Zimbabwe

Guide to humanitarian & development efforts on inter-action member agencies in Zimbabwe


Background Summary
In February 2000, veterans from the liberation war of the 1970s took over hundreds of white owned farms in Zimbabwe’s countryside. These land seizures took the form of mass squatting as well as violence against farm owners.

The established ruling dynasty in most of Zimbabwe until the 1440s was the Mwene Mutapa nation under King Mutota. In the sixteenth century, the Portuguese arrived and conflict broke out, weakening the empire. By 1690, the Portuguese had been driven away, but much of the land formerly under the Mwene Mutapa was now controlled by Shona-speaking tribes which came together to form the Rowzi empire. Emerging from the south in 1834, the Nbedele tribe took over leadership of the empire. Within a few years, the number of European explorers seeking gold and ivory significantly increased with the encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes, a British imperialist and diamond miner. Rhodes facilitated the arrival of thousands of white settlers and united them under the auspices of the British South Africa Company. The areas now known as Zambia and Zimbabwe were named Northern and Southern Rhodesia, after the British leader.

Late in the nineteenth century, the Nbedele and Shona tribes of Southern Rhodesia revolted against the European occupation. But in 1897, the leaders of both groups were hung. Just prior to their deaths, British rule denied blacks the right to vote and limited black land ownership. Colonists passed legislation in the 1920s that prevented blacks from owning the best farmland. White settlers then took over seventy percent of the arable land to establish large farms. In 1964, Ian Smith was elected Prime Minister of Rhodesia and pushed for independence, declaring an independent country in 1968, without British consent. It was not until Margaret Thatcher’s government that independence was acknowledged, and then formally declared in 1980.

Robert Mugabe, a Marxist and member of the ZANU-PF party was elected president in 1980. He has remained in that office for more than two decades. The opposition party, MDC (Movement for Democratic Change), has accused him of election tampering and harsh practices such as expelling journalists for “undermining his authority.” Mugabe, who is now over seventy-five years old, faces criticism for his response to the land reform crisis and the effects his policies have had on the economies of neighboring countries.

Continued anxiety and violence has followed the February 2000 farm seizures. Violence against white land owners in the past eighteen months has resulted in nine deaths, kidnapping and torture of both black and white farmers, and the confiscation of identity documents belonging to white citizens. Black farmers demand land reform to compensate for past injustices, while white farmers claim rights to the land they have occupied for almost three generations. Most recently, a land reform effort was agreed, with over 2.5 million hectares of land designated for redistribution from commercial farmers in the CFU (Commercial Farmer’s Union) to black farmers. Compensation to white landowners will be made by the British government and the land will be redistributed to black farmers by officials of the GOZ.

For the last three years Zimbabwe has experienced an economic recession. Unemployment is high and inflation has risen dramatically. Citizens have been hit by a devaluation of currency and rising prices for basic commodities. The disruption of agricultural production due not only to the crisis, but also to frequent alternation of flooding and drought, has left supplies low and demand high. South Africa blamed the land crisis in Zimbabwe for its own devalued currency. The coalition SADC (Southern African Development Community), currently headed by President Bakili Muluzi of Malawi, explained that its involvement in the land reform proceedings was promoted by concern that the violence and economic decline were beginning to negatively affect countries surrounding Zimbabwe. The land crisis has discouraged foreign investment and caused greater economic distress. As a result, the countries of the SADC wants to resolve the crisis as soon as possible to avoid further economic decline.

Racial tensions remain high and violence between racial groups continues, despite government steps towards reconciliation. Displaced farm hands from the white owned land remain without shelter or supplies and a food shortage has affected individuals nationwide. Squatters who infiltrated the farms lack food and supplies. NGOs have called for emergency relief to prevent widespread malnutrition and food insecurity.

Among Zimbabwe’s challenges remain the adverse effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It is estimated that over twenty-five percent of adults are infected and children are more likely to die from AIDS than from any other cause. There are over 900,000 orphans in Zimbabwe as a direct result of the AIDS crisis. NGO-run orphanages care for only twenty percent of the children. Seventy-one percent of caregivers for orphans are over the age of sixty. Difficulties for these caregivers include: meeting basic needs for food, shelter, clothing, payment of school fees, physical inability, and limited access to expensive health care.

In a society where life expectancy has fallen to thirty-eight years, and less than four percent of the population is over the age of sixty-five, the need for assistance in the fight against the AIDS pandemic is highly evident. Elderly caregivers and young orphans both require a great deal of support. Community responsibility for orphans is prominent among the aims of humanitarian work in Zimbabwe. ASOs (AIDS Service Organizations) led by community leaders provide deeper emphasis on AIDS prevention and education. In each case, the need for local involvement is paramount.

Report Summary

This Guide offers international agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the media and the public an overview of the humanitarian assistance being provided to the people of Zimbabwe by InterAction member agencies.

Twenty-four InterAction member organizations currently conduct relief and development operations in Zimbabwe. Thirteen sector areas are addressed in programming including: adolescent reproductive health, agriculture, food security and land issues, business development, capacity building, disaster and emergency relief, education and training, environmental restoration, gender issues, health care, human rights, refugee and migration services, rural development, and water and sanitation.

The NGOs in this report have presented various objectives for their projects in Zimbabwe. A majority of the organizations specifically target the increasing consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, including orphans. Attention to the importance of education in the area of reproductive health emerged as a new sector for NGO work in Zimbabwe. Member organizations also focus heavily on nutrition as it relates to agriculture and rural development in Zimbabwe. Land insecurities has brought this issue into the forefront of NGO work in Zimbabwe. For some organizations the debate on land reform has provided additional challenges in working with local farmers.

Many NGOs have developed working relationships with each other, as well as with many local and international partners. Some of the organizations mentioned include: ZOCA and ZADF in Zimbabwe, USAID, USDA, UCAZ in the US, and a number of UN agencies including, UNAIDS, UNDP, and UNFPA.

Organizations by Sector Activity

Adolescent Reproductive Health

Young Men’s Christian Association
Agriculture, Food Security, Land Issues
Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Africare
CARE
Childreach/PLAN International
Church World Service
Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs
Counterpart International
Heifer Project
International City/County Management Association
Latter-day Saint Charities
Lutheran World Relief
Oxfam America
The Synergos Institute
Young Men’s Christian Association
World Vision

Business Development, Economics, Cooperatives, and Credit

Africare
CARE
Catholic Relief Services
Childreach/PLAN International
Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs
Counterpart International
Heifer Project

International City/County Management Association

Mercy Corps
Mobility International USA
Opportunity International
Oxfam America
Pact
The Synergos Institute
World Vision

Capacity Building

CARE
Church World Service
Pact

Disaster and Emergency Relief

Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Africare
Catholic Relief Services
Childreach/PLAN International
Church World Service
International City/County Management Association
Latter-day Saint Charities
Lutheran World Relief
Oxfam America
World Vision

Education and Training

Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Africare
The Brother’s Brother Foundation
Childreach/PLAN International
Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs
International City/County Management Association
Jesuit Refugee Service/USA
Latter-day Saint Charities
Lutheran World Relief
Mercy Corps
Mobility International USA
Oxfam America
Pact
Salvation Army World Service Office
The Synergos Institute
United Methodist Committee on Relief
US for UNICEF
World Vision
Young Men’s Christian Association

Environmental Restoration

Counterpart International
Gender Issues and Women in Development
CARE
Childreach/PLAN International
International City/County Management Association
Jesuit Refugee Service/USA
Mobility International USA
Oxfam America
The Synergos Institute
Young Men’s Christian Association
World Vision

Health Care (including HIV/AIDS)

Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Africare
CARE
Catholic Relief Services
Childreach/PLAN International
Counterpart International
Heifer Project
International City/County Management Association
Latter-day Saint Charities
Lutheran World Relief
Mercy Corps
Oxfam America
Pact
Salvation Army World Service Office
The Synergos Institute
United Methodist Committee on Relief
US for UNICEF
World Vision

Human Rights, Peace, and Conflict Resolutio
Catholic Relief Services
International City/County Management Association
Jesuit Refugee Service/USA
Oxfam America
US for UNICEF

Refugee and Migration Services

International City/County Management Association
Jesuit Refugee Service/US
Oxfam America

Rural Development

Africare
Childreach/PLAN International
Church World Service
Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs
Counterpart International
International City/County Management Association
Lutheran World Relief
Oxfam America
Salvation Army World Service Office
World Vision

Water and Sanitation

Church World Service
Counterpart International
Latter-day Saint Charities
US for UNICEF

