Zimbabwe

COMMISSION DECISION of on the financing of emergency humanitarian actions in Zimbabwe from the general budget of the European Union (ECHO/ZWE/BUD/2010/01000)

Attachments

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No.1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid 1 , and in particular Articles 2 and 4 and Article 15(3) thereof;

Whereas:

(1) Progress has been noted since the Government of National Unity took office, yet the challenge of reversing economic and structural collapse still remains. The rehabilitation of the social and public health services and the restoration of the delivery of these services remains critical for building confidence in the transition ;

(2) It is necessary to consolidate the tentative gains made in the provision of primary health care and in epidemic surveillance, response and control capacity ;

(3) It is equally necessary to consolidate the reestablishment of safe water supply at district level, as a basis for the launching of comprehensive and sustainable long-term water and sanitation programmes, which are considered more appropriate to tackle the country's degraded water infrastructure ;

(4) Though food availability has improved, economic access to food remains problematic for the most vulnerable, particularly in a hard-currency economy ;

(5) To ensure the efficiency of aid in the present humanitarian context, coordination of humanitarian assistance, including an effective capacity to respond to population displacements, is essential;

(6) As the scale and complexity of the humanitarian crisis is such that it is likely to continue, it is necessary to adopt a Global Plan to provide a coherent framework for the implementation of humanitarian Actions;

(7) To reach populations in need, humanitarian aid should be channelled through Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and International Organisations including United Nations (UN) agencies. Therefore the European Commission should implement the budget by direct centralized management or by joint management;

(8) An assessment of the humanitarian situation leads to the conclusion that humanitarian aid Actions should be financed by the European Union for a period of 12 months;

(9) It is estimated that a total amount of EUR 15,000,000, of which EUR 12,000,000 from budget article 23 02 01 and EUR 3,000,000 from budget article 23 02 02 of the general budget of the European Union is necessary to provide humanitarian assistance to over 2,000,000 million vulnerable Zimbabweans, taking into account the available budget, other donors' contributions and other factors. Although as a general rule Actions funded by this Global Plan should be co-financed, the Authorising Officer, in accordance with Article 253 of the Implementing Rules of the Financial Regulation, may agree to the full financing of Actions;

(10) The present Decision constitutes a financing Decision within the meaning of Article 75 of the Financial Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/20022, Article 90 of the detailed rules for the implementation of the Financial Regulation determined by Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2342/20023, and Article 15 of the internal rules on the implementation of the general budget of the European Union4;

(11) In accordance with Article 17(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No.1257/96 of 20 June 1996, the Humanitarian Aid Committee gave a favourable opinion on 9 June 2010.