Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 8 - 14 May 2018 | Issue 15 [EN/AR]
• Health Cluster partners finalise cholera preparedness plans as rains could trigger another epidemic.
• The total number of households displaced by conflict to areas accessible by the Aden Hub has significantly increased to 15,600.
• A humanitarian organisation suspends activities inside Taizz City due to security concerns.
• April was the deadliest month for civilians in Yemen according to the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
• WHO has delivered over seven metric tonnes of cancer and chemotherapy medications to the National Oncology Centre in Sana’a.
CHOLERA PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
In anticipation that the April-August rainy season could trigger another cholera epidemic in Yemen, Health Cluster partners have prioritised their preparedness and response plan. The newly developed plan builds on lessons learnt from the last cholera epidemic when more than one million suspected cholera cases and 2,282 associated deaths were reported between April 2017 and May 2018. While the outbreak has largely stabilised, almost 150 out of 305 affected districts are continuing to report suspected cases. On the other hand, some 158 districts have not reported a suspected case for three consecutive weeks. Since the start of the current outbreak, Health Cluster partners have reached about 10 million people through various interventions.
On 6 May, WHO commenced an oral cholera vaccine campaign, initially targeting 350,000 people in four districts of Aden Governorate. A fifth district will be included for a total target population of more than 450,000 people.
Cholera is endemic in Yemen, but recent outbreaks have been fuelled by the conflict; the virtual collapse of healthcare services; inadequate water and sanitation; food insecurity and malnutrition; behavioural practices; and poverty. More than half of all districts remain at risk of another outbreak. The three-phase preparedness integrated operational plan highlights a range of activities including risk assessments, awareness-raising, strengthening laboratory resources and prepositioning medical and water treatment supplies. It prioritises 100 high-risk districts, which have a population of 9.8 million people.