Glossary of Acronyms

Acronym
InterAction Members
ADRA Adventist Development and Relief Agency
BBF The Brother’s Brother FoundationCatholic Relief Services
CNFA Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs, Inc.
CRS Catholic Relief Services
CWS Church World Service
HP (HPI) Heifer Project (Heifer Project International)
ICMA International City/County Management Association
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
LSDC Latter-day Saints Charities
LWR Lutheran World Relief
MIUSA Mobility International USA
UMCOR United Methodist Committee on Relief
UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund
YMCA Young Men’s Christian Association
Other Acronyms
ACT Action by Churches Together
ADP Area Development Program
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ASO AIDS Support Organizations
AVP Agribusiness Volunteer Program
CC Christian Care
CCJP Catholic Church’s Justice and Peace
CEM Community Ecosystem Management
CFU Commercial Farmer’s Union
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
COMMUTECH Community Technology Development Trust
CSO Civil Society Organizations
GOZ Government of Zimbabwe
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFESH International Foundation for Education and Self-Help
LDS Lutheran Development Services
MDC MDC Movement for Democratic Change
NFBPA National Forum for Black Public Administrators
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NICA Nutritional Initiatives in Communal Areas
NORAD Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation
RAISE Rural Agricultural Input Supply Expansion
SADC South African Development Community
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
TB Tuberculosis
UCAZ Urban Councils Association of Zimbabwe
UMP Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe
UN United Nations
UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities
UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USCC United States Catholic Conference of Bishops
USD United States Dollars
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
WHDP Women’s Health Development Project
WMN Women’s Microcredit Network
ZADF Zimbabwe American Development Foundation
ZOCA Zimbabwe Organizational Capacity Assessment

Adventist Development and Relief Agency

US Contact
Ron Mataya, M.D.
12501 Columbia Pike
Silver Spring, MD 20904
Tel: 301-680-5165
Fax: 301-680-6370
Email: 112201.2641@compuserve.com

Zimbabwe Contact
Frank Boniface
PO Box 573
41 Lawley Road
Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-9-70681/2 or 263-9-70691
Fax: 263-9-76059
Email: sdazwu@acacia.samara.co.zw

Introduction to Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

The Adventist Development and Relief Agency International (ADRA) is an independent, humanitarian agency established by the Seventh-day Adventist Church with the specific purpose of individual and community development and disaster relief. Established in 1956, ADRA helps people without regard to age, ethnicity, or political or religious association.

Adventist Development and Relief Agency in Zimbabwe

ADRA Zimbabwe is a registered non-governmental organization (NGO) with the Ministry of Social Welfare. Initially set up for relief purposes, ADRA Zimbabwe now focuses primarily on development and the reduction of poverty. Most of the ADRA projects are based in Matabeleland Province because the region is prone to drought.

Water projects are a major activity due to dryness of the region. ADRA Zimbabwe is currently building a dam in Spring Fontein, about 15 km from Bulawayo. This dam and other completed water projects, including water treatment, enable more consistent agricultural production.

At ADRA’s horticultural training center, hundreds of people have learned how to operate productive garden markets, raising food for their own consumption as well as for income.

ADRA has organized HIV/AIDS awareness programs for school children. In light of estimates of HIV/AIDS affecting 25% of Zimbabweans, ADRA is actively promoting education and healthful lifestyles. Due to the increasing number of orphans, ADRA is building orphanages such as those in Odzi near Mutare and Waterfalls in Harare.

Africare

US Contact
Kevin Lowther
Regional Director, Southern Africa
Africare House
440 R Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Email: Klowther@africare.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Ruth Mufute
Country Representative
Africare/Zimbabwe
PO Box 308
Greendale, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-496453
Fax: 263-4-498108
Email: africare@mweb.co.zw

Introduction to Africare

Africare is a private, nonprofit organization founded in 1971. Africare works to improve the quality of life in Africa, with programs in agriculture, water resource development, natural resource management, health care, emergency relief, private sector development and governance.

Africare in Zimbabwe

For 20 years, Africare has been serving the needs of rural communities in Zimbabwe. Working closely with local authorities, Africare seeks to improve the quality of life in rural areas through the development of water resources, increased food production and processing, effective delivery of health services and sustainable small enterprise development.

Ongoing projects include:

Soyabean Production, Processing and Utilization

The goal of the project is to improve the household food security and level of income in the identified sites through promotion of soyabean production, processing, utilization and marketing. The project is located in Mt. Darwin and Rushinga districts of Mashonaland Central Province. Primary funds for this project came from the Rockefeller Foundation in the amount of 100,000 USD.

Masvingo Edible Oils Processing

The main objective of the project is to improve the economic and nutritional status of rural people, especially women and youth by increasing the availability of affordable cooking oil and livestock feed. The project also aims to improve the living standards of rural people through the promotion of peanut butter production. It is located in Mwenezi and Masvingo districts of Masvingo Province. The primary donor in this project is NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation) in the amount of 200,000 USD.

Peanut Butter/Permaculture

The main objective of the project is to improve the living standards of rural people through the promotion of peanut butter production as well as low input agricultural production (permaculture). The project is located in Mt. Darwin and Rushinga districts of Mashonaland Central Province. Funding comes from the McKnight Foundation in the amount of 100,000 USD.

Promotion of Food Security Opportunities Opposing Drought (Pro-FOOD)

The goal of the project is to improve the household food security and income of smallholder farmers in the identified project sites, through the promotion of cassava, pigeon pea and sweet potato production, processing and utilization for both human and livestock consumption. The project is located in Zvishavane, Mberengwa and Shurugwi districts of Midlands Province and Gwanda and Beitridge districts of Matebeleland Province. Funding is from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in the amount of 75,000 USD.

Southern Africa Adolescent Reproductive Health

The project is aimed at improving the reproductive health of adolescents and young adults in Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe, the project is building upon existing community-based initiatives, many of which are isolated and operating on shoestring budgets. Such efforts are aimed at improving the quality of their activities, extending their reach, replicating the most effective approaches and strengthening their sustainability. The project is implemented in Bindura and Mt. Darwin districts of Mashonaland Central Province. Funding provided by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in the amount of 2,000,000 USD.

Mutasa HIV/AIDS

The project is a community-based initiative aimed at empowering male leaders, village community workers (mostly women) and youth with skills to educate the community at large on ways to protect themselves against HIV and STDs. The overall goal is to reduce the spread of these infections among youth as a priority group and to create a supportive environment for people living with AIDS. The project is located in Mutasa district in Manicaland Province. This project is funded by the Donor Foundation, the International Foundation and Patterson in the amounts of 75,000, 10,000, and 20,000 USD, respectively.

Community-based Orphan Care

The project promotes shared responsibility for the care of orphans within the society, strengthens the community’s capacity to address the growing number of orphans and creates awareness about the problem through the establishment of orphan care clubs in schools and churches. Orphan care clubs will engage in income generating activities and life skills development for orphaned children. The project is located in Mutasa district in Manicaland Province. Funding comes from the Donner Foundation in the amount of 50,000 USD.

Africare has involved one of the most diverse donor bases in the charitable world. Donors have ranged from philanthropic foundations, multinational corporations, the U.S. government, foreign governments and international agencies such as the United Nations to small businesses, community groups, religious groups, educational institutions, other private organizations and thousands of individuals.

The Brother’s Brother Foundation

US Contact
Karen Lensie
National Office
1200 Galveston Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15233
Tel: 412-321-3160
Fax: 412-321-3325
Email: mail@brothersbrother.org

Introduction to The Brother’s Brother Foundation (BBF)

The mission of BBF is to distribute donated medical, educational, agricultural, and humanitarian response resources to people in need of them internationally.

The Brother’s Brother Foundation in Zimbabwe

Since 1985, BBF has provided over 2,000,000 new books for use in over 3,000 schools. Most recently, BBF worked with the United Methodist Church to send new college books to the United Methodist Church sponsored Africa University in 2000.

CARE

Canada Contact
Nevin Orange
CARE Canada
PO Box 9000
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 4X6
Canada
Tel: 613-228-5618
Email: nevin@care.ca

Zimbabwe Contact
Dennis O’Brien
Country Director
CARE International in Zimbabwe
PO Box No. HG 937
Highlands, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-727986

Introduction to CARE

CARE’s mission is to serve individuals and families in the poorest communities in the world. Drawing strength from our global diversity, resources and experience, CARE promotes innovative solutions and advocates for global responsibility. CARE facilitates lasting change by: strengthening capacity for self-help, providing economic opportunity, delivering relief in emergencies, influencing policy decisions at all levels, and addressing discrimination in all its forms. Guided by the aspirations of local communities, CARE pursues their mission with both excellence and compassion because of CARE’s belief that the people whom they serve deserve nothing less.

CARE in Zimbabwe

CARE’s purpose in Zimbabwe is to empower disadvantaged and poor households to meet their basic needs. CARE aims to create an enabling environment that leads to improved organizational competence and better product delivery and design. CARE’s goals in Zimbabwe include: expanding geographically and adding value to current programmes, diversifying programming scope, demonstrating programmatic excellence, developing greater financial and programmatic self-reliance, and developing and implementing capacity building mechanisms.

