This report covers the period 01/07/2008 to 31/12/2008.
Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (ZRCS) programmes are focused on reducing the suffering of the most vulnerable people and communities by contributing to the reduction of numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters, diseases and public health emergencies, increasing local community, civil society and Red Cross capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability and reducing intolerance, discrimination, social exclusion and promoting respect for diversity and human dignity. Zimbabwe is currently facing a deepening humanitarian crisis with adverse socio-economic repercussions, which have a direct impact on the wide population, at the same time making the work of Red Cross even more pertinent. The demand for humanitarian services is on the increase due to the on-going social, political and economic crises in the country.
Programme(s) summary: ZRCS activities are mainly on community home-based care (HBC), water and sanitation (WatSan), disaster preparedness and response, food security and sustainable livelihoods programmes. The National Society continues advocating for the needs of the vulnerable people in order to fulfil its commitment to Humanitarian Principles and action. There has been increased effort on institutional capacity development and financial management such that the ZRCS is progressing towards financial self reliance. With Red Cross volunteers being the core resource in community-based activities, more resources have been directed towards branch development and volunteer management.
One of its vibrant long-term programme is the HIV and AIDS, which has 2010 targets of reaching 1.3 million people with prevention activities, 34,000 with treatment, care and support while 75,000 orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) are provided with a holistic care and support programme encompassing educational and psychological support, nutrition and provision of hygiene material.The WatSan programme provides sustainable environmental services, including safe water supply, sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion set to benefit 100,000 people in targeted area, and with support of the African, Caribbean and Pacific - European Union (ACP/ EU) WatSan initiative.
In response to the deteriorating food supply in the country, ZRCS launched a food security emergency operation through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC); a preliminary appeal (MDRZW003)1 for CHF 27,755,314 (USD 26,837,020) to support 260,100 beneficiaries mostly beneficiaries of the community HBC programme.
In November 2008, Zimbabwe recorded its worst cholera outbreak and by end of December, cumulative total of suspected cases was 29,000 and 1,500 deaths, with case fatality rate of 5.4 percent. At the request of the ZRCS, the IFRC released Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) of CHF 403,302) to initiate the cholera operation (MDRZW004)2. The emergency appeal was launched on 23 December and targets 1.5 million people through a budget of CHF 10,170,233 and to be implemented within seven months. The disaster management department is currently focused on the cholera intervention in all ten provinces through assistance of ZRCS volunteers, and in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Civil Protection Unit, UN agencies, MSF, and other non-governmental organisations.
ZRCS budget and activities for 2008 have therefore been revised to reflect the current and envisaged humanitarian needs in the country, and focus is on disaster response and capacity building at local level.