Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Floods: UN Inter-Agency And NGO Appeal for Emergency Relief

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United Nations Country Team

FLOODS DISASTER IN ZIMBABWE

UN Inter-Agency And NGO Appeal for Emergency Relief as of 15 March 2000 15H00


Contact DMT c/o D. Nkala, tel 792681-6, ext.240
Fax 792978, dennis.nkala@undp.org, Harare, Zimbabwe

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMERGENCY SITUATION

On the 22nd of February 2000, Zimbabwe was hit by a devastating tropical cyclone with strong winds (Cyclone Eline). The cyclone affected the eastern and southern parts of the country. The cyclone happened when some parts of the country, particularly the main river basins were experiencing life threatening floods. These areas are in Save River basin in Manicaland, the Limpopo River in the southern provinces of Matebeleland South and Masvingo. The main tributaries of the Limpopo including the Shashe and Bubi rivers were affected. In these areas flooding was experienced around 4-6 February. In this season some very arid areas in Matebeleland South, Masvingo and Manicaland received uncharacteristically high rainfall. When the cyclone occurred it attacked an already fragile environment causing landslides and flooding. Communications systems were destroyed by strong winds, bridges were damaged and swept away, some dwellings were also swept away. The effect of the floods and the cyclone was that some people were left without access to the rest of the country. There is a strong possibility of disease outbreaks in the aftermath of the flood

The disasters happened during a period when the country is experiencing a deep economic crisis. There are shortages of petroleum fuels due to lack of foreign exchange for procurement. However, the national response to the emergency has generally been well with food supplies, clothing and various funds set up to support the affected.

Four provinces were affected by this cyclone and these are Manicaland, Matebeleland South, Masvingo and Midlands. Annex 2 shows the population distribution in the affected districts.

The UN Disaster Management Team has carried out a rapid assessment in the Manicaland Province. Another mission is due to leave for Beitbridge on Wednesday 8 March. The UN estimates that about 500 000 people were affected by the floods and cyclone and 96 000 of them would require urgent help in food, shelter, health, water and sanitation, agriculture, education and communications and transport. From this figure, about 20 000 people have been displaced and are homeless.

Further, the UN assessment is that there is no immediate life threatening situation to the affected people now that the floods have subsided. However, the possible disease outbreaks in these areas remain a main threat. Some of the displaced people are living in camps/schools, while others are either with friends or relatives.

To date, the Government of Zimbabwe, members of the public, NGO’s and the private sector have done a sterling job by contributing food, some medication e.g. prophylactics for malaria, water treatment tablets, some tents and even transport to ferry the donated goods to the needy.

The displaced people want to relocate to their original homes and consequently need assistance in various forms. This includes:

  • Rehabilitation of the infrastructure around their locality to improve accessibility,
  • Urgent repairs of such infrastructure i.e. clinics and schools to normalise the lives of the affected communities
  • Clean water supply and sanitation to avert possible outbreaks of diseases and to make life as comfortable as possible for these people.

INFORMATION SOURCES

To come up with an estimate of requirements, the UN disaster management team used the various estimates from government, NGO’s and private sector, which included: -

  • The Civil Protection Unit in the Ministry of Local Government and National Housing.
  • Central Statistical Office
  • Commercial Farmers’ Union
  • Forestry Commission
  • Famine Early Warning Systems (FEWS)
  • District Development Fund
  • Water and Sanitation
  • Surveyor General’s Department

The field based comparisons of the data collected and the situation on the ground indicated that there were discrepancies between the two. In the absence of good and accurate data, the UN has had to estimate with the known information as a basis. The UN is also fielding three teams to assist with assessment and to improve the data on the current needs. The Forestry Commission are still working on the figures and indicated that the shortage of engineers to do the damage assessment is delaying compilation of information.

Summary of information collected

(see situation report of 15 March 2000)

COORDINATION STRUCTURE

The Disaster Management Team (DMT) of the UN committed itself to co-ordinate the donor activities in an effort to avoid duplication of activities by donors interested in assisting the affected people. In doing so, the UN is liasing closely with government and the National Civil Protection Department, the Provincial Civil Protection and the Districts Civil Protection. The Disaster management Team convenes meetings to brief donors every week and is in constant dialogue with donors and government. The UN team is already discussing with on NGOs and will facilitate their co-ordination and interaction with donors. Some NGOS have been invited to donor meetings and presented their own assessments. The UN mission to Manicaland on 1 to 4 March intended to get first hand information on the extent of the damage caused by the cyclone as well as to show solidarity with the people of Zimbabwe at a time of their greatest need (bearing in mind that floods and cyclones are a rare phenomena in Zimbabwe and they literally caught the people unprepared). The next country mission to Matebeleland South is currently being organised. On the visit to the districts, the UN also found out that the District Civil Protection members could do with additional assistance. The UN is therefore fielding three teams consisting of UN staff to the affected Provinces. They will be deployed to the eight most affected districts spread out in all the four affected provinces to complement the efforts being made by the individual sector ministries to visit the districts and assess the extent of the damage now that most areas are accessible following the recession of the waters. They will also visit the other five less affected districts. Annex 3 in the document shows the Co-ordination structure in place.