CARE currently engages in three major projects located in various regions. Directed towards needs of health, economic activity and agriculture; they include:

Nutrition Initiatives in Communal Areas Project (NICA)

The NICA is an initiative on micronutrient fortification for the rural areas of Zimbabwe. The project aims at reducing malnutrition and micronutrient disorders among economically vulnerable groups. Recently, the project has been working on the introduction of food-based strategies for combating micronutrient deficiencies. These strategies were accompanied by effective nutrition communication strategies and have brought a new awareness and demand for micronutrient-rich foods. The project comprises three major components: Agricultural-processing by women's groups, small scale fortification by millers and women's groups and a school nutrition programme. This project works primarily in the Zvishavane and Mberengwa districts.

Women’s Health Development Project (WHDP)

The WHDP aims at improving household food security and nutritional status by increasing income at household level. The project explores the effects of an integrated, multi-pronged approach to malnutrition, focusing activities on income-generating agro-processing, capacity building for small micro-enterprises, community-based preventive health care and the improved supply of agricultural inputs. The major components of the project are: Organization and strengthening of women's groups, delivery of community managed health and nutrition services, and income generating through agricultural-processing activities. This project works primarily in the Mberengwa district. Agent Project

The Agribusiness Entrepreneur network and Training project aims at increasing the agricultural productivity and incomes of men and women farmers in the communal areas of Zimbabwe. To achieve this the project strategy includes: establishing a network of market-driven based Agents to sell agricultural inputs to small-scale farmers, assisting the private sector to identify and develop strategies to assume full responsibility for managing the Agent programme, piloting output marketing mechanisms using the Agent network and farmer association to provide higher returns to small-holder farmers; designing and implementing systems which will inform project management and document achievements with respect to changes in small-holder farmers' livelihoods. This project works primarily in the Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland provinces.

The current projects work with the University of Zimbabwe, Rural District Councils, District Administrators, Agritex, the Ministry of Health, and assorted private sectors. The major source of funding comes from The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Budgets for the current projects exceed 5.7 million Canadian dollars.

Catholic Relief Services

US Contact
Krista Riddley
Catholic Relief Services
209 West Fayette Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Tel: 410-625-2220 X3554
Email: kriddley@catholicrelief.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Janet Trucker
Catholic Relief Services
Zimbabwe Program
103 Livingstone Avenue
Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-736736 263-4-792072
Email: crszim@crs.icon.co.zw

Introduction to Catholic Relief Services (CRS)

Catholic Relief Services carries out relief and development programs in more than 80 countries around the world. Founded in 1943, CRS is the official overseas relief and development agency of the United States Catholic Conference of Bishops (USCCB). CRS provides assistance on the basis of need, regardless of nationality, race or religion. CRS works towards its mission by responding to victims of natural and man-made disasters; by providing assistance to the poor to alleviate their immediate needs; by supporting self-help programs which involve people and communities in their own development; by helping those it serves to restore and preserve their dignity and to realize their potential; and by helping to educate the American people to fulfill their moral responsibilities in alleviating human suffering, removing its causes and promoting social justice.

Catholic Relief Services in Zimbabwe

The CRS Zimbabwe program seeks to alleviate poverty in its broadest sense and to foster peace and justice. CRS/Zimbabwe supports programming that increases disadvantaged groups' control over their social, economic, and political lives, by strengthening civil society, increasing income and improving the health and welfare of the poor majority. The program benefits approximately 760,000 people directly, and over 2,500,000 people indirectly and has a program value of over 2.6 million USD. The goal of the program is to counter the negative effects of colonization and apartheid, which led to uneven economic development, disempowerment of the majority of the population, chronic poverty, war and a weakened economy. This is carried out through solidarity with local partners including diocesan and other Church organizations as well as local NGOs. CRS Zimbabwe’s main programming areas are HIV/AIDS, Justice and Peace and Micro-Finance. CRS Zimbabwe also intervenes in emergency situations. In response to the overwhelming pandemic striking the sub-continent and particularly Zimbabwe, CRS is significantly expanding its HIV/AIDS programming to serve more families and communities that are affected.

HIV/AIDS

CRS supports an integrated set of interventions designed to provide care, support and prevention services to families and communities affected by HIV/AIDS in Manicaland, Matabeleland North and South, Midlands and Masvingo Provinces as well as the urban and peri-urban areas of Harare and Bulawayo. CRS/Zimbabwe works in partnership with local organizations to provide affected communities with HIV/AIDS education, orphan care, counseling, spiritual and psycho-social support, as well as home-based care to people infected by HIV/AIDS. Bringing the care of the terminally ill back into the hands of the communities promotes solidarity with the sick and dying and ensures that they may pass away with dignity as they succumb to a devastating disease. At the same time assistance is provided to communities to support income generating activities that benefit affected families and children. CRS also works with youth groups, and organizations that work with youth, in prevention activities. CRS/Zimbabwe HIV/AIDS interventions benefit 750,000 people directly and more than 1,800,000 people indirectly.

Micro-Finance

In the Micro-finance sector, CRS projects in Zimbabwe work to provide access to credit for the informal sectors in disadvantaged communities. These programs target the self-employed poor who have little or no access to formal credit, with a special emphasis on reaching women. Typically, women use loans and savings to invest in their businesses, and utilize additional income to meet household needs such as more and better food, improved housing, health care, children's school fees, and savings for emergency use. CRS has also begun a program that targets communities that are participants in CRS supported HIV/AIDS activities, providing them with micro-finance services in order to increase their incomes. These activities are carried out in Masvingo, Midlands, and Manicaland Provinces benefiting a total of 3,900 people directly and 42,000 people indirectly.

Human Rights, Justice and Peace

CRS/Zimbabwe works with the local Catholic Church's Justice and Peace (CCJP) Commissions as well as local NGOs, promoting conflict management, civic education, participation, and the promotion of equality in rights, access to and the control of resources for the politically and economically marginalized. One of the projects has established Community Justice and Peace Committees in rural areas. In turn, these committees help the communities articulate their problems, prioritize needs, formulate intervention strategies and negotiate with local authorities more effectively. Volunteers are also working with high school human rights groups, which are actively educating their peer groups and communities about justice issues that concern the young. Activities are carried out in the Matabeleland North and Midlands Provinces. The project directly benefits 6,200 people while 720,000 people benefit indirectly.

Emergency

In addition to regular programming, CRS is often called upon to provide relief in emergency situations. In the spring of 2000, Southern Africa suffered from the most devastating floods in the last century. The floods caused incredible amounts of damage. CRS quickly moved into action after the floods to meet the most pressing needs of the affected population as well as rehabilitating and training people to prepare for and mitigate the effects of future disasters.

Childreach/PLAN International

US Contact
Hugh C. Minor IV
Communications Officer
Childreach/PLAN International
155 Plan Way
Warwick, RI 02886
Tel: 410-738-5600 ext. 177
Fax: 410-738-5608
Email: minor@childreach.org

Zimbabwe Contact
PLAN International
Zimbabwe Country Office
98/100 Central Avenue
Harare
Private Bag 7232
Highlands, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-708383/4/5/6
Fax: 263-4-796283

Introduction to Childreach/Plan International

PLAN is a humanitarian, child-focused development organization. Child sponsorship is the basic foundation of the organization. For more than 60 years, PLAN has stood for the rights of children, and has helped millions of children realize their potential to contribute to society and be actors in their own growth and development as world citizens.

Childreach/Plan International in Zimbabwe

The programs of PLAN-Zimbabwe concentrate on four areas: food security and poverty alleviation, primary health care enhancement, childhood and youth development and communication for development.

Current projects in Zimbabwe include:

Agriculture and Food Production:

Provision of agricultural inputs and livestock, irrigation, micro-enterprise development, land conservation, and agricultural training.

Building Relationships:

Plan Zimbabwe continues to support the Plan Domain – Building Relationships – by developing communication materials to explain life and development work in the country. Products include an Annual Program Report, cross-cultural communication, informal reports, and letters and drawings from children to donors.

Business Development, Cooperatives, and Credit:

Children participate in economic activities although their participation is not always recognized by society members. They herd domesticated animals and participate in farming activities in the rural areas. The Chipinge Program Area is adjacent to small- scale tea, coffee and cotton farms and during school holidays children help their parents supplement their cash income by assisting them on these farms.

Education/Training (Learning):

Our Program Units are assisting with the provision of school uniforms and/or payment of school fees for secondary schools as a method of reducing the high drop out rate which exists between primary and secondary school levels as well as encouraging more girls to continue with their education. PLAN is also assisting communities with provision of pre-school facilities. In addition to provision of facilities PLAN is also undertaking community awareness campaigns on pre-schools.

PLAN is also involved in construction of new classrooms and renovation of old ones, to help improve the learning environment for children.

Gender Issues/Women in Development:

All PLAN staff have received Gender Equity training. Women are encouraged through the formation of social groups to actively participate in community development activities. In order to address gender inequity issues, PLAN Zimbabwe plans to develop a policy document on gender, which will help ensure that gender equity is integrated into all PLAN program activities.

Health Care (Growing Up Healthy):

PLAN is assisting with constructing and equipping new health facilities. With the increasing number of children orphaned due to HIV/AIDS, PLAN is implementing activities that relate to children facing difficulties, as well as to the extended family. These families have traditionally taken the responsibility to care for orphans but, with the severity of the problem, can no longer cope with the problem.

