Yemen Floods - DHA-Geneva Situation Report No 6, 4 July 1996

Report
from UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 04 Jul 1996
Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0184
IMPACT

1. ALTHOUGH THE ASSESSMENT STILL CONTINUES, THE FOLLOWING DAMAGE ESTIMATES HAVE BEEN CONFIRMED BY THE GOVERNMENT:

  • AFFECTED POPULATION: 124,000
  • DEATHS: 324
  • MISSING: 108
  • HOMELESS FAMILIES: 3,770
  • DESTROYED HOUSES: 1,803
  • AGRICULTURAL LAND: 40,000 TO 45,000 HECTARES OF TOP SOIL LOSSES
  • LIVESTOCK MISSING: OVER 13,000
  • FRUIT TREES: OVER 37,000
  • WATER PUMPS: 1,357
  • WATER PROJECTS: 28
  • GENERATORS: 34
  • ROADS: 1,068 KM
  • BRIDGES: 21
  • HEALTH CENTRES: 32
  • SCHOOLS: 38.
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

2. THE GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES CONTINUE DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF ITEMS, DRUGS AND FOOD IN ALL AFFECTED AREAS. LOCAL AUTHORITIES HAVE STARTED THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER PUMPS AND GENERATORS. EMERGENCY ROAD REPAIR OF THE MAIN TARMAC AND RURAL ROADS IS IN PROGRESS.

3. THE COORDINATING BODY WITHIN THE GOVERNMENT IS THE NEWLY ESTABLISHED DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE IN THE MINISTRY OF PLANNING. IT WORKS IN CLOSE COOPERATION WITH THE ON-SITE OPERATIONS COORDINATION CENTRE (OSOCC) AT THE UNDP OFFICE IN SANA'A. THE OSOCC IS CONTINUING ITS EFFORTS TO ENSURE EFFICIENT AND TIMELY USE OF DONOR CONTRIBUTIONS. IT HAS DEVELOPED PROJECT PLANS FOR 22 EMERGENCY OPERATIONS, SOME OF WHICH ARE BEING IMPLEMENTED BY UNDP AND NGOS, OTHERS ARE UNDER NEGOTIATION WITH RESPONSIBLE GOVERNORATES AND PRIVATE CONTRACTORS. THE OSOCC ALSO ARRANGES LOGISTICAL SUPPORT FOR TRANSPORT AND STORAGE OF INCOMING RELIEF SHIPMENTS IN SANA'A IN COOPERATION WITH THE GOVERNMENTAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.

4. SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNTS OF RELIEF ITEMS, DRUGS AND FOOD ARE STILL BEING DELIVERED TO ALL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTS OF THE COUNTRY BY THE DONOR COMMUNITY AND ARE DISTRIBUTED BY THE GOVERNMENT, THE YEMENI RED CRESCENT SOCIETY, UN AGENCIES AND NGOS, UNDER THE OVERALL COORDINATION OF THE GOVERNMENTAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE AND THE OSOCC.

5. THE NGOS CARE INTERNATIONAL AND OXFAM ARE CARRYING OUT WATER TANKER OPERATIONS AND RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN SHABWA. UNDP IS CONTRACTING PRIVATE COMPANIES FOR DELIVERY OF PUMPS AND GENERATORS TO MAREB AND SHABWA AS WELL AS DE-SILTING OF IRRIGATION CHANNELS IN HADRAMAUT. THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN ATAQ/SHABWA AND MAIFA/HADRAMAUT WILL ALSO BE FINANCED WITH DONOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS.

6. TWO EXPERTS PROVIDED BY THE SWISS DISASTER RELIEF UNIT THROUGH DHA ARRIVED IN SANA'A ON 3 JULY TO STRENGTHEN THE OSSOC AND PROVIDE TECHNICAL INPUTS FOR EMERGENCY REPAIR AND INITIAL REHABILITATION OF ROADS, BRIDGES AS WELL AS POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS. THREE WATER ENGINEERING EXPERTS MADE AVAILABLE BY THE GERMAN TECHNICAL SUPPORT SERVICE ALSO ARRIVED IN SANA'A ON 3 JULY.

REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE DURING THE EMERGENCY PHASE

7. AS A RESULT OF THE WORK OF THE DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE AND THE OSOCC, A MORE COMPLETE OVERVIEW OF ONGOING OPERATIONS AND OUTSTANDING NEEDS IS NOW AVAILABLE. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT FUNDS ALREADY PLEDGED BY THE INTERNATIONAL DONOR COMMUNITY, FURTHER CASH CONTRIBUTIONS ARE URGENTLY REQUIRED TO MEET THE SHORTFALL FOR

  • RENTAL OF WATER TRUCKS
  • RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS (DRILLING OF WELLS, CONNECTING PIPEWORK, WATER TOWERS, WATER TANKS)
  • PURCHASE OF WATER PUMPS ON THE LOCAL MARKET
  • PURCHASE OF GABIONS TO RE-ESTABLISH EMBANKMENTS FOR PROTECTION OF VILLAGES AND FARMLAND FROM FURTHER DAMAGE IN THE UPCOMING WET SEASON (JULY TO SEPTEMBER)
  • URGENT ROAD REPAIR (TARMAC AND RURAL).
THE ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF CASH CONTRIBUTIONS REQUIRED IS USD 3,000,000.

