Zimbabwe: Cholera Outbreak DREF operation No. MDRZW004

Situation Report
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GLIDE EP-2008-000218-ZWE

The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.

CHF 203,302 (USD 177,556 or EUR 139,248) has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (ZRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 100,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.

Summary: Zimbabwe has reported a severe outbreak of cholera since August 2008. So far, a total of 1,224 cases have been confirmed, with a total of 42 deaths. The worst affected areas are Harare, Nyamapanda, Chinhoyi and Kariba. The situation is still unfolding as cholera spread to other parts of the country.

This operation is expected to be implemented over two months, and will be completed by 31 December 2008.

The situation

A cholera outbreak has hit the high density suburbs of Harare the capital city of Zimbabwe, border town Nyamapanda in Mashonaland Central Province and Kariba (Mola) in Mashonaland West and provincial town Chinhoyi also in Mashonaland West. An unconfirmed case has been reported in Mutare in Manicaland Province, which is on the border with Mozambique. The first cholera case was reported on 26 August 2008, long before the rainy season which usually starts at the end of October. The cholera outbreak has led to 42 deaths and cumulative total of 1,224 cases throughout the country. Current reports indicate that cholera continues to spread across the country due to high mobility and limited capacity to contain the disease.