Rural Development (Habitat):

The establishment of new water sources such as boreholes, deep wells, shallow wells and rehabilitation of existing ones are activities being implemented in our rural program. In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, PLAN Zimbabwe is implementing activities, that aim to increase the number of latrines at the household level and at institutions such as schools and clinics. PLAN is also involved in health and hygiene education, including awareness campaigns and workshops at community level and in primary and secondary schools.

PLAN Zimbabwe’s program operations cover eight rural districts including Mutare, Mutasa, Chipinge, Chiredzi, Mwenezi, Tsholotsho, Zivagwe and Mutoko. Plan International also has operations in peri-urban communities in Epworth in Harare, Pumula and Hyde Park in Bulawayo and Tsvovane in Chiredzi. PLAN works cooperatively with local governments, community organizations, NGOs and businesses. Overall, the programs work with over 54,000 families in both urban and rural communities.

Funding for Childreach/PLAN International comes from individual donors (through sponsorship contributions), grants, and other sources.

Church World Service

US Contact
Donna J. Derr
Church World Service
110 Maryland Ave, NE
Washington, DC 20002
Tel: 202-543-1297
Email: donnajderr@aol.com

Introduction to Church World Service (CWS)

Church World Service partners with churches and organizations in more than 80 countries, working to meet human needs and foster self-reliance for all whose way is hard. CWS works worldwide on behalf of 36 Protestant, Anglican, and Orthodox communions in the U.S., in programs of social and economic development, emergency response, assistance to refugees, education and advocacy, and ecumenical relationships.

Church World Service in Zimbabwe

CWS’s goals in Zimbabwe include assisting partners in Zimbabwe with disaster relief, capacity building and development assistance. CWS is supporting Christian Care, a long-time CWS partner. Christian Care is a Zimbabwean ecumenical organization of 27 Zimbabwean Christian churches and church-related organizations.

This response includes components of food for work, water and sanitation, supplementary feeding for infants and young children, and school feeding. Christian Care is making food immediately available to 14,900 adults, 1,500 children below five years of age and 1,500 school-age children in regions affected by the drought and floods. The locations of the programs are in Harare, Matebeleland and Midlands.

Christian Care coordinates its activities with other church based NGOs in Zimbabwe.

Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs, Inc.

US Contact
Andrea Lima
Program Coordinator
1111 19th Street NW, Suite 900
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: 202-296-3920
Fax: 202-296-3948

Zimbabwe Contact
Nicky Benn
Regional Director
176 Enterprise Road
Triton Centre #4
CH502 Chisipite, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-480-955/8
Fax: 263-4-480-954
Email: mticht@icon.cnfa.co.zw

Introduction to Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs (CNFA)

The Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs, Inc (CNFA) is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to stimulating economic growth in emerging and developing world markets. CNFA takes a multi-pronged approach to promoting agricultural development in poor countries from training farmers and members of farmer’s organizations at the grass-roots to brokering joint ventures between American and foreign agribusinesses.

CNFA’s goal is to improve the lives of small-scale and private farmers and agribusiness entrepreneurs in the former Soviet Union and southern Africa. CNFA provides training, using ordinary Americans who are farmers and agribusiness professionals.

Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia and South Africa, CNFA runs the Agribusiness Volunteer Program (AVP), sending American agribusiness volunteers overseas for short-term technical training assignments with small holder farmers or businesspeople in Southern Africa.

AVP volunteers travel to southern Africa to show groups of farmers how to analyze which crops to grow, how to work together to buy inputs at lower prices and to sell their produce at higher prices. Additionally, AVP volunteers have made significant contributions by assisting African farmers in building institutions to represent farmers in advocating agricultural policy in their countries.

In Zimbabwe, CNFA’s Agmark program has been linking small holder farmers to markets since it began operations in 1999. Agmark’s first initiative, RAISE (Rural Agricultural Input Supply Expansion Program) is improving the supply of agricultural inputs to small-scale farmers by strengthening village retailers and helping them qualify as distributors for agricultural input supply companies.

Building on its success with RAISE, Agmark recently launched new programs to expand the supply of for-hire tillage and other agricultural equipment to meet the needs of smallholder farmers unable to afford equipment purchases.

The CNFA Agribusiness Volunteer Program is part of the U.S. foreign aid program, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The Agmark program is funded by USDA monetization proceeds.

Since its inception, AVP has sent 100 volunteers to Southern Africa, who have trained over 2000 individuals. AVP has also just begun a partnership with Florida A&M University for its Southern Africa programs.

Counterpart International, Inc.

US Contact
Aaron Becker
Program Manager
Forest Garden Program
Counterpart International
1200 18th Street NW Suite 1100
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: 202-296-9676
Fax: 202-296-9679
Email: abecker@counterpart.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Dr. Mavis Chidzonga
14 Louis Road Amby, Greendale
PO Box 6316
Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-705-353/ 700-191
Fax: 263-4-739-191
Email: mtchidzo@africaonline.co.zw

Introduction to Counterpart International

Founded in 1965, Counterpart International is a non-profit, international development organization dedicated to helping people in need in the areas of civil society, private enterprise, environmental resource management, food security, humanitarian relief and health care. It does this by building the capacity of local partners - nongovernmental organizations, businesses, governments and other institutions - to solve their own, self-defined economic, ecological, political and social problems in ways that are sustainable, practical and independent. Those benefiting from programs Counterpart develops and implements typically include: women, disabled, internally displaced and other at-risk people; nongovernmental organizations dedicated to strengthening democracy and civil society; environmental groups helping people protect and restore their fragile local ecosystems in ways that are environmentally sustainable and economically sound; entrepreneurs in need of business training, financing and support services; and disaster victims displaced because of natural disasters or civil strife. Counterpart International programs and commitment to Zimbabwe are rooted in the mission to build a just world through service and partnership.

Counterpart International in Zimbabwe

Counterpart International formalized its activities in Zimbabwe in 1998. Counterpart’s work is rooted within rural communities and underscored by strong local partnerships spanning both the private and public sector. Zimbabwe programs are community-based and participatory in approach.

Women's Microcredit Network (WMN):

The Women’s Network is conducted in partnership with Counterpart Zimbabwe. With the support of a 105,000 USD grant from the McKnight Foundation, WMN has created a credit program targeting poor rural women in the area of Mhondoro, Zimbabwe. Over the next two years, the project will provide credit to more than 500 women in this central region, positively affecting a projected total of 5,000 family members. Additionally, Counterpart Zimbabwe is receiving support on an institutional level, with technical assistance in capacity building and microfinance provided by Counterpart International and other local NGOs.

Forest Garden Zimbabwe Program

The Forest Garden Program is a three-year program funded by AusAID under its Africa NGO Food Security Initiative, and implemented by Counterpart, its Australian affiliate (AFAP), Counterpart Zimbabwe and the Community Technology Development Trust (COMMUTECH). The program is increasing food security and restoring the natural productivity of rural Zimbabwean environments. Specifically, the program provides economically viable and environmentally sound opportunities for diversifying food crop production and raising agricultural incomes, while simultaneously restoring degraded and deforested lands. This program profiles successful ongoing programs implemented by the Counterpart International network in challenging social and environmental situations in Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Mexico and Bosnia.

Forest Gardens are human-managed, organic agro-forestry systems mimicking the form, function, and diversity of native forests. Forest Gardens complement and supplement subsistence crops and integrate native biodiversity and appropriate cash crops to increase the land's productivity, build healthy soils, and improve rural livelihoods. Forest Gardens as a polyculture regime are also beneficial to local environments and are informed by community-based planning. Importantly, while providing innovative and modern agricultural technologies, Forest Gardens incorporate local/indigenous knowledge and techniques, thus creating a program that is adaptable to community defined skill and need.

The three major activity outputs achieving the food security objective include:

1) Establishment/Enhancement of Village Farmer's Groups- including a seeds-tools fund for agricultural and reforestation inputs and market development activities for agricultural products.

2) Forest Garden Home Plots- entailing Community Resource Management Planning, Individual Farm Planning, and Nursery/Seed Bank establishment.

3) Technical Training and Outreach- Based on a Community Ecosystem Management (CEM) approach with training in a range of activities, including: dryland techniques, seed saving and propagation, composting and organic fertilizer, soil and water management and conservation, and administrative and capacity building skills for farmer's groups.

Counterpart International’s programs are located across Zimbabwe in the following locations: Chibhamu Village, Chegutu, Makoni District Kadzima Village, Nyanga, Ndoro Village, Murehwa, Gwamura Village, Goromonzi, Mukona Village, Uzumba-Maramba-Pfungwe (UMP).

Heifer Project

US Contact
Joe Schafer
Heifer Project International
1015 Louisiana
Little Rock, AR 72202
Tel: 501-907-2600
Email: joe.schafer@heifer.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Robson Zimuto
Heifer Project Zimbabwe
84 10th Street
PO Box 855
Gweru, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-54-26540
Fax: 263-54-21640
Email: hpizim@telco.co.zw

Introduction to Heifer Project

The mission of Heifer Project International is to work with communities to end hunger and poverty and care for the earth.

