Zimbabwe

Humanitarian Situation in Zimbabwe No. 01: 01-31 Jan 2008

Attachments

HIGHLIGHTS

A total of 1, 523, 506ha of maize has been planted compared to 1,472,158ha planted same period during the 2006/2007 season (see Agriculture)

The planted area for major crops like tobacco, Cotton and Groundnuts have exceeded 100% of target set for the season.(see table below)

The wet spell experienced since December 2007 has adversely affected land preparations and planting activities across the country (see Agriculture)

DFID to provide 5 million GBP for procurement of vital and essential medicine to address the acute shortage of medicines in the country (see Health)

More than 100 schools had been affected by floods by end of January 2008 (see Education).

UNICEF to drill 20 boreholes at strategic sites in the Mabvuku and Tafara suburbs (see Water and Sanitation)

5 million USD has been allocated to Zimbabwe from the under-funded emergencies window of the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)

I. FUNDING

Zimbabwe 2008 Consolidated Appeal Funding . Financial Tracking System as at 31 January 2008:

- Requested Funds: 317 million USD

- Funding : 1.1 million USD

- Funding Coverage: 0.3%

- Pledges: 5.0 million .

- For further details visit: http://ocha.unog.ch/fts2/pageloader.aspx?page=emerg-emergencyDetails&appealID=7893

Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)

Zimbabwe has been selected to benefit from an allocation from the under-funded emergencies window of the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). Funding to under-funded emergencies are allocated on a biannual basis, at the beginning and middle of each year. Priority projects that are appropriate for CERF funding will be selected from the projects listed in the CAP 2008. An IASC Country Team meeting is expected to be convened in due course to discuss the process and next steps.

II. ESSENTIAL STATISTICS/DATA

- 11,750 million country population in 10 provinces, with 61 districts (Central Statistical Office - CSO)

- 15.6% HIV prevalence rate (MoHCW National Estimates 2007)

- 1.3 million people of all ages are HIV infected (MoHCW National Estimates 2007).

- 1.6 million children orphaned by 2003, about 1 million due to AIDS (UNICEF, National Estimates 2007)

- 16.6% children malnourished as measured by MDG indicator underweight (DHS, 2005/6)

- 26,470.8% inflation rate (CSO, November 2007). This is latest figure released on Monday 4th February 2008.

III. HUMANITARIAN SITUATION ANALYSIS, RESPONSE AND COMMON SERVICES

AGRICULTURE (from Ministry of Agriculture)

To date a total of 1,523, 506ha of maize has been planted compared to 1,472,158ha planted same period during the 2006/2007 season

About 20% of total area planted for maize, 280,436ha, was planted early from October to November. The crop is at tussling and soft dough stage.

The 2007/2008 season has so far been characterized by incessant rains with most areas having received more than double their normal to date. This has adversely affected both farm operations and crop condition. The situation has been exacerbated by a general shortage of both basal and top dressing fertilizers.

Fertilizer situation in the country remained depressed throughout the 2007/8 season. A total of 51,568mt of basal fertilizers were imported as at 25 January 2008. Total imports of Urea received to date stand at 45,452mt. Top dressing fertilizers continue to come into the country from South Africa and Mozambique.

The wet spell experienced since December 2007 has adversely affected land preparations and planting activities across the country, resulting in late plantings. Apart from traditionally marginal areas with heavy soils such as Mwenezi, Chiredzi, Gokwe South, Mt. Darwin, Nkayi, Lupane and Beitbridge, most of the maize crop across the country is at vegetative stage and showing signs of nitrogen deficiency.

A total of 399,211ha have been planted to sorghum and other small grains to date, compared to 370,248ha that was planted same period last year

Planting of small grains particularly sorghum is still ongoing and the current crop stand is in fair to good condition.

A totalof 60,112ha of tobacco had been planted surpassing the 60,000ha target set for the season.

To date a total of 431,635ha of cotton have been planted compared to 328,274 planted by the same period in 2007. This total area planted represents 108% of the target area of 400,000ha set for the season. The crop is in fair condition in most parts of the country.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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