A. Situation analysis
Description of the emergency
Zimbabwe is experiencing chronic food insecurity. Based on the 2013 Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) produced in May 2013, the 2013/2014 consumption year was projected to see 2.2 million people (25 per cent of rural households) food insecure by the peak of the hunger period in March 2014.The majority of Zimbabweans affected by food insecurity were reported to have been resorting to negative coping mechanisms including reducing their daily meals to one per day. This could further aggravate already poor malnutrition rates. According to ZIMVAC, the national severe acute malnutrition rate among children was 4.7 per cent. The globally accepted rate is 2 per cent.
The World Food Programme (WFP) continued to raise concerns about severe funding shortages and consequent challenges in delivering complete food baskets to the most-in-need. According to WFP, only 50 per cent of the required $86 million had been availed by the end of December 2013, leaving a shortfall of $42.8 million and only half the needs catered for by the agency’s Seasonal Targeted Assistance (STA) programme1 . WFP warned that the food crisis in Zimbabwe is set to worsen if fundraising targets were not met.
An Emergency Appeal was launched on the 11 December 2013 by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) seeking CHF 805,279 to support Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (ZRCS) to assist 10,500 beneficiaries (2,100 households) among the most affected and vulnerable people with food assistance as well as activities focussed on clean water and increased vegetable production, focussing on four wards in Gwanda district, in Matebeleland South Province.