Heifer Project in Zimbabwe

Heifer Project International began its work in Zimbabwe in 1985. Today, Heifer Project (HP) Zimbabwe is recognized as a fully authorized local NGO with a local advisory board of five members. Through 2000, HP Zimbabwe has managed more than 60 community projects with benefits to over 6,000 individual households.

Working with numerous grassroots community organizations, the objectives of the HP Zimbabwe program are to increase household protein consumption and income and introduce environmentally sound and sustainable agricultural practices. HP Zimbabwe projects generally include draft animal restocking; small livestock placement, primarily poultry, pigs, and goats; small-scale dairy farming; and the distribution of beef cattle and donkeys.

HP Zimbabwe manages projects in five provinces: Masvingo, Midlands, Manicaland, Matebeleland North and Mashonaland East.

HP Zimbabwe helps small farmers produce more protein and increase income by providing them with quality livestock and related support, provides training programs emphasizing good health, nutrition and management practices, and develops livestock breeding programs.

HP Zimbabwe gives priority to funding projects in which women, with their families, participate. The program works with communities to address gender imbalances in a manner appropriate to community norms, culture, and values. Key aspects of the gender program include resource access and control, leadership and decision-making authority, and division of labor.

HP Zimbabwe assists smallholder farmers market farm commodities through training in basic marketing concepts and the establishment of marketing associations and centers. All livestock recipients receive training in financial management and record keeping. HP Zimbabwe works to strengthen local cooperatives through training in organizational skills, leadership, and governance. Credit, in the form of livestock, is extended to farmers. Loan repayment is made to the group when the recipient passes on an offspring of the original animal to another group family.

HP Zimbabwe strives to work in partnership with local entities and organizations. Current and former partners include Africa 2000, the Binga Women’s Association, the Dabane Trust, the YWCA, various GOZ departments, churches, Oxfam Great Britian, the McKnight Foundation, and Bread for the World.

As part of a community experiencing one of the highest HIV/AIDS incidence rates in the world, HP Zimbabwe is particularly concerned with the impact of AIDS on those with whom we work. HP Zimbabwe works with other Heifer Project International (HPI) Africa Country Programs to develop and implement coordinated strategies addressing the impact of AIDS on the family and community. The traditional objectives of HPI work – to improve household nutrition and increase income – are impacts that have an obvious relationship to human health. Improved nutrition can increase the life expectancy of the HIV positive. Additionally, providing tangible assets, in the form of livestock, to families with HIV/AIDS victims can make it possible for those families to survive and provide support to extended members. Additionally, HP Zimbabwe has developed trusting relationships with rural communities who may not have access to health care information. In partnership with other organizations, HP Zimbabwe can provide these communities access to this information.

International City/County Management Association

US Contact
Corrine Rothblum
Senior Program Manager
International Municipal Programs, ICMA
777 North Capitol Street NE, Suite 500
Washington, DC20002-4201
Tel: 202-962-3516
Email: crothblum@icma.org

Introduction to International City/County Management Association (ICMA)

The purposes of ICMA are to enhance the quality of local government and to support and assist professional local administrators in the United States and other countries.

International City/County Management Association in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe, ICMA’s primary goal is to provide technical assistance to the Urban Councils Association of Zimbabwe (UCAZ) to strengthen its capacity to meet the needs of its members (the 24 local governments and key local officials) for advocacy, training, information dissemination, and public policy research services. The vehicle for this assistance is a partnership between UCAZ and the National Forum for Black Public Administrators (NFBPA).

Specific partnership objectives include:

1) To assist UCAZ establish a "market-driven," self-sustaining training institute

2) To assist UCAZ develop a "tool-kit" for advocacy and lobbying;

3) To enhance UCAZ's public policy research capabilities;

4) To assist UCAZ develop a strategy to diversify and sustain the organization's revenues.

The program is implemented through a series of technical exchange visits between UCAZ and NFBPA staff and board members, with frequent e-mail communications and exchange of information between visits.

The primary fund source for this partnership comes from USAID/Harare. The scale of programs includes 100,000 USD as USAID contribution and 29,850 USD as NFBPA in-kind contribution.

Jesuit Refugee Service/USA

US Contact
Fr. Rick Ryscavage
Director, JRS/USA
1616 P Street, N.W. Suite 300
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: (202) 462-0400
Fax: (202) 328-9212
Email: jrsusa@jesuit.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Stanislous Galantino
Project Director
2 JRS Harare,
Box CY284
Causeway, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-708998
Fax: 263-4-721119
Email: southern.africa@jesref.org

Introduction to Jesuit Refugee Service/USA (JRS)

JRS is an international Catholic organization whose mission is to accompany, serve and defend the rights of refugees and forcibly displaced.

Jesuit Refugee Service in Zimbabwe

JRS in Zimbabwe has two sets of activities, one is to offer complimentary services where such services are not being provided by other refugee agency partners, and secondly to plead the cause of refugees in the country. It is estimated that around 4,000 refugees reside in Zimbabwe.

JRS provides complimentary services to those of government, UNHCR and ICMC, the three large partners in refugee work.

JRS concentrates on the vulnerable, children, expectant mothers, and the sick and disabled. They also provide limited scholarships for education and training. JRS has aided in establishing a community centre/library in the Tongogara refugee camp (located to the south-east of the country). They are also involved with refugee groups in conflict resolution and peace promotion, tracing refugee families, and with lobbying on behalf of refugees where their rights have not been respected (detention issues, access to advice and help, unfair discrimination, employment opportunities, etc).

In Zimbabwe, JRS is primarily funded by the Dutch agency Cordaid. JRS works closely with the government department of Social Welfare and the Commissioner of Refugees, ICMC, ICRC, different Church groups, and is a member of ParinAc.

Recently JRS has become involved in assessing the likelihood of large numbers of IDPs being created by growing levels of political violence, ahead of presidential elections next year. JRS in Zimbabwe is in touch with JRS in neighboring countries, so as to monitor contingency plans in those countries. JRS is also attempting to establish a network of churches and NGOs concerned about the effects of forced displacement, especially from rural and farm communities.

Latter-day Saint Charities

US Contact
Wade Sperry
50 E North Temple Street
Seventh Floor
Salt Lake City, UT 84150
Tel: 801-240-1201
Email: SperryWJ@ldschurch.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Robert Eppel
Administration Office- Africa Southeast
5a Jubilee Road
Parktown 2193
Republic of South Africa
Tel: 011-27-11-645-1501
Email: EppelR@ldschurch.org

Introduction to Latter-day Saint Charities (LDSC)

LDSC has a three-fold mission: 1) to relieve suffering by providing relief to people temporarily deprived of the means to sustain life or of basic necessities; 2) to strengthen the capacities of individuals and families for productivity and self-reliance through opportunities for increased knowledge, skills, and resources; and 3) to build the capacities of communities and institutions to serve others by providing goods, services, training and financial assistance. Sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, LDSC enables church members and others to render appropriate charitable assistance through a professionally managed entity in many countries of the world.

Unique in its support structure, LDSC has access to the developed resources of the church, which include food production and processing, grain storage, vocational rehabilitation and employment, donated used clothing and social services. LDSC works both independently and in cooperation with other charitable relief and development organizations (international and indigenous) in meeting the relief and self-reliance needs of deprived populations.

Latter-day Saint Charities in Zimbabwe

LDSC has been active in relief and development programs throughout Zimbabwe since 1988. The focus in Zimbabwe includes: agriculture and food production, disaster and emergency relief, health and sanitation, literacy and education, and economic development. Project activities include vocational training, the distribution of medical and educational supplies, borehole construction for potable water and irrigation, training of physicians and health care providers, and providing donations of food and clothing for needy individuals and orphanages.

LDSC works in cooperation with many local, international, and governmental agencies including Africare, Zimbabwe Child Survival and Development Foundation, Save the Children, National Council of Negro Women, National Council of Disabled Persons, National Organization for the Development of the Disadvantaged, International Foundation for Education and Self-Help (IFESH), Adult Literacy Organization of Zimbabwe, Rotary International, Fatima Rural Women Development and Network, Laubach Literacy International, and the Ministry of Health.

The total value of assistance is 8.01 million USD.

Lutheran World Relief

US Contact
Kenlynn Schroeder
Director of Grants, Emergencies, and Material Resources
700 Light Street
Baltimore, MD 21230
Tel: 410-230-2700
Fax: 410-230-2882
Email: kschroeder@lwr.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Lutheran Development Service
2 Don Hidden Close
PO Box 988
Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-457-0162/3117
Fax: 263-457-0675
Email: lwfzim@utande.co.zw

Introduction to Lutheran World Relief (LWR)

Lutheran World Relief works in partnership with 95 international and local NGOs in fifty projects in 51 countries to respond to emergencies and to promote sustainable development. Founded by U.S. Lutherans in 1945 to assist European refugees after World War II, LWR today works to build the local capacity of its partners to deliver goods and services in line with its mission to 1) alleviate suffering caused by natural disaster, conflict or poverty, 2) enable marginalized people to meet basic needs and improve their lives and 3) promote a peaceful, just and sustainable global community. LWR and its partners give assistance regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, or political affiliation.

