Yemen + 5 more

Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, April 2016 [EN/AR]

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KEY FIGURES

2,755,916 Internally displace persons

267,874 Registered refugees as of 31 March

11,628 Registered asylum seekers as of 31 March

28,717 New arrivals to Yemen since the beginning of 2016

OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

Yemen is a historic transit hub for mixed migratory movements of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants from the Horn of Africa to the Arabian Peninsula and beyond.

Although Yemen is the poorest of the Gulf countries, it stands out in the region for its generosity towards refugees. It is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol.

More than a year into the conflict, the already precarious humanitarian situation has substantially deteriorated as a result of damage to civilian infrastructure and the disruption of what were already threadbare basic services. Some 21.2 million people (82% of the population) require some form of humanitarian or protection assistance.

There have been over 6,000 deaths and close to 30,000 injuries (civilian and military) as a result of the hostilities. Over 2.7 million Yemenis are now internally displaced while over 170,000 people have fled from Yemen to countries in the region. With ongoing conflict, loss of livelihoods and displacement has come a range of concerns for protection and basic needs for the displaced and the hosting communities across the country. More than half the population or 14.1 million people need protection and assistance, including 7.4 million children.

Basic services across the country are on the verge of collapse. Chronic drug shortages, unpaid salaries, and conflict related destruction means that around 14 million Yemenis do not have sufficient access to healthcare services. At least 7.6 million people are severely food insecure. More than 1.8 million children have been out of school since the escalation of conflict in mid-March 2015, bringing the total number of children out of school to more than 3.4 million when combined with pre-crisis figures. Over 1,600 schools remain closed due to insecurity, infrastructural damages or use as shelters by displaced people.