Most Zimbabweans have experienced improved humanitarian conditions in 2011 as socioeconomic conditions also continue to improve, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). While availability of basic food items in most areas of the country remains stable, a significant proportion of households in both urban and rural areas may continue to face challenges meeting their food needs, particularly as Zimbabwe’s national cost of living continues to be higher than the national average household income, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
In FY 2011, humanitarian organizations continued to carry out health and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to prevent disease outbreaks, including cholera and malaria. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) continues to focus on WASH activities that improve access to clean water and mitigate the risk of waterborne disease, providing nearly $5.4 million in FY 2011 for WASH activities in Zimbabwe.
In FY 2011, USAID provided more than $63.8 million in humanitarian assistance to Zimbabwe, including more than $50.8 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) for emergency food assistance and more than $13 million from USAID/OFDA to support agriculture and food security, urban livelihoods, protection of vulnerable populations, and WASH activities.