Lutheran World Relief in Zimbabwe

LWR’s work in Zimbabwe can be divided into two major projects:

Christian Care (CC)

The program goal is to improve the quality of life for selected communities by making food, water and sanitation facilities available to the most drought/flood affected communities. To achieve this goal, CC plans to provide school supplementary feedin, provide supplementary feeding to children under five years in order to reduce malnutrition rates to five percent, and to rehabilitate or construct water and sanitation facilities and irrigation systems through food for work programs. Current programs are located in Harare, Matebeleland and Midlands.

Lutheran Development Services (LDS)

The program goal is to prevent starvation by providing immediate assistance to those in need. To achieve this goal, LDS plans to provide school supplementary feeding, and supplementary feeding to children under five, and to rehabilitate or construct schools, and dams and to participate in agricultural conservation activities. Currently these projects take place in Midlands (the Zvishavane and Mberengwa Districts), Matebele South (Beitbridge and Gwanda Districts), and Masvingo (Chivi and Mwenezi Districts).

LWR contributes to the Action by Churches Together (ACT) appeal in coordination with donor agencies in North America and Europe. LWR is a member of ACT, an alliance of churches and agencies working in more than 60 countries and assisting thousands of men, women and children to recover from natural disasters, war and civil conflict.

In support of these projects, LWR has contributed over 2,020,339 USD. The projects combined provide aid to over 82,000 individuals in the areas mentioned.

Mercy Corps International

US Contact
Mark Ferdig
Program Officer
3030 SW First Avenue
Portland, Oregon 97201
Tel: 503-471-2493
Email: mferdig@mercycorps.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Forthcoming

Introduction to Mercy Corps International

Mercy Corps International is a nonprofit voluntary organization which exists to alleviate suffering, poverty, and oppression by helping people build secure, productive, and just communities.

Mercy Corps International in Zimbabwe

Mercy Corps efforts in Zimbabwe focus on supporting the institutional capacity and business viability of Community Based Organizations; as well as on providing opportunities for youth through educational support, vocational training, business training and apprenticeship placements. Emphasis is placed on organizations and individuals that are supporting efforts related to or impacted by HIV/AIDS.

Mercy Corps will be opening local offices in November of 2001 and will be engaging in projected work throughout Harare and Mutare.

Mobility International USA

US Contact
Mobility International USA
PO Box 10767
Eugene, OR 97440
Tel: 541-343-1284
Fax: 541-343-6812
Email: development@miusa.org

Introduction to Mobility International USA (MIUSA)

As a US-based national non-profit organization, the mission of Mobility International USA (MIUSA) is to empower people with disabilities around the world through international exchange, information, technical assistance and training, and to ensure the inclusion of people with disabilities in international exchange and development programs.

Mobility International USA in Zimbabwe

MIUSA has been partnering with organizations working with women with disabilities in Zimbabwe on various projects for around 10 years. Currently, MIUSA has initiated a new microcredit project which will utilize these partnerships. Other programs involving Zimbabwe contacts have included leadership and employment training.

The goals of the microcredit project include:

1) Empower women with disabilities to break the cycle of poverty by creating access to small loans to develop microenterprise and opportunities for self-employment.

2) Provide a model upon which other microcredit funders can build in order to effectively serve and include women with disabilities in microcredit programs.

3) Bring international perspectives to women with disabilities in the US by demonstrating innovative strategies for income generation taken by women with disabilities.

MIUSA partners with the National Council of Disabled Persons of Zimbabwe in Bulawayo, Development Initiatives and Services in Bulawayo, and the Southern African Federation of the Disabled Women’s Committee, Bulawayo.

Opportunity International

US Contact
Ken Koskela
Director, International Business Development
2122 York Road, Suite 340
Oak Brook, IL 60523
Tel: 630-645-4100 ext. 240
Fax: 630-645-1458
Email: KKoskela@opportunity.org

Zimbabwe Contact

Tawanda Sibanda
Zambuko Trust
6 Aberdeen Road
Avondale, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel:263-4-333692, 302495
Fax: 263-4-333641
Email: zambukohq@baobab.cszim.co.zw

Introduction to Opportunity International

Opportunity International is a Micro Finance Institution whose mission is to provide opportunities for people in chronic poverty to establish viable businesses and transform their lives. Opportunity’s strategy is to create jobs, stimulate small businesses, and strengthen communities among the poor. Since its inception, Opportunity International has provided more than 1 million jobs for the poor through micro-loans.

Opportunity International in Zimbabwe

Opportunity International provides microfinance services to the poor of Zimbabwe through its Partner, Zambuko Trust, headquartered in Harare. Zambuko Trust was established in 1992, and has earned its position as the outstanding provider of microenterprise development services in Zimbabwe. Zambuko offers three loan products to best suit the needs of its clients: Individual loans, Solidarity Group loans and Trust Bank loans. Through these loans, clients are able to build their business, increase their incomes and provide for their families.

Currently Zambuko maintains an active client base of 9,260 (up from 1,500 clients in 1995); 82 percent of Zambuko's loans are provided to women. The average loan size for Trust Bank clients is 75 USD and for individual clients is 137 USD, an indicator that Zambuko's clients are among the poorest of the working poor in Zimbabwe. Zambuko operates through twenty-five branch offices in the Masvingo Region, the Mutare Region, the Gweru Region, the Bulawayo Region, and the Harare Region.

Zambuko has partnered with international donors including USAID, AusAid, Hivos, the Austrian Government and the Royal Netherlands Embassy.

Oxfam America

US Contact
Heather Robinson
Program Officer for Southern Africa
Oxfam America 26 West St
Boston, MA 02111
Tel: 617-728-2463
Fax: 617-728-2595
Email: hrobinson@oxfamamerica.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Julio de Sousa
Regional Director
Oxfam America, Southern Africa
Oxfam America
10th Floor, Travel Centre
93 Jason Moyo Ave
PO Box 1233
Harare, Zimbabwe

Introduction to Oxfam America (Oxfam)

Oxfam America is dedicated to creating lasting solutions to hunger, poverty, and social injustice through long-term partnerships with poor communities around the world. As a privately funded organization, Oxfam speaks with conviction and integrity as it challenges the structural barriers that foster conflict and human suffering and limit people from gaining the skills, resources, and power to become self-sufficient.

Oxfam America in Zimbabwe

Oxfam’s specific objectives in Zimbabwe include contributing to the development of a sustainable leadership base and autonomous organizations that express the voice of civil society, empowering women through policy, legislative, and institutional reforms, empowering select communities to benefit from favorable legal frameworks in order to add value to land based resources, and creating knowledge situated in civil society through information sharing and dissemination, particularly in bridging the information gap between rural and urban communities.

Oxfam America works with partner organizations throughout Zimbabwe. Oxfam America's support focuses primarily on issues of gender equity and legal reform as well as the strengthening of local organizations to build stronger civil society. Land rights and land issues are also a main focus of Oxfam America's support in the Manicaland/Manica cross-border area of the countries of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Oxfam in Southern Africa works closely in coordination with other Oxfams in the region including Oxfam Great Britain, Oxfam Canada, Oxfam Belgium, and Oxfam Quebec. Oxfam America also participates in other NGO forum work and coordination in Zimbabwe led by the UNDP.

Oxfam operates with a budget of 500,000 USD in Zimbabwe which comes mainly from individual American donors, as well as small private grants from foundations and corporations.

Pact

US Contact
Dan Craun-Selka
Director Program Operations
Pact
1200 18th Street, NW, Suite 350
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: 202-466-5666
Fax: 202-466-5669

Zimbabwe Contact
John Rigby
Country Representative
PO Box CY 2157
Causeway, Harare
Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-250-941
Fax: 263-4-250-941

Introduction to Pact

Pact's mission is to help build strong communities globally that provide people with an opportunity to earn a dignified living, raise healthy families, and participate in democratic life. Pact achieves this by strengthening the capacity of grassroots organizations, coalitions and networks and by forging linkages among government, business and the citizen sectors to achieve social, economic and environmental justice.

Pact in Zimbabwe

Pact is currently implementing 3 programs in Zimbabwe. These are national projects based in Harare.

Zimbabwe American Development Foundation (ZADF)

The specific aim of ZADF is to strengthen the capacity of CSOs (Civil Society Organizations) to engage in effective advocacy at the Parliamentary level.

