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Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

More than 30 million people in northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing severe food insecurity, of whom 20 million are at immediate risk. Continued violence in all four countries is compounding decades of under-investment in agriculture, leading to a potential catastrophe if humanitarian corridors are not opened up quickly, and aid is not increased rapidly, to prevent millions from dying of hunger. The UN has issued an urgent appeal for US$4.9 billion by July for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, but so far, only $1.9 billion has been received. (OCHA, 9 June 2017)

NIGERIA - EMERGENCY

According to OCHA (15 May 2017), 4.7 million people are estimated to be food insecure in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place. In addition, says NRC (5 May 2017), some families are so desperate for food that they have eaten their seed stocks, leaving them nothing to plant for the next growing season. Communities began to flee violence in northeast Nigeria in 2009, following relentless violence by the armed group Boko Haram. Some 1.8 million people have been displaced inside Nigeria since, and over 200,000 have fled to Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Now these countries are forcing them to return, adding to the burden of care on already very stretched resources.

SOMALIA - EMERGENCY

According to the latest reports, there is an increased risk of famine this year in some parts of Somalia. To respond to the growing needs, partners have revised the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017; it now seeks US$1.5 billion to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance in 2017. As of 11 May, donors had provided $634 million in 2017.

The number of people needing humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.7 million, up from 6.2 million, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. A total of 3.2 million people are expected to face Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity through June (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

The warnings are clear: in a worst-case scenario where, first, the 2017 Gu (April-June) season performs very poorly, second, purchasing power declines to levels seen in 2010/2011, and third, humanitarian assistance is unable to reach populations in need, famine (IPC Phase 5) is expected (FAO, 5 May 2017).

In addition, Somalia is experiencing the worst outbreak of cholera in five years, with nearly 38,000 cases and almost 683 deaths so far in 2017. With the beginning of the rainy season and projected flooding, these numbers are expected to increase to 50,000 cases by end-June. Cases of measles are also on the rise, with more than 7,000 this year, 65 per cent affecting children under-five (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

SOUTH SUDAN - EMERGENCY

Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017. The early detection of the deterioration of the food security situation into famine followed by the subsequent large-scale immediate response averted further loss of life, thus underscoring the importance of evidence based analysis and response. However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints ... In June-July 2017, in addition to approximately 45,000 people estimated to be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe, an estimated 1.7 million people are likely to be facing food security emergency (IPC Phase 4) - one-step below Famine on the IPC scale. (IPC, 21 Jun 2017).

South Sudan has now become the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis, with more than 1.8 million people – including one million children – having sought safety in Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic (WFP, UNHCR, 15 May 2017). Agencies are now seeking $1.4 billion to help South Sudanese refugees in the six neighbouring countries until the end of 2017.

YEMEN - EMERGENCY

The recent closure of all Yemeni seaports is highly concerning. Even before the current blockade, Yemen already faced the largest food security emergency in the world, with more than 15 million people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Yemen is reliant on maritime imports for more than 80 percent of its annual staple food supply. Therefore, a prolonged closure of key ports risks an unprecedented deterioration in food security to Famine (IPC Phase 5) across large areas of the country.

If all ports remain closed, or re-open but are unable to support large-scale imports of essential goods, Famine is likely in many areas of the country within three to four months. In less accessible areas with the most severe current food insecurity, Famine could emerge even more quickly. In this scenario, food availability would be severely constrained, as the potential for overland trade to offset the decline in maritime imports is extremely low. In addition, concurrent limitations on fuel imports would accelerate sharp increases in fuel and staple food prices, while the lack of imported medical supplies would jeopardize treatment options for life-threatening illness. (FEWS NET, 20 Nov 2017).

All Updates on Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

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24 Oct 2018 description

Action Against Hunger, This Bar Saves Lives, and The UK Department for International Development Announce Cross-sector Collaboration; Open to New Partners on World Food Day

23 Oct 2018 description

New York, 23 October 2018

As delivered

Thank you, Mr. President.

