Zimbabwe: DREF Final Report - Cholera (MDRZW005)

Situation Report
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Summary: CHF 226,353 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 8 July 2011 to support the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society in delivering assistance to some 30,000 beneficiaries, and to procure and distribute emergency disaster response stocks.

The operation was initially planned to be implemented over three months, July to September 2011. However a three-month extension until December 2011 was granted to allow some delayed activities to be completed.

Zimbabwe experienced an unprecedented cholera outbreak in 2008. The cholera outbreak which began in November 2008, lasting until July 2009 recorded a cumulative total of 98,592 cases and 4,288 deaths with a case fatality rate of 4.5%. Government and non-governmental efforts were effective in curbing cholera cases throughout the country. In Chipinge district, Zimbabwe’s Manicaland Province, new cases began resurfacing in December 2010, particularly in Chibuwe and St. Peter’s wards. The cholera outbreak presented a serious health hazard, which significantly affected women, children and the highly mobile workers living in the district.

The Zimbabwe Red Cross supported the Government in providing emergency hygiene materials and carrying out community health and hygiene education. The DREF funds were used to procure and distribute non-food items, provide clean water and sanitation facilities and carrying out hygiene promotion and preventive health activities. The IFRC Country Office provided technical support in all aspects of the DREF Operation.

The intervention was completed by the end of December 2011. All the targets were achieved except for borehole rehabilitation, where 38 water points were rehabilitated instead of 50. The other 12 were rehabilitated by another NGO which was working in the adjacent ward. The achievements were as follows:

• Rehabilitation of 38 water points and fitting with bush pumps
• Rehabilitation of 50 shallow wells (improving water lifting by fitting winch/windlass)
• Construction of 300 latrines ( 100 at schools and 200 at households)
• Training of 60 volunteers to conduct health and hygiene education
• NFIs (non- food items) were distributed to 4,624 households.

Since the completion of the operation no new cases of cholera were reported.


The objectives of the Cholera operation were achieved through coordinated efforts among partners notably the ZRCS, IFRC, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, local authorities and technical partners. However, some challenges caused delays in implementation, including:

• Delay in the procurement of cement for latrine construction due to its non-availability on the market.
• Heavy and sporadic rains which slowed down latrine construction and upgrading of wells.
• Unavailability of some community members at health sessions especially the economically active group who were pursuing livelihood activities e.g. working on farms, agriculture and brick moulding along the river.

The Canadian Red Cross contributed to the DREF in replenishment of the allocation made for this operation. The major donors and partners of DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the U.S.A., as well as DG-ECHO, the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the National Society, thanks all for their generous contributions. Details of 2011 contributions to DREF are found at: www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/Active/MAA00010_2011.pdf. The major donors and partners of DREF include the Australian, American and Belgian governments, the Austrian Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross and government, Danish Red Cross and government, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), the Irish and the Italian governments, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg government, the Monaco Red Cross and government, the Netherlands Red Cross and government, the Norwegian Red Cross and government, the Spanish Government, the Swedish Red Cross and government, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations, and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the National Society, would like to extend thanks to all for their generous contributions.