Pact strengthens organizational capacity through a combination of grant making and technical assistance and mentoring. The training and technical assistance covers the full range of advocacy elements, including establishing a sound constituency base, public policy analysis and development of alternatives, developing coalitions for advocacy and mobilizing public support for specific advocacy objectives, attending to the gender-specific dimensions of advocacy, effective engagement with Parliament as a institution, and follow-up to specific legislative enactments. Pact further strengthens CSOs through periodic workshops and one-on-one assistance and follow-up. In addition to capacity building for advocacy, Pact also provides technical assistance in the areas of financial management and administration as well as monitoring and evaluation.

A multi-dimensional planning and evaluation process enables CSOs to gauge their own effectiveness as advocacy organizations and is used by these organizations and Pact to establish priorities for capacity building for individual CSOs and for the group of CSOs as a whole. The process also provides a reasonably objective measurement of whether strengthened capacity leads to the attainment of specific policy results through legislative advocacy.

Pact provided grant assistance and/or institutional capacity building assistance to 16 national CSOs for legislative advocacy covering a wide range of issues: transparency in national budget issues, expansion of rights and opportunities of the disabled, gender-specific dimensions of all significant legislation, removal of regulatory constraints affecting AIDS orphans, expansion of authority for local government units, and policies affecting farm workers. The organizations were selected as a result of open bidding processes. Eight of the organizations are membership associations. The grant period for this project runs from October 1998 until September 2002.

Zimbabwe Strengthening Program-HIV/AIDS Prevention

Using a customized assessment tool for Zimbabwean organizations, called ZOCA (Zimbabwe Organizational Capacity Assessment), which emphasizes a participatory and developmental learning process, Pact is working with 15 AIDS Support Organizations (ASOs) to identify their strengths and weaknesses in working with communities. The results of applying the ZOCA serve to identify needed institutional strengthening activities that address the particular needs of each ASO, while allowing the group to learn with and from each other on key strategic issues. As such the project is a learning laboratory where new strategies and institutional approaches are developed within individual ASOs and then shared among the partner ASOs.

"Future search" workshops are a key component of the organizational strengthening program for all ASOs. Each organization and a large cross section of their community stakeholders meet to create a vision for responding to the crisis. The workshops look at such cross-cutting themes as community ownership of AIDS programs, how to decrease infection rates and stigmatization, and increasing the self-sufficiency of people living with AIDS. Additional training covers community facilitation, resource mobilization and monitoring and evaluation, depending on each organization's needs. Interim results include the following:

1) Facilitated a shift in the role of ASOs from service providers to facilitators that has resulted in a significant mobilization of community resources and ultimately to the possibility of long-term sustainable HIV/AIDS prevention and care strategies.

2) Increased involvement of traditional leadership, healers and church authorities in the planning and delivery of HIV/AIDS treatment at the community level, which has enhanced community participation and openness to HIVAIDS.

3) Facilitated creation of three AIDS networks to enable the ASOs to support and mentor each other.

4) Linked with the International HIV/AIDS Alliance to assist in the pre-test of a "toolkit" on external relations.

The grant for this project is from October 1997 until September 2002.

Zimbabwe NGO Strengthening Program-Orphan Control and Care

Pact is working with NGOs to strengthen their capacity to carry out the following three critical activities:

1) to facilitate the development of community-led orphan strategies;

2) to support communities in implementing these program in the long term;

3) and to replicate successful programs within other communities.

Pact provides training and mentoring to ensure that NGOs have the overall organizational capacity to manage and administer orphan-related programs with an emphasis on community and resource mobilization. Assistance will also include grants to NGOs to supplement and compliment training and mentoring. The grants will seek to ensure expanded coverage and improved quality of orphan care programs.

Salvation Army World Service Office

US Contact
Stacey Lissit
Salvation Army World Service Office
615 Slaters Lane, Box 269
Alexandria, VA 22313
Tel: 703-684-5528
Email: Stacey_Lissit@usn.salvationarmy.org

Zimbabwe Contact
The Salvation Army/Zimbabwe Territorial Headquarters
45 Josiah Chinamano Avenue
PO Box 14
Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-736666/7/8, 250107/8
Fax: 263-4-726658

Introduction to Salvation Army World Service Office (SAWSO)

The mission of the Salvation Army World Service Office (SAWSO) is to support and strengthen The Salvation Army’s efforts to work hand-in-hand with communities to improve the health, economic, and spiritual conditions of the poor throughout the world.

The in Salvation Army World Service Office Zimbabwe

The Salvation Army/Zimbabwe Territory is involved in a broad range of social services. In the education sector, the Army operates two secondary schools and two high schools. In the area of Health Care, the Army operates Howard Hospital and Tshelanyemba Hospital, as well as two Hospital Homes. The Territory also runs a girls hostel, a weaving and dressmaking school, and a men’s home.

SAWSO is providing support to The Salvation Army/Zimbabwe for the “Kids Club” component of the Masiye Camp for Orphans and Vulnerable Children. Masiye is a pioneer program providing psychosocial support for children affected by AIDS, located in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe, near Matopos National Park. Children are recruited from community-based orphan care programs, and attend a 10 day life skills camp. The camp provides coping skills, counseling, recreational activities, legal advice, and domestic education. This is especially important for the growing number of teenage heads of households. Part of the camp generates income through tourist accommodation and food services. The work of Masiye Camp is documented in a UNAIDS Best Practices publication on Psychosocial Support for Children affected by AIDS.

To ensure continuation of care after the children depart from these life skills camps, youth working as volunteers started follow-up support clubs called Masiye Kids Clubs in both urban and rural communities. These Clubs serve as support groups for children affected by AIDS and other children in the community. Masiye camp has trained over 60 youth as Kids Club group and assistant group leaders, building youth leadership capacity and increasing community care capacity. At present, 15 Clubs are up and running, reaching more than 1,000 kids. It is expected that a total of 20-25 clubs will be operational by the end of 2001. The Kids Clubs ensure that the “Masiye Experience” will not end when the child leaves the camp.

The Synergos Institute

US Contact
Andrea Rogers
Southern Africa Associate
The Synergos Institute
9 East 69th Street
New York, NY 10021
Tel: 212-517-4900 ext. 119
Fax: 212-517-4815
Email: sdupree@synergos.org

Introduction to The Synergos Institute

The Synergos Institute, founded in 1986, is a nonprofit organization based in New York that works with local partners around the world to fight poverty. Together, Synergos and partners build the local human, financial and social capital needed to create sustainable solutions to poverty. Together, they:

1) Strengthen the capacity and impact of local foundations that raise and direct resources for social investment

2) Prepare leaders from all sectors to bring diverse groups together to address complex problems using a new approach called "bridging leadership"

3) Provide committed philanthropists with opportunities to learn from each other and to invest in successful local initiatives to combat poverty.

The Syngergos Institute in Zimbabwe

Synergos increases financial and technical resources for community groups in Zimbabwe to overcome poverty by supporting the emergence of strong local grantmaking organizations. In particular, Synergos and The Community Foundation for the Western Region of Zimbabwe, a three-year-old community foundation in Bulawayo, are strengthening the foundation’s capacity to raise resources and pioneer effective grantmaking in its community. Since 1998, the foundation has disbursed about 40 grants and focused on four program areas: women's economic empowerment, youth development, rural agriculture and education. Assisting its community to overcome the HIV/AIDS epidemic is a priority running through the foundation’s four program areas. Synergos has also launched a leadership program that is producing case studies bridging leadership in Zimbabwe (and other Southern African countries).

This program is funded in part through grants from The McKnight Foundation, The Ford Foundation, The C.S. Mott Foundation and general support from individuals and corporations. The budget for Synergos’ Southern Africa programs in 2001 is approximately 450,000 USD.

US Fund for UNICEF

US Contact
Program and Donor Services
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
333 East 38th Street
New York, NY 10016
Tel: (212) 686-5522
Email: information@unicefusa.org

Zimbabwe Contact
UNICEF
PO Box 1250
Harare, Zimbabwe

Introduction to US Fund for UNICEF

The U.S. Fund for UNICEF works for the survival, protection and development of children worldwide through education, advocacy and fund-raising for UNICEF programs in over 160 developing countries and territories.

US Fund for UNICEF in Zimbabwe (UNICEF)

In response to the devastation of HIV/AIDS on children and their families in Zimbabwe, and to prevent further damage to future generations of children, UNICEF has modified its traditional program structure. Regular components such as basic health care, better nutrition, education, clean water and sanitation, and protection for children in difficult circumstances (orphans, children at risk of sexual exploitation, child laborers, etc.) have been integrated with HIV/AIDS programming to maximize the prevention and protection for children from HIV/AIDS.

Basic Health Care and Nutrition

The main objective is to reduce the rising mortality and morbidity among children and women, caused primarily by HIV/AIDS. The child health and nutrition project will work directly with community members to educate parents about prevention and working with families with infected children and parents for the early treatment of opportunistic diseases (such as TB and pneumonia). UNICEF aims to help reduce parent-to-child transmission of HIV and will seek to prevent infection among adolescents, particularly girls, through the promotion of health education, communication skills, and awareness of issues surrounding HIV/AIDS. Education and communication programming is critical due to the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS and the misinformation that youth receive from rumor and fear.

