Yemen

Yemen: Internal displacement in Yemen increases six-fold in one year [EN/AR]

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This report is produced by Yemen Shelter / CCCM Cluster in collaboration with humanitarian partners and incorporates figures taken from the Task Force on Population Movement 8th report (April 2016).

Highlights – April 2016

  • 82 % of the population in need of humanitarian assistance

  • IN EXCESS OF 10% of the population (2.7 M) forced to flee their homes – 6-fold spike in internal displacement in Yemen in just one year.

  • IDPs are particularly at risk of severe or acute malnutrition, disease and human rights violations given their vulnerable economic, safety, shelter and health living conditions.

  • 1 million IDPs currently residing with friends and family are at risk of further displacement and increased needs as host communities’ resources and coping mechanisms are depleted.

  • The Shelter/CCCM Cluster stands ready with over 30 partners to scale up the response to identified needs.

  • Funding is urgently needed or IDPs and host communities will face additional hardship and the collective capacity to cope will be further eroded to the point where further displacement is likely.

Situation Overview

One year into the conflict in Yemen, life for the people of Yemen has been characterised by uncertainty, forced displacement and a need for protection and humanitarian assistance. Living conditions in Yemen were already hard with major underdevelopment, financial crisis, poverty and gender inequality but, over the past year, the escalation in airstrikes, clashes on the ground and a de facto blockade on food, fuel and medicine imports have had a devastating impact on the population. The UN estimates that 82% of the population, or 21.2 million people, are in need of protection or humanitarian assistance.

More than 2.7 million people remain internally displaced. They fled violence, leaving behind their homes, belongings, economic opportunities and community support systems. IDPs have depleted their assets and incurred mounting debt, while living in cramped, difficult conditions, often with limited access to services and uncertainty about how long they can stay where they are. While 1 million IDPs are residing with host families or are otherwise supported by host communities, the collective capacity to cope is quickly eroding as family and friends struggle to support larger households. In some areas of Yemen, particularly where conflict has been ongoing and intense (such as Taizz, Al Jawf, or Marib), households have faced multiple displacements and have had to keep on finding new shelter alternatives.