A total of USD 152.7 million* in financial requirements for the Yemen Situation, including USD 96.3 million in additional requirements, for the period April - December 2015:
- USD 14.7 million for Djibouti
- USD 4 million for Ethiopia
- USD 21.2 million for Somalia
- USD 0.6 million for Sudan
- USD 107.7 million for Yemen
- USD 4.6 million for Regional and global activities
- This total includes regional and global activities, and support costs (7%).
The situation in Yemen has deteriorated dramatically since fighting and violence intensified in late March 2015. Deepening insecurity and violence have taken a heavy toll on civilian lives and triggered large-scale displacement. By October 2015, more than 2.3 million people are internally displaced in Yemen and an estimated 21.1 million people - 80 per cent of the population – are in need of humanitarian protection or assistance.
In addition, prior to the crisis, there were more than 263,933 refugees, the majority from Somalia, hosted in Yemen, who also require continued protection and assistance. Somali refugees are currently living in precarious conditions either in Kharaz camp, the only refugee camp, or in urban areas. Though smaller in number, mixed flows of new arrivals have continued on the southern shores of Yemen in 2015.
Given the scope of the emergency and the deteriorating situation, the Humanitarian Country Team in Yemen revised the humanitarian needs set out in the first Inter-Agency Flash Appeal and launched the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP) in June. The requirements for the Protection, CCCM and Emergency Shelter/NFI clusters, led by UNHCR, have been reflected in the YHRP. The YHRP also includes a separate multi-sectoral Refugee and Migrant response plan, which consolidates the activities, beneficiaries and requirements targeting refugees and migrants in Yemen.
Alongside the internal displacement, Yemenis, refugees and migrants are fleeing the country in considerable numbers. By the end of August, more than 100,000 arrivals from Yemen had been reported in countries in the East and Horn of Africa, mainly in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan, as well as in the Gulf region. As the situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate, and based on recent trends, it is anticipated that movements to neighbouring countries such as Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and the Gulf States will continue at similar rates.
In order to address the needs of people fleeing Yemen in the region, and following a declaration of a Level 3 emergency in Yemen by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) on 1 July 2015, UNHCR appointed a Regional Refugee Coordinator for the Yemen crisis under the Refugee Coordination Model to harmonize the response in the region. UNHCR, together with IOM, launched an interagency Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RRMRP), which presents the requirements to provide protection and assistance to those fleeing Yemen in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan for October 2015 to December 2016.
This revised supplementary appeal presents UNHCR’s planned response to the emergency for the period from April to December 2015 (the original appeal issued on 12 June 2015 presented needs up to the end of September 2015 only). It covers the needs of IDPs and all affected populations, including refugees and asylum-seekers in Yemen, as well as the needs of Yemeni refugees in the East and Horn of Africa and the Middle East and North Africa.