On 21 September, I warned you we were losing the fight against famine in Yemen.

Since then, the situation has got worse.

That is why, as required in Security Council resolution 2417, which you adopted in May this year, we issued the White Note circulated late last week. In line with our obligations under your resolution, my briefing today focuses on the risk of famine.

Mr President,

23 Oct 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Post-gu assessment indicates improved food security conditions across Somalia

• Armed groups attack civilians, recruit children, and restrict relief operations

• Forced evictions impact approximately 204,000 people in 2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

23 Oct 2018 description

Background

The Lake Chad Basin humanitarian emergency is among the most severe in the world. The protracted conflict has uprooted around 2.5 million people, stoked high levels of hunger and malnutrition, and subjected millions of civilians to extreme hardship. Insecurity is hampering the resumption of normal life, leaving conflict-affected families dependent on humanitarian assistance for survival.

Recent Developments

23 Oct 2018 description

Regional Highlights

  • Donors pledge $2.17 billion for assistance
  • Region faces worst cholera outbreak since 2010
  • Rains complicate aid access in Cameroon’s Far North
  • Malnutrition surpass emergency threshold in much of Chad

Situation Overview

WORST CHOLERA EPIDEMIC IN EIGHT YEARS

23 Oct 2018 description

MHU Accomplishments

The IOM Migration Health Unit (MHU) provided life-saving medical care and emergency response via seven static clinics and six mobile clinics in the states of Western Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile, and Unity. HIV and AIDS prevention activities were conducted in 18 sites across the ten states of South Sudan.

MHU Q3 HIGHLIGHTS

56,151 consultations provided in 7 IOM static clinics in PoC sites and collective centres

17,356 children under 5 years provided with nutritional screenings

23 Oct 2018 description

Repeated attacks against farmers risk aggravating the food crisis in Northeast Nigeria. Farmers must be protected so they can cultivate their lands and return to their families alive, urged the Norwegian Refugee Council today. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is horrified by the killing of at least 12 farmers in Kalle village, Borno state, Northeast Nigeria this weekend.

"The level of violence registered lately in Northeast Nigeria is alarming.

23 Oct 2018 description

Par le Centre d’études stratégiques de l’Afrique

19 octobre 2018

Les conflits sont un facteur central de la géographie de l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique. Plus un conflit se poursuit, plus l'acuité de cette insécurité s'aggrave.

23 Oct 2018 description

Movements

Arrivals: 2,112 individuals Departures: 373 individuals

New Arrival Screening by Nutrition Partners

199 Children (6-59 months) screened for malnutrition

23 Oct 2018 description

By Erika Tovar Gonzalez, Media Delegate, ICRC South Sudan

JUBA, South Sudan—The landscape below is a collage of blue and green, rivers bleeding into swamps. It is hard to imagine how people could have survived here for the last three months after clashes made it impossible for humanitarian organizations to reach them.

22 Oct 2018 description

Situation

  • After more than four years of civil conflict, South Sudan remains one of the most food-insecure countries in the world. The IPC Technical Working Group (TWG) reported that a record 6.1 million people required food assistance in the July–August peak of the lean season, nearly 60 percent of the country’s population. Widespread conflict continues to undermine food security, as well as displacing communities, disrupting livelihood activities and impeding humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.

22 Oct 2018 description
report ACTED

ACTED provides essential water trucking and cash for food to needy displaced families in Al Dhale’e governorate.

22 Oct 2018 description

20 Families reunified in Western Equatoria

1,110 metres Of new water pipeline and distribution networks extended in Pamir

4,889 Refugees reached with hygiene and sanitation messages in Central Equatoria

KEY FIGURES

INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN

300,137 Refugees inside South Sudan as of 30 September 2018.

1.84 million IDPs in South Sudan including 197,996 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites as of 14 September 2018.