Monthly Humanitarian Update - November & December 2011
$268 million 2012 CAP launched for Zimbabwe while 2011 CAP closes at 45.9 per cent funding.
$21.4 million urgently needed for food assistance programmes.
149 cases reported in anthrax outbreak affecting humans.
Population of refugees and asylum seekers in Zimbabwe shoots to nearly 6,000.
More than 10,000 returnees request humanitarian assistance.
I. Situation Overview
Main humanitarian challenges faced in Zimbabwe in November and December were food insecurity, waterborne disease outbreaks, deportations of Zimbabweans from neighbouring countries and flash floods in some provinces.
About one million people, representing 12 per cent of the rural population, will require food assistance at the peak of the lean season between November 2011 and March 2012. Limited access to potable water continues to expose people in parts of the country to waterborne diseases as evidenced by typhoid and diarrhoea outbreaks reported in November and December. Following an end to the moratorium enjoyed by Zimbabwean migrants to South Africa deportation of irregular migrants resumed in October 2011 and created new challenges as the needs of deportees have to be met. This was exacerbated by the forced return of an average 2,500 people per month from Botswana, many of whom needed humanitarian assistance. Further, floods in Chipinge and Muzarabani, in December, resulted in the loss of homes, crops and livestock, although no human deaths were reported. Humanitarian partners continue to strive to address these challenges.