Yemen: Humanitarian Snapshot (12 November 2015)
Over 21 million people, out of the 26 million in Yemen, are in need of some form of humanitarian and protection assistance. All parties to the conflict are failing in their responsibility under international humanitarian law to protect civilians from harm. Restrictions on commercial imports into Yemen have caused basic services and the economy to all but collapse. The dire situation has been compounded by two cyclones that hit Yemen in November 2015 harshly affecting Socotra Island and the south Yemen coastline. Despite the conflict, insecurity, and storm damage to supply routes, humanitarian response and assessments are on-going where access allows.
PEOPLE IN NEED BY GOVERNORATE
Conflict and commercial import restrictions have exacerbated chronic vulnerabilities in all sectors with 2.3 million displaced. Since March, WHO reports 5,723 killed and 26,969 injured and OHCHR has verified 8,875 human rights violations – an average of 43 violations per day. Over 14 million people lack access to adequate healthcare and close to 14.5 million are food insecure. Some 19.3 million people require access to safe water and sanitation, and at least 1.3 million children are malnourished, 320,000 of which severely. An estimated 2.8 million people require shelter and NFIs.
IMPACT OF CYCLONES MEGH AND CHAPALA
Two rare cyclones hit the remote island of Socotra and then moved to Yemen’s south coast from 1-12 November. Almost 1000 homes were destroyed, almost 47,000 people displaced, and essential infrastructure was severely damaged. Gulf countries and humanitarian agencies are responding with food, distributions of blankets mattresses and shelter materials, water and medical supplies.
OPERATIONAL PRESENCE BY GOVERNORATE
Deepening humanitarian needs has resulted in more humanitarian partners working in Yemen. Eighty five humanitarian cluster partners now have on-going projects throughout the country. This includes 45 national non governmental organizations (NNGOs), 33 international NGOs and seven UN entities. The largest number of partners operate in Aden, Taizz and Amanat Al Asimah, where from 79 to 100 per cent of the population requires life saving assistance.