Zimbabwe is experiencing a gradual shift from humanitarian crisis to recovery following political changes that positively affected socio-economic conditions. Following the economic downturn and political polarization that culminated in the protracted elections of 2008, an Inclusive Government was formed in February 2009. This development lead to greater cooperation between the international humanitarian community and the Government of Zimbabwe, improvement in the country's socio-economic and humanitarian situation, and improved humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.
However, any optimism should not distract from Zimbabwe's structural problems. In 2010, an estimated 6 million vulnerable people will continue to feel the impact of the erosion of basic services and livelihoods over the past years. Cholera re-emerged in October 2009. The outbreak in 2008/09 affected 55 out of the 62 districts, with 98,531 cases and 4,282 deaths. Despite improvements in food security, the country still faces a substantial national cereal deficit and an estimated 1.9 million people will need food assistance at the peak of the 2010 hunger season (January - March). The country has the fourth highest crude mortality rate in Africa. The HIV/AIDS prevalence rate is one of the highest in the world, despite a recent drop to 13.7%. Some 1.2 million people live with the virus, and 343,600 adults and 35,200 children under age 15 urgently need anti-retroviral treatment. Access to safe water and sanitation remains a major problem for millions of Zimbabweans. Child malnutrition is a significant challenge to child survival and development. Thirty-three percent of children under age 5 are chronically malnourished and 7% suffer from acute malnutrition. The education sector is characterised by severe shortages of essential supplies, high staff turnover and sporadic teachers' strikes. This particularly affects Zimbabwe's 1.6 million orphaned and vulnerable children, including more than 100,000 child-headed households.
Humanitarian assistance to IDPs, child protection issues, and prevention of and response to gender-based violence remain areas of concern, despite some positive development in the past year. The need to support 'humanitarian plus' or early recovery programmes is highlighted by the deterioration in existing infrastructure and loss of employment opportunities. This accelerates the country's brain drain, affects social capital and creates obstacles for meaningful and speedy economic revival. Emigration and the consequent remittances continue to be the main survival strategy for many families.
The Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) is a planning and resource mobilization tool primarily for emergency response. The CAP 2010 continues to be aligned with the priorities of the Government's Short-Term Economic Recovery Programme (STERP) and includes early recovery and "humanitarian plus" interventions. These activities are recovery in nature, but in the context of Zimbabwe are considered time-critical and life-saving, such as repairs to water and sanitation systems, and incentive payments to civil servants. Humanitarian partners have observed the international community's increased engagement on recovery and transition planning allowing for continued "humanitarian plus" activities into 2010.
Humanitarian partners in Zimbabwe have identified the following four major strategic objectives for 2010:
1. Save and prevent loss of lives by providing humanitarian assistance to vulnerable groups
2. Support the populations in acute distress and delivery of quality, essential basic services
3. Support the restoration of livelihoods and food security by preventing the depletion of productive household assets in crisis situation and supporting "humanitarian plus" and early recovery
4. Strengthen the capacity at the local level for coordinating and implementing essential recovery activities, incorporating disaster-risk reduction frameworks
To address the above-mentioned needs, US$378,457,331 is requested for 2010.. This request is made by 76 appealing agencies including United Nations agencies, inter-governmental organizations, international and national non-governmental organizations, and community and faith-based organizations.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of Requirements (grouped by Cluster)
Table II. Summary of Requirements (grouped by priority)
Table III. Summary of Requirements (grouped by appealing organization)
2. 2009 IN REVIEW
2.1 CHANGES IN THE CONTEXT
2.2 HUMANITARIAN ACHIEVEMENTS AND LESSONS LEARNED
3. NEEDS ANALYSIS
4. THE 2010 COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
4.2 STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND MONITORING FOR HUMANITARIAN ACTION IN 2010
4.3 CRITERIA FOR SELECTION AND PRIORITIZATION OF PROJECTS
4.4 CLUSTER/SECTOR RESPONSE PLANS
4.4.1 Technical Areas
184.108.40.206 Agriculture Cluster
220.127.116.11 Early Recovery
4.4.2 Multi-Sector Programmes
18.104.22.168 Cross-border Mobility and Irregular Migration
4.4.3 Coordination and Support Services
4.5 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM
6. STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
ANNEX I. LIST OF ASSESSMENTS CONDUCTED BY CLUSTERS/SECTORS IN 2009
ANNEX II. LIST OF PROJECTS
Table IV. Appeal projects grouped by cluster (with hyperlinks to open full project details)
Table V. Summary of requirements (grouped by IASC standard sector)
ANNEX III. THEMATIC MAPS (BY CLUSTER)
ANNEX IV. DONOR RESPONSE TO 2009 APPEAL
ANNEX V. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
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