Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Appeal No. 01.23/2003

Attachments


2003
(In CHF)
20042
(In CHF)
1. Health and Care
389,949
420,000
2. Disaster Management
52,193
55,000
3. Organizational Development
74,982
80,000
Total
526,1221
555,000
1 USD 261,000 or EUR 357,709.
2 These are preliminary budget figures for 2004, and are subject to revision.

Introduction

The vulnerability of the average Zimbabwean has considerably increased in recent years due to a complex mix of factors including economic collapse, natural disasters, and most devastatingly, the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

The Zimbabwe Red Cross Society (ZwRC) has chosen to focus on water and sanitation projects in the rural areas and has been working in HIV/AIDS-related activities since 1988, focussing on home-based-care and working with the youth.

The Federation launched an appeal for Southern Africa in 2002 (Appeal 12/02) that includes a large component in Zimbabwe. ZwRC is planning to target 105,000 beneficiaries through its home-based care programme and expand its water and sanitation programme. Attempts will be made to limit the impact on ongoing programmes, but it should be recognised that this emergency programme will reduce the capacity to implement other programmes for the first half of 2003.

National Context

Due to the declining economic situation in Zimbabwe, the current health picture of the country has undoubtedly deteriorated over recent years, but the indicators have yet to show this. Between 50 and 79% of the population had access to essential drugs in 1999, whilst 68% were using adequate sanitation facilities and 85% had access to improved water sources. As well as being out of date, the indicators also hide a large imbalance between urban and rural areas.


Human Development Indicators at a Glance
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
World
Life expectancy at birth (years)
42.9
48.7
66.9
Adult literacy rate (% age 15 and above), 2000
88.7
61.5
~
Adult literacy rate (female as % of male), 2000
91
77
~
Combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrolment ratio (%), 1999
65
42
65
GDP per capita (PPP$), 2000
2,365
1,690
7,446
People living with HIV/AIDS, adults (% age 15-49), 2001
33.73
9
1.2
Refugees (thousands), in/out, 2000
4/~
~
~
Source: UNDP HDR 2002

At birth, only 23% of Zimbabweans are forecast to survive to 65 years, compared to 90% of people in the most developed countries. Infant mortality rates remain almost at the 1970 level at 73/1000 live births, and Zimbabwe has the highest maternal mortality rate in the non-war-torn world. These shocking statistics are largely due to the impact of HIV/AIDS.

Without doubt the leading cause of human suffering in Zimbabwe has been brought about by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Even considering other natural and man-made disasters, HIV/AIDS is the major cause of mortality and socio-economic strife and poverty in Zimbabwe. During 2001 there were 200,000 HIV/AIDS-related deaths and by the end of the same year there were 780,000 children who had been orphaned through HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS/WHO 2002). On a global scale, Zimbabwe has the second highest prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS.

Currently Zimbabwe faces a tragic potential disaster in the guise of an enormous food deficit brought about by the recent drought and disruption to commercial farming. The World Food Programme, in its appeal for southern Africa (EMOP 10200), estimates that towards the end of 2002, 6 million Zimbabweans (46% of population) will be in need of food aid.

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