REQUIREMENTS AND DONOR RESPONSE

The preliminary assessment of 96 000 people in great need has been the basis for the requirements detailed below by sector. Due to the unavailability of accurate information, the figures are based on extrapolation and estimates. These requirements are for the immediate needs only. More requirements will arise from the assessment for immediate, medium and longer-term requirements. The requirements are thus expected to increase rather than decrease.

Summary table on requirements by sector (UN Appeal)

Sector
Amount US$
Food
26,000
Health
943,049
Water & Sanitation
196,500
Agriculture
15,000
Refugee Support at Tongogara Camp
150,000
Education
95,000
Communications
1,256,250
Coordination & Management
629, 000
Total
3,310,799
Summary table on Estimated Budgets For the UN Response (US$)
UN Agency
Estimated Budget
Available
Shortfall
FAO
15,000
15,000
UNDP
1,885,250
120,000
1,765,250
UNFPA
358,774
78,348
280,426
UNHCR
150,000
150,000
UNICEF
479,500
479,500
WFP
6,000
6,000
WHO
416275
416,275
Totals
3,310,799
179,348
3,112,451
Summary table of known contributions in response to UN Appeal
Appealing Agency Donor
Amount USD
Comments
WHO SIDA
416,275
Agreement signed
UNICEF France
15,000
Reimbursement for purchases in progress
UNICEF Netherlands
50,000
Available
UNICEF Australia
40,000
Total of approx. US$ 78,000 available for local and international Agencies for medical supplies water, rebuilding houses and repairing damaged schools.
UNICEF CIDA
Not known
Firm commitment
UNICEF UNICEF National Committees (UK)
320,000
Confirmed
UNICEF UNICEF Committee (Germany)
280,000
confirmed
UNICEF Belgium
250,000
Under negotiation to meet the $95,000 appeal for schools rehabilitation.
UNDP UN office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
20,000
Funds transferred to UNDP.
UNFPA UNFPA
100,000
Already delivering kits
UNDP Emergency Response Division
100,000
Mostly disbursed.
UN Appeal New Zealand
40,000
For schools rehabilitation in Gwanda and Bulililamangwe Districts.
Source: Compiled by UN Disaster Management Team.

Summary of known NGO appeals

NGO
Amount USD
Donor
Comments
IFRC
400,000
UK
Already provided in cash for emergency portable water, shelter, housing rehab and essential non-food items.
IFRC
25,000
USA
Already approved
Germany Red Cross,
123,545
Germany
For 300 tents, 3,000 plastic sheeting and 7,000 blankets.
HELP
176,133
Germany
Emergency repair of roofs, procurement of medicine, 10,000 bales of food, one lorry and vehicle.
Medicus Mundi
25,000
Belgium
Will reimburse medical expenses incurred by Ministry of Health.
FOS (Fund for Development Cooperation)
250,000
Belgium
Will work with 6 local partners in the affected Provinces, These are Africa 2000, OCCZIM, ORAP, GAPWUZ, Nyahodi Union and Chikukiwa Trust - rehabilitation of projects.
CRS
573013
General
Included in this document
SAMSO
122500
General
Included in this appeal
LWF
47000
ACT
Received and in use for tents and temporary toilets in Beitbridge ( 12 tents) and 300 toilets
LWF
35000
Danish Embassy
Received and in use for temporary toilets and tents in Mberengwa and Beitbridge.
LWF
970,000
ACT
To cover food relief, shelter and longer term rehabilitation in Beitbridge, Gwanda, Chivi and Mwenezi. Proposal under discussion.
Source: UN Disaster Management Team.

Contributions to Government include OAU-US$100,000, African Development Bank (proposed USD 500,000) and Japan $212,005 for 4,000 blankets, 90 tents for 6 people each, and 20 tents for 12 people, 20 plastic sheets and transportation.

The response to the UN Disaster Appeal (Pledges and amounts to Agencies under discussion)

Agency
Required USD
Received USD
Balance USD
FAO
26,000
nil
26,000
UNDP
1,765,250
nil
1,765,250
UNFPA
280,426
100,000
180,426
UNHCR
150,000
nil
150,000
UNICEF
479,500
840,000 Includes amounts currently under discussion.
+360,500
WFP
6,000
nil
6,000
WHO
416,275
416,275
nil
Total
1,767,176

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