IMPLEMENTATION OF 2ND AFRICAN VACCINATION WEEK IN ZIMBABE:22-28 APRIL 2012.
Zimbabwe Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) has been in operation for more than two decades during which it has registered a number of achievements in coverage and quality of service provision. With implementation of Reaching Every District (RED) strategies, intensified training and supportive supervision as promoted by Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS), Zimbabwe made notable progress in routine immunization coverage in the beginning of the last decade. Vaccine coverage improved from 28% in 1980 to over 90% in 1991. Diseases such as diphtheria and whooping cough virtually disappeared, and morbidity due to measles, tetanus and poliomyelitis was greatly reduced over the years. Although the last clinical case of poliomyelitis was detected in 1989, the risk of wild poliovirus importation from polio endemic countries cannot be overlooked. Figure 1 shows the trends in EPI coverage by antigen and the gains made to date. These gains can easily be eroded if current challenges in EPI are not addressed.