Yemen: Snapshot on Shipping, Food and Fuel Imports, May 2016

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Monthly food imports and price fluctuation
In May, wheat flour imports consisted of 58 % of the general food imports, with 289,509 mt imported.
On Average, wheat flour prices in May were 15% higher than pre-crisis level (137 YER/KG). The highest food prices have been observed in Ta’izz Governorate, where trade flows continue to be significantly reduced.*

Status of the vessels at ports per month
71 vessels berthed at ports of Al Hudaydah, Saleef, Aden, Nisthun and Mukalla, resulting in 24 % increase compared to 57 berths in April 2016.
Additionally, 110 new vessels were granted access to Port-anchorage, compared to 54 in April.
Humanitarian berths accounted for 7% of all berths in the Yemeni ports, with 5 vessels carrying food aid.
In addition, there are some organisations such as UNICEF and MSF that are using dhows to transport humanitarian cargo into ports which are not tracked under the vessels at ports, but are included in the ‘commodity imports’ under ‘Non food items’.

Monthly fuel imports vs fuel needs
May saw an increase of fuel imports, reaching 164,577 mt of fuel imported through the ports of Aden and Al Hudaydah. Despite the increase, only 30% of the estimated monthly fuel needs, currently estimated at 544,000 mt, were met. A lack of fuel was reported in the fuel stations of Sana’a, Al Hudaydah and Aden, which resulted in a substantial increase in fuel prices from mid-May. It was reported that fuel in Sana’a, Al Hudaydah and Aden is available only through the black market.

Average delays in entering ports (April – May 2016)
Significant delays are still experienced in all major ports in Yemen. Most of the delays are due to port congestion and reduced operational capacity. The number of days correspond to the average time that a vessel spends at anchor or at berth at each port. Saleef port has very limited infrastructure with a two berth capacity only, impeding rapid offloading times.