unable to reach populations in need, famine (IPC Phase 5) is expected (FAO, 5 May 2017).

In addition, Somalia is experiencing the worst outbreak of cholera in five years, with nearly 38,000 cases and almost 683 deaths so far in 2017. With the beginning of the rainy season and projected flooding, these numbers are expected to increase to 50,000 cases by end-June. Cases of measles are also on the rise, with more than 7,000 this year, 65 per cent affecting children under-five (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

SOUTH SUDAN - EMERGENCY

Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017. The early detection of the deterioration of the food security situation into famine followed by the subsequent large-scale immediate response averted further loss of life, thus underscoring the importance of evidence based analysis and response. However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints ... In June-July 2017, in addition to approximately 45,000 people estimated to be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe, an estimated 1.7 million people are likely to be facing food security emergency (IPC Phase 4) - one-step below Famine on the IPC scale. (IPC, 21 Jun 2017).

South Sudan has now become the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis, with more than 1.8 million people – including one million children – having sought safety in Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic (WFP, UNHCR, 15 May 2017). Agencies are now seeking $1.4 billion to help South Sudanese refugees in the six neighbouring countries until the end of 2017.

YEMEN - EMERGENCY

The recent closure of all Yemeni seaports is highly concerning. Even before the current blockade, Yemen already faced the largest food security emergency in the world, with more than 15 million people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Yemen is reliant on maritime imports for more than 80 percent of its annual staple food supply. Therefore, a prolonged closure of key ports risks an unprecedented deterioration in food security to Famine (IPC Phase 5) across large areas of the country.

If all ports remain closed, or re-open but are unable to support large-scale imports of essential goods, Famine is likely in many areas of the country within three to four months. In less accessible areas with the most severe current food insecurity, Famine could emerge even more quickly. In this scenario, food availability would be severely constrained, as the potential for overland trade to offset the decline in maritime imports is extremely low. In addition, concurrent limitations on fuel imports would accelerate sharp increases in fuel and staple food prices, while the lack of imported medical supplies would jeopardize treatment options for life-threatening illness. (FEWS NET, 20 Nov 2017).

All Updates on Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

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24 Feb 2018 description

13,698 Refugees received non-food items during the reporting period.

2,498 Refugee new arrivals registered in Unity during the reporting period

9,142 Refugees reached with human rights awareness campaign during the reporting period

KEY FIGURES

INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN

286,256 Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 January 2018.

1.9 million IDPs in South Sudan including 204,247 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites as of 12 February 2018

22 Feb 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • At least 20 deaths, 70 injuries reported following February 16 attack in northeastern Nigeria

  • An estimated 1.63 million people remained displaced in northeastern Nigeria as of February 2

  • Chad HRP aims to reach more than 330,000 people in Lac Region in 2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

22 Feb 2018 description

The humanitarian emergency across the Lake Chad basin is one of the world’s most severe. This year, around 10.7 million people need relief assistance to survive. The near-decade-long conflict has wilted livelihoods, entire communities have been emptied and civilians continue to suffer frequent rights violations. Insecurity is deterring resumption of normal life in many localities.

22 Feb 2018 description

RIYADH / 6 Jumada II 1439H (22 February 2018) – One month has passed since the Saudi-led Coalition to Restore Legitimacy in Yemen announced the launch of the Yemen Comprehensive Humanitarian Operations (YCHO), an expanded relief program committing billions of dollars in aid and support for Yemen. The achievements of the YCHO in this short time are already manifest.

The Coalition has taken several measures to facilitate aid flows to Yemen under the YCHO, including:

  • Opening the land crossings at AlKhadra, AlTuwal and AlWadea;

22 Feb 2018 description

Key Highlights:

  • 2,113 asylum seekers registered in Cross River State from 7-19 February - bringing to 16,790, the total number of people registered since the influx started in September 2017. Women and children still account for more than 75 per cent of those registered.

