Food Security Situation continues worsening due to the escalation of the conflict, high price of food commodities and depreciation of the Yemeni Rial despite the above average rainfall in all governorates, which offers good prospects of agricultural production!
The food insecurity situation has further worsened since the last IPC analysis conducted in June 2016. More than half (51%) of the population (14 million Yemenis) are food insecure either in crisis (Phase 3) or Emergency (Phase 4) according to Yemen June 2016 IPC analysis results.
The ongoing conflict is worsening food security situation by dwindling employment opportunities, deteriorating the economy and exchange rate of Yemeni Rial against the US dollar. In the past 4 months, Yemeni Rial exchange dropped from 250 YR/USD (official exchange rate) up to 300YR/USD in the parallel market.
Despite above average rainfall reported in nearly all governorates since June 2016, prospects of good agricultural production is not as expected due to the escalation of conflicts in August 2016 affecting especially cereal growing areas of Taiz, Sa’ada and Sanaa rural Governorates.
The agriculture production performance in 2016 is expected to be similar to the 2015. Local cereal production estimates of 2015 as compared to the good year of 2012 production season have decreased around by 50%. Similarly, when compared to 2014 production season has decreased by 30 - 35% (MAI Statistics).
Nearly 3 million people (74% children under 5 and 26% pregnant and lactating women) require humanitarian nutrition assistance. Almost 1.3 million children are acutely malnourished.
Prices of imported food commodities - Wheat, Wheat flour, Sugar and Rice have remained stable; however, prices remained very high above pre - crisis levels by 25.7%, 21.6%, 46.2%, and 48.4% respectively. The trend is similar to locally produced foods commodities - Sorghum, Millet, Maize, and Barley with September prices higher than pre-crisis by 58.2%, 51.7%, 63.8%, and 69.2% respectively