Zimbabwe + 8 more

GDO Analytical Report: Drought in Southern Africa – January 2019


Executive summary

  • A large area in the southern part of African continent, around the Tropic of Capricorn, is experiencing a meteorological drought, mainly as a consequence of the ongoing El Niño.

  • This region has a strong precipitation seasonality, with most of the annual rainfall falling between November and March. A failure in the rainy season entails a year-long water deficit.

  • In general, in most affected areas, sowing stage was delayed and food security decreased sharply for most low-income rural households, which depend on rainfed crops, in particular in southern Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia, southern Mozambique and locally in Namibia. No issues were reported for the hydropower sector, although reservoir levels are generally decreasing across most countries.

  • Good and above average rainfall are expected in eastern South Africa and in western Zambia and neighboring regions between January and February, usually the wettest months of the year. Normal precipitation elsewhere.