22 Feb 2018 description
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IMPACT ON WOMEN AND GIRLS

Yemeni civilians have been bearing the brunt of a conflict that led to the collapse of the economy and social services, and to the severe disruption of livelihoods in the three years since its escalation, making Yemen the largest humanitarian crisis in the world.

22 Feb 2018 description
report Government of Yemen
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Introduction

Yemenis have bid farewell to 2017 with sad memories of crises and tragedies that happened throughout the year and affected lands and people in Yemen. However, we are receiving 2018 with a glimmer of hope in our hearts that peace will be achieved and all Yemenis will smile again.

22 Feb 2018 description
report IRIN

Forced off their land by drought, rural families face a precarious existence in Mogadishu

Displaced by drought and conflict, rural Somalis have been heading to Mogadishu in their tens of thousands. They get no safety or support and are increasingly targeted for forced evictions, but they are still coming.

After yet another bad rainy season at the end of last year, Amina Muse abandoned her four-hectare farm in Qorylooley, a small village in southern Somalia.

21 Feb 2018 description

Could tackling climate change help bring peace to South Sudan?

By Adela Suliman

The world's youngest nation, South Sudan, has been embroiled in war and conflict for years.

The oil-rich nation - which won independence from Sudan in 2011 - descended into civil war in 2013, with tens of thousands of people killed and a third of the population forced to flee their homes.

21 Feb 2018 description
report World Vision

KEY MESSAGES

• Millions of people are at increased risk of famine or catastrophe in South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia. FEWSnet, an international early warning system, stated that South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia could be looking at famine or catastrophic levels of food insecurity in various parts of their countries in the new year due to climate change, conflict and political instability.

21 Feb 2018 description
report World Vision

SITUATION HIGHLIGHTS

  • 7 million people in need of humanitarian and protection services
  • 5.7 million people in need of food security and livelihood assistance
  • 5.6 million people in need of water, sanitation and hygiene services
  • 1.1 million children under-5 projected to be malnourished
  • 4 Million+ people displaced due to conflict since 2013
  • 1.8 Million children require education support
  • 5.1 Million people require health support

KEY MESSAGES

21 Feb 2018 description

The United Nations Security Council should break its eight-month silence on Yemen by demanding a complete lifting of the blockade and cessation of hostilities, the Norwegian Refugee Council said.
The United Kingdom has proposed a presidential statement on the situation in Yemen which the Security Council will discuss this week. While Security Council resolutions are binding on all member-states, presidential statements are not.

21 Feb 2018 description

They are a valuable source of food, for bartering, as a dowry for marriage as well as demonstrating the wealth and power of those who own them. Five years of civil war have devastated the farming sector with cattle herders losing many of their stock to malnutrition and disease.

21 Feb 2018 description

MOCHA, 17th February, 2018 (WAM) -- With great support and effort of the UAE Armed Forces, the teams of the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, are continuing their efforts to provide relief to the fraternal people of Yemen through the distribution of 2,000 food baskets and basic commodities, as part of the ongoing distribution campaign to the population of Mocha Directorate on the Red Sea Coast.

21 Feb 2018 description
report Caritas

More than 25,000 refugees have travelled across the border from Cameroon to Nigeria and dozens continue to arrive every week.

Caritas Nigeria is appealing for urgent support to fight an emerging humanitarian crisis as a growing number of refugees have been forced to flee political upheaval and armed conflict in neighbouring Cameroon.

“The situation is dire,” said Fr Evaristus Bassey, director of Caritas Nigeria. “According to some of the refugees, they escaped on bush paths with only the clothes they were wearing.”

20 Feb 2018 description

The Somalia Drought Impact and Needs Assessment (DINA), a process led by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS), with technical and financial support by the World Bank (WB), United Nations (UN) and European Union (EU), aims to reduce the country’s vulnerability to climate shocks, strengthen resilience and significantly reduce the future risk of famine in Somalia.