• The Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview indicates 24 million Yemenis will need some form of humanitarian assistance in 2019.
• Scale-up of the humanitarian operation in 2018 saved millions of lives.
• 2019 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan released - humanitarian partners aim to assist over 21.4 million people this year.
• Weekly trend of suspected cholera cases remains stable at the country level.
THE HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IN YEMEN REMAINS THE WORST IN THE WORLD
The recently released 2019 Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) indicates that four years into the crisis, conflict and severe economic decline are driving the country to the brink of famine and exacerbating needs in all sectors. Eighty per cent of the population, 24 million people, will need some form of humanitarian or protection assistance in 2019, including 14.3 million people in acute need. Twothirds of all districts across the country are pre-famine and one-third face a convergence of multiple acute vulnerabilities.
Overall, the number of people in acute need has increased by a staggering 27 per cent. Millions of Yemenis are now hungrier, sicker and more vulnerable than a year ago and greater numbers rely on humanitarian assistance, which is a lifeline for vast swathes of the population.
A comparison with data from the 2018 HNO indicates that across all sectors, humanitarian needs have both increased and deepened. The caseload of people in acute need has significantly increased across all cluster areas with the highest increases in education (up by 32 per cent); health (up by 49 per cent); shelter and non-food items (NFIs – up by 73 per cent). The Nutrition Cluster represents the only exception where the caseload of people in acute need decreased by 2 per cent.
The 2019 HNO analysis is informed by needs analysis conducted at both the cluster and inter-cluster level. In 2018, significant efforts were made to expand primary data collection and enhance evidence-based needs analysis to inform the Yemen response. Consequently, in addition to cluster-specific assessments such as Famine Risk Monitoring (FRM), a WASH household assessment, Health Resources Availability Monitoring System (HeRAMS) and SMART surveys, and a nationwide Multi-Cluster Location Assessment (MCLA) were conducted to better understand the scale and scope of humanitarian needs.
As more granular information is required to better understand the specific needs of vulnerable groups, more frequent and enhanced needs assessments are planned for 2019.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.