Accountability on GBV in Emergencies
The Real-Time Accountability Partnership
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a widespread and well-recognised threat to the health, well-being, opportunities and lives of women and girls worldwide. The risks and realities of GBV are greatly exacerbated when a disaster strikes. Recognising the need for broad-based, fast and mutually responsible action to address GBV prevention and response in humanitarian responses, six key global-level humanitarian agencies - the International Rescue Committee (IRC), OCHA, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNHCR, and USAID’s Office of United States Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) - have formed the Real-Time Accountability Partnership (RTAP).
The RTAP aims to ensure that all individuals, particularly women and girls, are free from the threat of GBV. The RTAP's goal is that all actors prioritise and coordinate GBV response services and integrate GBV prevention across sectors from the outset of an emergency. The centrepiece of RTAP is the Action Framework.
To promote system-wide accountability for GBV prevention and response in emergencies, RTAP members have outlined roles, responsibilities and actions related to prioritisation of GBV that should be taken during an emergency, captured in the RTAP Action Framework. These actions fall within the responsibility of donors, humanitarian coordinators, humanitarian country teams, GBV coordination leads, agencies with responsibility to mainstream GBV, and entities with specialised GBV programming and expertise. The Action Framework is predicated upon a baseline assessment of GBV programming in ﬁve country-based humanitarian responses as well as existing international guidelines, best practice, and learning from the RTAP baseline assessment carried out in 2016.
Iraq on Accountability on GBV in Emergencies
Luisa Dietrich, Gender & Conflict Analyst Simone E. Carter, Research & Assessment Coordinator MAY 2017
This gender and conflict analysis of ISIS-affected communities of Iraq aims to improve understanding of gender dynamics in the context of conflict and displacement. This report sets out to identify the differential impact of ISIS occupation on women, girls, men and boys in order to explore shifts in prevailing gender norms held by study participants in Anbar, Salah Al Din and Nineveh governorates of Iraq.
Erbil, Iraq, 12, May, 2017 – On Sunday, 14th May 2017, UN Women, the UN agency for gender equality and the empowerment of women, will co-launch in partnership with Oxfam and the Akfar Society, the gender and conflict analysis in ISIL affected communities in Iraq. This analysis has been made possible with generous support from the Japanese Government through UN Women’s LEAP Program, a program that supports livelihood, resilience, safe spaces, protection services and legal aid for women IDPs, returnees, and individuals in host communities.
Gender plays an important role in the humanitarian response for the Mosul crisis due to family separation, stigmatisation of survivors of gender based violence (GBV) and their children , lack of access to education and employment particularly for women and girls from prior to the Mosul crisis, IDPs being confined to camps and the severe gendered psychological impact for women, men, boys and girls previously under armed group occupation.
Baghdad/Erbil, Iraq, 28 November 2016 – Under the theme “From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Step Up for Freedom and Equality”, the United Nations in cooperation with the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government launched the 16 days of Activism campaign against gender-based violence in Iraq. The campaign was launched in Baghdad on 26 November 2016 under the auspices of H.E. Haider Al-Abadi, the Prime Minister of Iraq. Speaking on behalf of the Prime Minister, Dr.
Erbil, 28 September 2016 – With the support of the Government of Japan, the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) have successfully completed the first of two specialized training courses aimed at “Improving the Impact, Effectiveness, and Gender Sensitivity of the Community Police Directorate in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq”.
Iraq - IOM Iraq’s recently released report “A Gendered Perspective: Safety, Dignity and Privacy of Camp and Camp-like Settings in Iraq” provides insight into the situation of displaced Iraqis and the differentiated impact of displacement on women, girls, men and boys.
Iraq - In 2015 IOM distributed over 74,000 lifesaving non-food item (NFI) kits as one component of IOM’s on-going response to the continuing humanitarian crisis in Iraq. These NFI distributions assisted over 427,000 vulnerable internally displaced persons (IDPs) across Iraq’s 18 governorates.