U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Humanitarian conditions for most Zimbabweans, while significantly improved during the previous year, remain difficult due to the ongoing effects of previous Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) policies and corruption, which resulted in a decade of economic decline characterized by hyperinflation, high unemployment rates, and poor maintenance of infrastructure for agricultural production, health, water and sanitation, and power generation. Despite the easing of the severe economic crisis in 2009, Zimbabweans continue to suffer from limited access to basic services and high unemployment rates. Ongoing political tensions between transitional government partners the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) continue to result in occasional incidents of political intimidation and violence and inhibit progress towards recovery. In addition, ongoing farm seizures disrupt agricultural production and lead to increased displacement of farm workers.
On October 15, 2009, U.S. Chargé d'Affaires, a.i., Donald S. Petterson reissued a disaster declaration in Zimbabwe due to the complex emergency. In FY 2009, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $201 million for emergency relief supplies, emergency food assistance, local and regional food procurement and distribution, and programs in health, protection, disaster risk reduction, agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in Zimbabwe. Since FY 2002, USAID/DCHA has provided more than $470 million in humanitarian assistance to Zimbabwe, including more than $49 million provided in FY 2010 to date.