Food insecurity and malnutrition in Yemen have deteriorated further in 2022 compared to 2021, driven mainly by the consequences of the protracted conflict.
Approximately 2.2 million children aged 6 to 59 months are projected to suffer from acute malnutrition over the course of the year, including 538,000 facing severe acute malnutrition. An additional 1.3 million cases of pregnant and lactating women are also projected over the year. At the same time, a total of 17.4 million people or 54 percent of the population faced high acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 and above) from January to May 2022, with 31,000 people classified in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe), 5.6 million (18 percent) in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) and 11.7 million people (37 percent) in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis). Between June and December 2022, the number of people likely to experience high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) is estimated to increase to 19 million (60 percent of the total population). Out of these, 11.7 million people are estimated to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), 7.1 million in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), and the number of those in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) will likely increase to 161,000.
The area-level classification is also expected to deteriorate dramatically in the projection period for both acute food insecurity and acute malnutrition. A significant number of districts are expected to move to higher IPC Phases as humanitarian food assistance levels are expected to decrease substantially, and food prices will continue on an upward trajectory. Similarly, conflict is expected to continue and escalate in certain areas, per the assumptions laid out for Jun-Dec 2022. During the projection period, 86 districts were classified in high acute food insecurity, of which 82 shifted from IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) to IPC AFI Phase 4 (Emergency). Overall, during the current analysis, the 151 districts classified in IPC AFI Phase 4 (Emergency) increased to 233 districts in the projection period. Similarly, for acute malnutrition, 70 districts’ classification shifts from IPC AMN Phase 3 (Serious) to IPC AMN Phase 4 (Critical), making up 108 districts, and 66 districts move from Alert (IPC Phase 2) to Serious (IPC Phase 3), making up 193 districts, while two districts in Hajjah governorate were not classified due to inadequate information.
The most vulnerable districts are in Hajjah and Al Hudaydah, where food insecurity and acute malnutrition converge to extremely high levels. For acute malnutrition, the WHZ score in these governorates, a measure of wasting for children under five years, ranges from 17 percent to 26 percent, well above the 15 percent WHO emergency threshold, while for acute food insecurity, these two governorates have the highest prevalence with over 65 percent of the population in IPC Phase 3 and above in the current and reaching over 70 percent in the projection.