Other health care issues that UNICEF will continue to address include early childcare management, particularly aimed at children under age six. Special emphasis is currently being placed on reducing micronutrient deficiencies, including the high incidence of Vitamin A and iron deficiencies, which are major causes of blindness and low-birth-weight.

Water and Sanitation

Access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene education is essential to promoting healthy living. UNICEF will help to strengthen the skills of local authorities and communities in planning and monitoring hygiene, water and sanitation activities, including education and awareness of the dangers of unclean water and inadequate sanitation, and support delivery of clean water and sanitation at district and community levels.

Education

UNICEF is working on all educational levels: pre-school, formal, non-formal, community youth centers and organizations, to reduce the gender disparities and discrimination that have served to limit opportunities for girls in Zimbabwe. Lack of educational access and opportunity has been shown to be a major factor in the increase of HIV infection rates in young girls. The same is true for the general health and well being of children --- the greater education that a girl receives, the healthier her children will be in the future. UNICEF's education support also provides an arena for youth to learn life-skills needed in communities where many children are losing their parents to HIV/AIDS and must now accept the responsibility of being head of their household and caring for their siblings. Emphasis will be given to reaching deprived orphans, children with special learning needs and those living on commercial farms and in remote rural as well as peri-urban areas.

Rights-Based Programming

The main objective of this program is to support communities, civil society, and the Government in planning, advocating, and acting for the realization of children's and women's rights, with particular attention to those who are most at risk due to the impact of HIV/AIDS, the loss of family and/or exposure to abuse and exploitation. The stigma associated with HIV/AIDS often results in the loss of inheritance for orphans whose lost their parents to HIV/AIDS, and the lack of recognition of the rights of girls to equal opportunities to education, health care, and economic activities. This will also facilitate monitoring and reporting on the processes of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF will support awareness raising and the promotion of rights concepts with communities and local authorities.

UNICEF works with the GOZ, various Government ministries (such as Health and Sanitation), UNAIDS, UNFPA, and local NGOs including women’s groups and development agencies.

World Vision

US Contact
Heather Hughes
International Program Officer
Southern Africa Region
World Vision United States
PO Box 9716
Federal Way, WA 98063-9716
Tel: 253-815-2267
Email: hhughes@worldvision.org

Zimbabwe Contact
Rudo Kwaramba- National
Director
Knowledge Chikondo- Ministry Standards Director
Marko Ngwenya- Operations Director
World Vision Zimbabwe National Office
59 Joseph Road/Off Nursery Road
PO Box 3576
Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-301715
Fax: 263-4-301330
E-mail: rudo_kwaramba@wvi.org or ZimbabweHarare@wvi.org

Introduction to World Vision

World Vision is an international Christian relief and development organization working to promote the well being of all people -especially children. World Vision seeks to serve people who are poor worldwide, regardless of race, religion, or ethnic origin. Established in 1950 to care for orphans in Asia, World Vision has grown to embrace the larger issues of community development and advocacy for the poor in its mission to help children and their families build sustainable futures. Working on six continents, World Vision is one of the largest Christian relief and development organizations in the world.

The heart of World Vision's work is in helping communities build stronger and healthier relationships. The absence of such relationships impoverishes communities. World Vision’s focus is on children because they are the best indicator of a community's social health, and the hope of the future. When children are fed, sheltered, schooled, protected, valued, and loved a community thrives.

Building upon 50 years of experience, World Vision has traditionally targeted children and their communities through child sponsorship. However, World Vision is also involved in large-scale community development and grant funded projects such as child survival, water resource development, agricultural rehabilitation, natural resource management, education, vocational skills training, infrastructure rehabilitation, micro-enterprise development, HIV/AIDS initiatives and emergency relief. World Vision currently manages over 4,500 projects worldwide, with an annual operating budget surpassing 500 million USD.

World Vision in Zimbabwe

World Vision started its work in Zimbabwe in 1973, offering relief to Zimbabweans in holding camps and institutions. In the early 1990s, the World Vision Partnership adopted large-scale programs known as Area Development Programs (ADPs). The ADP approach brought a combination of factors that were favorable to a sustainable development process. Emphasis now, is on use of participatory approaches and ensuring sustainability. The geographic areas are larger than the previously designated “Community Development Projects”, are clearly defined, and supported by large budgets for ten to fifteen years. The majority of projects are located in marginalized communities, such as Hurungwe, Gokwe, Mudzi, and Chiredzi. However, two projects are set in informal, urban settlements near Harare.

Dzivarasekwa Urban Area Development Program

In 1991, with the visit of British Commonwealth leaders, including Queen Elizabeth II, people living on the streets and in illegal settlements were swept up from the streets and taken to Porta Farm -- they were told their length of stay would be three months. Ten years later they are still there.

Although the GOZ installed water pipes to the community, the pipes and taps have never been maintained. As the year 2000 commenced, these 4,000 people were sharing just four taps. Porta Farm has never really been recognized by the GOZ, so funding for education, health, and amenities is difficult to access. By providing networks for community leaders to access the GOZ and NGOs, World Vision has been supporting these communities in their fight for education and health care since 1991.

World Vision has decided to commit to the people of PortaFarm and another informal settlement, Dzivarasekwa for the next 15 years. The priorities are to continue building community leadership, ensure access to quality health care, ensure access to clean water and to improve the quality of education so that children enjoy learning.

Currently, World Vision Zimbabwe provides sponsorship assistance to approximately 40,000 children directly and 200,000 indirectly. It is projected that by 2005, the number of children benefiting will increase to 60,000 directly, and 300,000 indirectly. World Vision US is World Vision Zimbabwe's largest supporter. Of the 40,000 children currently in the sponsorship program, 13,300 are sponsored by private donors in the USA. World Vision US provides funding to four out of the existing 12 ADP projects.

World Vision obtains public and private funding sources from numerous governments and support offices around the world, with a total budget approximately 6 million USD.

Young Men’s Christian Association of the USA

US Contact
Thomas Valentine
Associate Director, International Group
101 N. Wacker Drive
Chicago, IL
Tel: 312-419-8130
Email: tom.valentine@ymca.net

Zimbabwe Contact
Rosemary Siyatechema
National General Secretary
PO Box 3865
Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel: 263-4-310102/310103
Email: ymca@africaonline.co.zw

Introduction to Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA)

YMCA’s overall mission is to build strong children, families, and communities.

Young Men’s Christian Association in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe, YMCA’s general objectives are comprehensive youth development focused on education, adolescent/family reproductive health, employment, career counseling, and rural development.

Adolescent Reproductive Health/Family Life Education

The YMCA works in Tanda and neighboring villages in Eastern Zimbabwe to improve the reproductive health knowledge and behavior of adolescents between the ages of ten and twenty. The youth are reached through comprehensive peer education programs and public events (theatre, music and dances) that teach youth about sexuality, STDs, HIV/AIDS, negotiating sexual relations, teen pregnancy and the use of contraceptives. The program also targets parents, teachers, religious leaders and community officials in order to promote a positive environment that enables young people to better understand, and consider sexual practices. This program, now in its second year, has already reached over 3,000 young people and hundreds of adults. The key results are:

1) Increased availability of information on adolescent reproductive health at youth centers, schools and churches

2) Increased access, use and social acceptability of contraceptives

3) Increased dialogue between youth and parents on sex

4) Improved confidence of young women to negotiate sexual behavior

5) Improved self-esteem of young people

6) Creation of adolescent reproductive health education programs in schools and churches

7) Improved access to medical services for STDs and teen pregnancy

The YMCA plans to expand the program next year in Harare and Bulawayo. The program is supported by the YMCA of England, the YMCA of the USA, the YMCA of Sweden, and PACT.

Vocational Training

The YMCA runs vocational training centers in Harare that teach young people marketable skills. The activities include computer training, carpentry, basket making, sewing, accounting and administrative management. The centers reach over 500 youths every year, the majority of whom are young women. The YMCA also assists with job placement and the creation of new businesses. The YMCA has helped several thousands of youth find jobs and open businesses over the past decade.

Youth Camps

The YMCA of Zimbabwe organizes international camps every year in the mountains of Eastern Zimbabwe. Several hundred youth from Zimbabwe, Africa, North America, and Europe attend the camp every year. The camp focuses on youth skills development and important issues such as adolescent reproductive health, cross-cultural understanding, peace and social justice and communication.

Rural Development

The YMCA manages a donkey draft power project in Greater Matabeleland and Bulawayo. The project focuses on improving food production through access for female farmers to donkey draft power for plowing. The project has improved the incomes of over 500 rural families by thirty percent over the past five years. The YMCA works with other local NGO consortiums as well as with PACT, YMCAs of USA, UK, Sweden and South Africa. The YMCA also works with various governmental ministries in Zimbabwe, especially those dealing with education and health. The YMCA programs in Zimbabwe receive funding from the UK government, YMCA partners in the USA, the Swedish YMCA and other local partners. The overall annual budget in Zimbabwe is approximately 250,000 USD with 10,000 beneficiaries and members.