Zimbabwe + 3 more

Child rights barometer: Zimbabwe 2018: Measuring government efforts to protect girls and boys

Attachments

Foreword

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country situated in Southern Africa, which borders Mozambique to its east, South Africa to its south, Zambia to its north and Botswana to its west. Its population is around 13.1 million with 52 percent being female, 67 percent residing in rural areas and 48 percent being children. 4.5 million children live in rural areas, where they have limited access to social services and information. Those living in urban areas, however, are not immune. UNICEF further reported that around 72 percent of the population lives in consumption poverty, with 1.6 million children living in extreme poverty.

The Government of Zimbabwe has ratified most child rights instruments such as the United Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), the United Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children; Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OPSC); the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC); the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) and many other related child rights instruments. However it is important to note that the Government of Zimbabwe has not yet ratified the Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption. This convention is an international agreement to safeguard intercountry adoption and is relevant in the foster care process as it is evident that most adoptions begin as foster care cases.

The Child Rights Barometer (CRB) is designed to encourage regional cooperation, stimulate more robust implementation of the UNCRC, and serve as a policy analysis tool for civil society, governments and donors. It consists of 861 main indicators that together measure a state’s policy and actions to protect and care for girls and boys under their jurisdiction. The CRB framework of indicators heavily relies on the Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, published by UNICEF. The Handbook provides a series of yes, no and partially-implemented checklists to create an understanding of each UNCRC article’s significance. The CRB uses these checklists as core indicators to measure state performance.