8. THERE IS STILL AN URGENT NEED FOR IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS IN TERMS OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES, GENERAL RELIEF ITEMS (FOOD, BLANKETS), TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT (WATER PUMPS, POWER GENERATORS, ETC.), AND BUILDING MATERIAL (GABIONS AND BINDING WIRE, ISOLATION SHEETING, WATER PIPES). DONORS CONSIDERING IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS ARE KINDLY REQUESTED TO CONFER WITH DHA.

REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR RECONSTRUCTION

9. THE MAGNITUDE OF DEVASTATION TO YEMEN'S INFRASTRUCTURE AND NATURAL ASSETS BECOMES INCREASINGLY EVIDENT AS DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS ARE EVALUATED AND CONTINUOUSLY UPDATED. UNDP AND DHA WOULD LIKE TO DRAW THE ATTENTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO THE DESTRUCTIVE IMPACT OF THE FLOODS ON AGRICULTURAL LAND AND INFRASTRUCTURE AND TO THE NEEDS FOR REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THE DISASTER-STRUCK REGIONS. IT IS CURRENTLY ESTIMATED THAT A TOTAL AMOUNT OF USD 1.2 BILLION WILL BE REQUIRED FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND IN ORDER TO PROTECT THE COUNTRY FROM FURTHER DEVASTATION WHICH COULD BE CAUSED BY EVEN AVERAGE RAINFALL IN THE UPCOMING RAINY SEASON.

10. THE LOSS OF 40-45,000 HECTARES OF TOP SOIL (IN CERTAIN AREAS UP TO 7 M) WHICH HAS BEEN RECLAIMED OVER DECADES AND, IN SOME AREAS, OVER CENTURIES, HAS DISPLACED MANY TRIBES FROM THEIR ANCESTRAL LANDS, LEADING TO A UNIQUE KIND OF DISPLACEMENT. 151 WATER SYSTEMS HAVE DISAPPEARED, LEAVING THE ENTIRE SHABWA GOVERNORATE WITH ALMOST NO WATER SUPPLY AT ALL. 25 KM OF IRRIGATION CANALS WERE FILLED WITH SAND OR DESTROYED AND 470 KM OF TARMAC ROAD SEVERELY AFFECTED, RESULTING IN THE COLLAPSE OF MAJOR CONCRETE BRIDGES. DAMAGE TO RURAL ACCESS ROADS IS STILL UNDER ASSESSMENT. POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS WERE WIDELY AFFECTED AND TRANSMISSION LINES AND POLES WASHED AWAY IN THE THOUSANDS. IN MANY AREAS, THE PROTECTING EMBANKMENTS OF VILLAGES AND FARMLAND HAVE BEEN ERASED BY THE FLOODS. THE RECONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, DAMS, EMBANKMENTS AND WATER AS WELL AS ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SYSTEMS ARE A HIGH PRIORITY NEED DURING THE REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION PHASE.

CONTRIBUTIONS AND PLEDGES

11. CONTRIBUTIONS ANNOUNCED TO DHA SINCE SITREP 5 OF 28 JUNE 1996 ARE LISTED BELOW.

DONOR DESCRIPTION VALUE IN USD
CANADA CASH THROUGH UN SYSTEM 15,000
FRANCE CASH THROUGH UNDP 19,000
GERMANY DM 30,000 THROUGH EMBASSY
DM 25,000 THROUGH NGO
JOHANNITER-UNFALL-HILFE
FOR AIRLIFT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES
19,607
16,333
SPAIN IN-KIND CONTRIBUTION OF FOOD, MEDICAL SUPPLIES, COOKING UTENSILS WATER TANKS, SHELTER, INCLUDING TRANSPORT 39,000
UNITED KINGDOM PDS 50,000 THROUGH DHA FOR TECHNICAL ADVISORY SERVICES AND RUNNING COSTS OF OSOCC 77,000
ARAB SECRETARIAT CASH THROUGH IFRC 10,000
CARE INTERNATIONAL CASH FOR SHABWA WATER PROJECT 17,500
OXFAM WATER SYSTEM EQUIPMENT, WATER ENGINEER FOR 1 MONTH 70,000
RC OF UNITED ARAB EMIRATES CASH THROUGH IFRC 15,000

12. DHA IS PREPARED TO SERVE AS A CHANNEL FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO BE USED DURING THE IMMEDIATE RELIEF PHASE. FUNDS ARE SPENT IN COORDINATION WITH RELEVANT ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UN SYSTEM, AND DHA PROVIDES DONOR GOVERNMENTS WITH WRITTEN CONFIRMATION ON UTILIZATION OF FUNDS CONTRIBUTED.

13. FUNDS SHOULD BE TRANSFERRED TO DHA ACCOUNT NO. CO.590.160.1 AT SWISS BANK CORPORATION, CASE POSTALE 2770, CH-1211 GENEVA 2, WITH REFERENCE: YEMEN - FLOODS, DHA GENEVA.

14. FOR COORDINATION PURPOSES, DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM DHA GENEVA, AS INDICATED BELOW, OF BILATERAL RELIEF MISSIONS/PLEDGES/CONTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR CORRESPONDING VALUE BY ITEM.

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DPR 310 ROY'96 (1)