Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Humanitarian Situation Report Issue no. 10, Aug 2006

Attachments

HIGHLIGHTS

Consolidated Appeal (CAP) for Zimbabwe 2006 is now 47% funded, which accounts for approximately US$122 million (see tables on page 6)

2007 Consolidated Appeals Process off to a good start (see section IV)

HIV prevalence rate goes down again in 2 years (see section III under HIV&AIDS and map on p7)

I. ESSENTIAL STATISTICS/DATA

11,750 million country population in 10 provinces, with 61 districts (CSO)

2.4 million people affected in varying degrees and 700,000 people lost shelter, livelihoods due to Operation Restore Order/Murambatsvina of May . July 2005 (UNSG Special Envoy's Report on Zimbabwe, 18/07/05 . figures disputed in the GoZ response.)

18.1% HIV prevalence rate, down from 20.1%; (Zimbabwe Demographic Health Survey 2005/6)

- 1.6 million people of all ages are HIV infected (MoHCW, National Estimates 2005).

- 1.3 million children orphaned by 2003, about 1 million due to AIDS (UNICEF)

993,6 % inflation rate down from 1,184% in June for the second successive month (CSO)

70-80% unemployment rate

Z$96,000 (US$384) Poverty Datum Line (PDL) (CSO)

II. FUNDING

The United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$1 million to Zimbabwe from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) as part of the second round of funding for "under-funded emergencies".

On 23 August, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Country Team discussed the new CERF allocation and agreed on the following sectoral priorities: health, water/sanitation, shelter and food. In this context, the IASC Country Team recommended grants of US$250,000 for each of the following CAP projects:

WHO: "Procurement of vital drugs and medical supplies" (ZIM-06/H17) or "Procurement of ARVs and laboratory reagents" (CAP project no. ZIM-06/H12)

UNICEF: "Provision of emergency safe water supply, sanitation and hygiene education to targeted vulnerable populations in urban and rural areas". (ZIM-06/WS07) (This project will be adjusted also to include the provision of water to refugees in Tongogara Camp)

IOM: "Emergency Provision of Temporary Shelter and Related Humanitarian Assistance to Destitute Households Affected by Operation Murambatsvina/Restore Order" (ZIM-06/S/NF01)

WFP: "Targeted food support for vulnerable groups" (ZIM-06/F01)

On 10 August, the Japanese Government donated US$89,200 to World Vision Zimbabwe in support of the organization=A1=AFs CAP 2006 project for Emergency Water Supply and Sanitation. The funding will be used for the rehabilitation of boreholes and purchase of 32 bush pumps in high-density areas of Bulawayo; the training of 32 water point monitors and six water point Users Committees and hygiene promotion activities.

The drop in the inflation rate is generally seen by the humanitarian community as a positive development though it remains high. Perched at 993%, the index is under pressure from ever-increasing prices of fuel and basic commodities and the general weakening of the local currency. The floating of official exchange rate that is decided by the central bank currently standing at Z$250 to US$1 is causing distortions on budgeting processes and operational costs are becoming too high for the humanitarian community to adequately provide the interventions needed by vulnerable people.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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