Zimbabwe: Assistance to the population affected by the 'clean-up' exercise Appeal No. 05EA016 Interim Final Report


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.
In Brief

Appeal no. 0505EA016, Final Report; Period covered: 26 July 2005 to 30 April 2006; Final Appeal coverage: 35%.

Appeal history:

- Launched on 26 July 2006 http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05EA016.pdf for CHF 2,481,818 (USD 1,788,110 or EUR 1,487,813) for 5 months to assist some 15,000 beneficiaries (3,000 households)

- Operations Update no.1- http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05/05EA01601.pdf issued on 31 August 2005.

- Operations Update no. 2 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05/05EA01602.pdf issued on 18 October 2005.

- Operations Update no. 3 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05/05EA01603.pdf issued on 5 December 2005 provided a revised plan of action for the period October to December 2005, in light of the funding received and sought to extend the operation's timeframe to 30 March 2006.

- Operations Update no. 4 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05/05EA01604.pdf issued on 16 February 2006 confirmed the extension of the appeal timeframe to 30 March 2006.

- Operations Update no. 5 - http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05/05EA01605.pdf issued on 31 March 2006 extended the appeal timeframe for one more month; until end of April 2006.

-Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 100,000.

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

The 'Clean-up Exercise', also known as Operation Restore Order or Operation Murambatsvina, launched by the government of Zimbabwe in May 2005 affected the large number of people already suffering from the effects of a prolonged drought, HIV and AIDS pandemic and high levels of unemployment. The latest figures estimate that some 700,000 people from more than 50 locations in eight provinces lost their homes and livelihoods (1). Many had been engaged in informal trading to earn a living and the forced displacement left them with no other sources of income. More than 6,000 of those displaced were beneficiaries of the integrated community health and care programme run by the Zimbabwe Red Cross. These included orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS (OVC).

Local authorities established transit camps in three urban areas: Greater Harare (Caledonia Farm), Bulawayo (Hellensvale) and Mutare (Sakubva Oval Spots Ground) to offer temporary shelter to the population affected by the operation. The camps, however, accommodated only a limited number of people whose houses had been levelled; besides, they were open for only a month. Most of the households relocated to their rural homes while some sought refuge with their relatives or friends or were sheltered by the church. Others have stayed on the site of their demolished homes in self-erected wooden and corrugated iron shacks. Uprooted from their homes, they struggled to protect themselves from biting winds and deteriorating sanitary conditions. Most did not have enough food to feed their families and many families could not afford to send their children to school anymore.

After the government announced the 'clean-up' campaign had ended, it has launched the 'Operation Garikai/Hlalani Khulhe (operation 'stay well)' under which 5,000 houses are planned to be constructed for the worst affected households. The operation is still underway but it will benefit only a limited number of families. Concerned by growing humanitarian challenges, several organizations started projects to support the displaced population. Determining beneficiary numbers, however, has proved to be a difficult task. Equally challenging was arranging the logistics of the relief programmes as many of those displaced, particularly men, have been continuously on the move in search of employment opportunities. Many returned to towns in the hope to find jobs, leaving their families in the villages.

In the early days of the crises, the Federation released CHF 100,000 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to help the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (ZRCS) respond to the needs of 500 households. As the situation evolved with more areas affected, the Federation launched an Emergency Appeal to expand the scope of the operation and increased the number of beneficiaries to 15,000 to include OVC, child-headed households, the elderly, chronically ill, beneficiaries of the Red Cross home-based care programme (CBCP), people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), people with disabilities, refugees and undocumented migrants. Poor donor response to the Federation's Appeal, however, restricted the ability of the ZRCS to carry out the work. In October 2005, the appeal coverage stood at around 15%. This prompted the Red Cross to revisit its original plan of action and reduce the number as well as the magnitude of activities originally planned (refer to Operations Update no. 3 for more details). By the end of November 2005, the Appeal coverage increased to 35%. In light of the improved funding, the operation was extended by four months to allow time for planning and implementation of the funded activities.


(1) As per Anna Tibaijuka, UN Special Envoy on Human Settlement Issues in Zimbabwe, report (dated 18.07.2005). She carried out a two week fact finding mission (26 June-8 July 2005) to assess the situation, and her report was shared with the government.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Zimbabwe: Emma Kundishora, Secretary General, Zimbabwe Red Cross Society, Harare; Email: ekundishora@comone.co.zw; Phone: +263.4.332.638; +263.4.332.197; Fax +263.4.335.490

In Zimbabwe: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Southern Africa Regional Delegation, Harare; Email: francoise.legoff@ifrc.org; Phone: +, +; Fax: +

In Geneva: John Roche, Federation Regional Officer for Southern Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva; Email: john.roche@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.730.44.40, Fax: +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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