Samoa: Cyclone Ofa - Feb 1990
Samoa's nine islands lay in an area prone to tropical cyclones. In 1990 and 1991, despite a less than a one-in-a-hundred-years probability, Samoa experienced two catastrophic cyclones, Ofa and Val, with winds in excess of 200 kilometers per hour. The impact was disastrous-causing more than US$500 million dollars in damage, sweeping whole villages out to sea, wrecking critical infrastructure and flooding the capital, Apia. They destroyed 80 percent of crops and around 60 percent of coral reefs and coastal fishing grounds.
CYCLONE 'OFA' - WESTERN SAMOA
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 1
6 FEBRUARY 1990
1. FROM 1 TO 4 FEBRUARY, CYCLONE 'OFA' HIT WESTERN SAMOA AND ENTIRE REGIONS ARE AFFECTED. ELECTRICITY AND TELECOMMUNICATION CUT OFF, WATER SUPPLY INTERRUPTED IN MOST AREAS AND SOME PORTIONS OF ROADS COMPLETELY WASHED AWAY. TWO AIR STRIPS IN SAVAII ARE DAMAGED AND TRANSPORTATION BETWEEN UPOLU, SAVAII AND PAGO PAGO ISLANDS HAS NOT RESUMED AT THIS MOMENT.