A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Zimbabwe was affected by floods, landslides and hailstorms in January and early February 2014, affecting approximately 20,000 people. Hailstorms and unprecedented widespread flooding occurred in most low lying areas of Zimbabwe with significant proportions in catchment area streams of Tokwe-Mukosi dam of Masvingo District, Tsholotsho district and Gokwe district. In Masvingo, the partially completed Tokwe-Mukosi dam unexpectedly and rapidly filled up, inundating 2,514 households (20,000 people) awaiting the three year phased Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) relocation plan. Widespread loss of property, livestock and food stocks occurred during the hasty efforts to relocate the affected population.
The crisis situation arose when the 20,000 displaced people where hastily relocated to Chingwizi camp, causing serious shortages of basic living needs, including food, water, sanitation, shelter, security, livelihoods, and access to health services. The magnitude of this disaster prompted the government to declare a National Disaster and launched an international appeal of USD 20 million to aid the affected population. At the same time, the flooding in other parts of the country had affected 40 households in Gokwe and 400 households in Tsholotsho, bringing a total of nearly 3,000 households requiring urgent humanitarian assistance.
DG ECHO contributed towards partial replenishment of the DREF allocated towards this operation. The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic, Zurich and Coca Cola Foundations and other corporate and private donors. Details of all donors can be found http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/Active/MDR00001.pdf. The IFRC, on behalf of the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society, would like to extend thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.