Yemen: Mission Report - Post Distribution Monitoring in Raida and Kharif districts, Amran Governorate
This report details the findings of a one day mission to Kharif and Raidah districts in Amran Governorate. A post distribution monitoring exercise was carried out in three spontaneous settlements - two in Raidah district and one in Kharif district. There are about 195 families living in these temporary settlements (140HHs in Raida and 55HHs in kharif). This post distribution monitoring exercise was limited to two districts because of the difficult security situation. In 2015, UNHCR through its implementing partner YRC covered Khamir, Amran City, Raydah, Karif and Huth districts with the distribution of emergency shelter kits and served 1,040 HHs in total.
The main objective of this exercise was to assess the impact of the assistance on the beneficiaries who were provided with emergency shelter kits in Raida and Karif districts to ensure that emergency shelter items are up to the standards and get the beneficiaries views and opinions for possible improvement on the content of the kit. A second objective was to gain more insights into the general situation in the settlements and to record protection concerns of IDPs in these settlements.
The quantitative and qualitative component of the exercise primarily involved conducting a survey among households of IDPs at the spontaneous settlements through structured face-to-face interviews (see annex I for the questionnaire) as well unstructured through focus group discussion with the beneficiaries. The exercise was focused to verify the actual use of items provided, the quality of items, how useful they were, the preferable items to be used as a kit in the emergency shelter program and recommendation for the way forward for improvement.
The exercise showed that majority of beneficiaries interviewed expressed their unsatisfaction of the emergency shelter items distributed due to the bad quality of items received.
- 64% of beneficiaries indicated that Wooden Plates and Wooden Poles were the only items that were very useful.
- 79-71% of beneficiaries indicated that boxes of nails, pickaxes and saws were not useful.
- They highlighted the needs for plywood, NFIs, lights, additional plastic sheeting for privacy and sanitation due to the availability of only on sanitation facility for both male and female.
- 86% of the beneficiaries confirmed that they were not consulted on which items they would prefer to receive.
- 93% of the beneficiaries confirmed that they were not informed about the kit components prior to the distribution.
- None of the beneficiaries were informed about eligibility criteria.
- Some of the beneficiaries recommended applying measures to ensure that people with special needs are given a priority during the distribution.
- A number of families faced challenges after the distribution where they could not afford to pay for the cost of transportation.
Based on the discussions with beneficiaries interviewed, safety and security, food, health, education, protection, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter and non-food items, livelihood and possibility of return to area of origins are major concerns. Indeed, it was observed that sanitation facilities are very limited. In each settlement only one sanitation facility was available for both males and females with no gender separation. IDPs have did not have regular access to food for 6 months. Children, elderly persons and mothers, persons with chronic medical situations are suffering due to lack of food. Access to water is causing conflict with the host community as IDPs are no longer receiving water trucks and are having to share distribution points with the host community.
It was indicated by the IDPs that they do not feel safe due to the repeated physical and verbally threats emanating from the host community. The IDPs also reported that they could not afford to have access to the basic services.
IDPs stated that there are frequent threats from the host community and owner of lands or shops to leave their property. They also complained that the accommodation lack the desired level of privacy and was not large enough to accommodate the big number of families members. The IDPs who are living in Kharif spontaneous settlements also reported the looting of their Emergency Shelter Kits by the landlord who evicted the families from his land under the threat of gunfire. It is recommended to cover the families who did not receive the emergency shelter assistance in these settlements.
There are more than 40 chronic medical cases, 20 elder persons and 10 persons with disabilities in these settlements and they have limited access to health care services. It is also reported that there are 15 separated minors in the settlements.
The lack of available health services is a major issue raised by the IDPs as chronic illnesses cases such as heart disease, diabetes, blood pressure, etc. are in urgent need of medical follow up and particularly provision of medicine. Two elderly females and four children recently passed away due to lack of medicine and other basic services. It was also observed that a number of the IDPs are residing close to garbage piles which exposes them to health risks. IDP households are unable to sustain their families due to deteriorating economic conditions and the shortage of earning opportunities. Many women and children are seeking a small income by begging in streets and collecting leftover bread from host community and the garbage piles.