Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe WASH Cluster Emergency Sitrep - 03 Feb 2009

Attachments

Reporting Period: 26th Jan - 2nd Feb, 2009

This report only covers main points and issues regarding WASH matters during the reporting period. Information sent by WASH cluster members by the 3rd of February, 2009 is captured. More detailed reports by each partner may be shared as requested.

CHOLERA SITUATION - OVERVIEW for the week

- Government of Zimbabwe announced the handover of Water / Sanitation for urban areas from ZINWA to local Government Councils; hopefully the handover will be carried out smoothly, but could present even further challenges in the short term.

- National cholera cases increased by 8,578, and deaths increased by 324. Case fatality rate decreased by 0.2.1

- National projected cases were increased by 35,000 - 55,000, as Jan 29th saw the number of Cholera cases breach the 60,000 worst case projections.

ISSUES

- The current WASH situation in Bulawayo "is a recipe for disaster" and currently UNICEF is facilitating the development of an EPREP to respond to the evolving situation. The 2 water treatment plants have remained operational ensuring the city of continuous clean water supply.

- Kadoma/Mashonaland West - MSF Holland Report 01/28/2009 - The heaviest week since the beginning of the outbreak on 14/11/08, a total of 1752 new cases is indicative of contaminated water as the source of infection. The biggest number of patients keeps coming from Rimuka an area with a particularly bad water and sanitation situation.

- Beitbridge, Chivi and Chiredzi report high cases, and WASH assessments or activities requested by C4.

- Bindura - Still challenges being faced in hygiene education campaigns; DAPP assisting in hygiene promotion; more partners needed to be involved in cholera control activities in Bindura district, and report a lack of purified water; Lack of resources such as transport and the fuel to use, for most vehicles are down and they need maintainance; Lack of communication from camps to commanding centres; Insufficient cholera kits in camps.

- Zinwa has not been able to supply water to the hospital and Mutoko growth point since December 2008 due to a ZESA fault.

- Mutoko - There are no water storage containers at the hospital CTC and no adequate water as evidenced by heaps of unwashed linen.

- Nyanga - Pending NFIs request from UNICEF slowing timely implementation of the community based planned PHHP activities mentioned above.

- Gokwe South - There is a gradual increase in re-infection cases, hence the need to disinfect households.

- Gokwe North - Lack of support for MoH in staff and logistics- fuel, medicines and staff.