Zimbabwe: Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) 2014 Rural Livelihoods Assessment Results


Key Findings

  • There is a decline in the proportion of food insecure households in all quarters compared to 2013/14.

  • Compared to last year the rate of increase from the 1st to the 2nd quarter was slower(0.68(2013/14) and 0.70(2012/13) but will become faster from 2nd to 3rd (0.53) and 0.47 last year and 3rd to 4th quarter(0.41) compared to 0.31 last year.

  • While the prevalence of fever (34%), diarrhoea (18%), cough (47%) and severe wasting (0.7%) in children under five years were almost the same in May 2014 as they were in May last year, the prevalence of moderately wasted children decreased from 2.6% in May last year to 1.8% in May 2014.
    Prevalence of severe wasting levels of 2.2% in Midlands and of moderate wasting of 2.7% in Mashonaland Central require urgent attention.

Key Recommendatios

  • Despite 30% of the rural households’ dependant on untreated water sources for their domestic water supply, less than 14% of the households treat their water before use. Furthermore, open defection continues to be a common practice for about 40% of rural households. This situation renders a significant proportion of the households vulnerable to water borne diseases, such as diarrhoea and typhoid.

  • Efforts to improve the water and sanitation situation in all rural provinces appear to have been negligible over the past five years and need urgent attention.

  • Average household income for April 2014 was USD 111 from USD95 in April 2013, an increase of about 20%. But casual labour, food crop production and sales, remittances and vegetable production and sales remained the most common household incomes sources in the two years.

  • Income levels should be the central focus of poverty reduction interventions in the rural areas.

  • Seasonal food assistance should prioritise districts projected to have the highest levels of food insecurity prevalence:

  • The assumptions on the household projected food security situation should be monitored to inform necessary adjustments to the food security projections as the consumption year progresses.


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