Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe: Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) 2014 Rural Livelihoods Assessment Results

Attachments

Key Findings

  • There is a decline in the proportion of food insecure households in all quarters compared to 2013/14.

  • Compared to last year the rate of increase from the 1st to the 2nd quarter was slower(0.68(2013/14) and 0.70(2012/13) but will become faster from 2nd to 3rd (0.53) and 0.47 last year and 3rd to 4th quarter(0.41) compared to 0.31 last year.

  • While the prevalence of fever (34%), diarrhoea (18%), cough (47%) and severe wasting (0.7%) in children under five years were almost the same in May 2014 as they were in May last year, the prevalence of moderately wasted children decreased from 2.6% in May last year to 1.8% in May 2014.
    Prevalence of severe wasting levels of 2.2% in Midlands and of moderate wasting of 2.7% in Mashonaland Central require urgent attention.

Key Recommendatios

  • Despite 30% of the rural households’ dependant on untreated water sources for their domestic water supply, less than 14% of the households treat their water before use. Furthermore, open defection continues to be a common practice for about 40% of rural households. This situation renders a significant proportion of the households vulnerable to water borne diseases, such as diarrhoea and typhoid.

  • Efforts to improve the water and sanitation situation in all rural provinces appear to have been negligible over the past five years and need urgent attention.

  • Average household income for April 2014 was USD 111 from USD95 in April 2013, an increase of about 20%. But casual labour, food crop production and sales, remittances and vegetable production and sales remained the most common household incomes sources in the two years.

  • Income levels should be the central focus of poverty reduction interventions in the rural areas.

  • Seasonal food assistance should prioritise districts projected to have the highest levels of food insecurity prevalence:

  • The assumptions on the household projected food security situation should be monitored to inform necessary adjustments to the food security projections as the consumption year progresses.

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.