Zimbabwe WASH Cluster Emergency Sitrep - 09 Mar 2009

Reporting Period: 23rd Feb - 8th March, 2009 (two week period)

This report only covers issues regarding WASH matters during the reporting period and cumulatively since the onset of the emergency. Information sent by WASH cluster members from Monday to Sunday of each week is reflected. More detailed reports are attached in the appendix. The SitRep is to be used as a vehicle of information exchange among partners and with other agencies. As of the Feb. 10th, 2009 SitRep, situation issues and partner activities will be summarized primarily from the Zimbabwe WASH Cluster WWWW IM tools.

CHOLERA SITUATION - OVERVIEW for the two week period

Cholera cases increased to 89,018 and deaths increased to 4,011. Case fatality rate decreased by 0.11 to 4.5. The last two weeks have seen a steady decline in both cases and deaths.

Emerging Issues & Observations

- Thousands of NFIs (basic hygiene kit) have been arriving in country and delivered by UNICEF to warehouses in Beitbridge, Mutare and Harare as well as directly to some NGOs. Implementing partners are now distributing to households in priority districts - Guruve, Mount Darwin, Mutare, Binga to date, with further scaling up planned for coming weeks.

- Borehole drilling continues with earnest in Harare which will be completed this week. Rigs will then move to Chegutu.

- WASH activities stepped up in Harare, Mt Darwin (GOAL), Binga and Kariba (Save the Children), Buhera (Mercy Corps), Chinhoyi (GAA), Chitungwiza and Epworth (Oxfam GB), Gokwe North (Christian Care), Makonde (GAA), Mudzi (Oxfam), Mutare Urban (Mercy Corps). See WWWW.

Social Mobilisation

- This working group feels it is still necessary to ensure ORS are available at household level while continuing to promote salt and sugar solution. The number of community deaths warrants this intervention. ORS points should also be established where possible, as complementary areas for rehydration.

- The group is now recommending 45 water purification tablets per month for a family as being more realistic and catering for slightly more than 20-25 litres of water per day However NFI kits will continue with 30 for a month until more stocks can be acquired. Families should be encouraged not to use treated water for general use.

- Phasing out incentives for volunteers is not recommended as yet, as it is expected fewer volunteers will be required in the coming months.

WWWW WASH tool version 4

Version 4 of the District tool was released on Monday, to all partners who contribute. This last two weeks saw the best response to date. The appendix this week is cumulative, and shows the WASH response activities for 52 districts. A new Harare map of neighbourhoods is now available to better locate WASH activities. A second weekly summary of activities will be produced this Friday, along with other statistics of the WASH response since the onset of the emergency. Note that this week's version does not include Harare activities as there have been challenges with the new format for the city.

For further information, please contact:

Ben Henson
WASH Cluster Coordinator
mobile: +263 (0) 912513758
email: bhenson@unicef.org

Penninah Mathenge
WASH Cluster Co-lead (Oxfam GB)
Mobile : +263 (0)912 437 566