Zambia: Population movement - Emergency Plan of Action Operation (MDRZM010)

A. SITUATION ANALYSIS

Description of the disaster

The situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continued to deteriorate leading to a continuous streaming of refugees into Zambia. The influx continued to increase and since end of August 2017 - Zambia has been receiving new arrivals from the DRC, mainly from Pweto in Haute Katanga and Moba, in Tanganyika provinces. The main cause of Congolese refugees fleeing was conflict and violation of human rights in the DRC as Government soldiers fight militias that have sprung up in Eastern DRC. While most of the new arrivals entered through the Chiengi border area, some were also crossing into Zambia through other entry points, such as Nsumbu, Kaputa and Mpulungu as well as Kipushi and Kakoma, in North Western, Kasumbalesa and Sakania, in the Copperbelt province. Some went directly to Lusaka.

Refugees from Kaputa were relocated to Kenani Transit Centre in Nchelenge district although most of the refugees in Kenani Transit Centre were those that entered Zambia through Chienge Reception Centre.
On 26 September 2017, the IFRC launched a DREF operation for CHF 270,909 to support 1,400 households (7,000 people) through provision of immediate Shelter, Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH), and Health needs. On 27 November 2017, an Operation update was published, revising the operation budget downwards to CHF 267,300 following a reallocation of costs. In addition, following the reallocation of costs which enabled the operation to make savings, new activities were proposed, in addition to those planned in the initial EPoA.