A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
From December 2014, Zimbabwe experienced continuous heavy rainfall, which led to widespread flooding across the country, with the worst affected provinces including: Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West and Midlands. According to preliminary assessments, approximately 6,000 people (1,200 households) were affected, of which 2,500 people (500 households) were identified as in urgent need of assistance.
Many houses collapsed due to flooding, belongings were washed away including food and livelihoods items, and water and sanitation infrastructures contaminated.
In January 2015, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released CHF 192,292 from the Disaster Relief and Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Zimbabwe Red Cross respond to the immediate needs of the affected population, with emergency food, relief, shelter assistance, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion in Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West and Midlands provinces; over a period of three months. As of 20 March 2015, it is estimated that 95 per cent of the activities have been completed.
This Operations Update is requesting an extension of timeframe by one month; in order to carry out a DREF operational review/lessons learnt exercise. This operational review/lessons learnt was intended to be carried out the week commencing 22 March 2015. However, it had to be postponed until the 20 April 2015 due to non-availability of the ZRCS involved in the DREF operation and ODK equipment required to carry out beneficiary satisfaction survey.
The IFRC zone office and Southern Africa regional office (SARO) have developed a Terms of Reference and team members have been identified from Disaster Management and PMER units. A representative from British Red Cross has also been invited to participate in this exercise. As part of the operational review/lessons learned there will be a refresher training on the use of ODK technologies for ZRCS staff, which will be used to carry out beneficiary satisfaction survey. The DREF operation will end on 12 May 2015, and a final report will be made available on 12 August 2015 (three months after the end of the operation) This DREF has been replenished by DG ECHO. The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) the Medtronic, Zurich and Coca Cola Foundations and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society would like to extend many thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.