Yemen – Conflict, Cholera (DG ECHO, UN, NGO, FEWSNET, Media) (ECHO Daily Flash of 5 January 2018)
Yemen remains the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. Approximately 22.2 million people require humanitarian assistance – over 75 per cent of the population – out of which approximately 8 million people are at risk of famine.
While recent improvements in access for commercial goods have been reported in the last days, supplies of essential goods such as food, fuel and medicines into Yemen remain insufficient. Given the restrictions of access imposed since 6 November 2017, stocks have diminished and prices have increased, resulting in larger segments of population unable to access basic goods. Even in the absence of additional disruptions, populations may begin to move into famine phase as worst affected households exhaust their coping capacity, according to FEWSNET.
Intense fighting and attacks on civilians continue. Over 16-26 December, at least 109 civilians were reportedly killed in airstrikes carried out by the international military coalition led by Saudi Arabia. On 1 January, 23 people were killed in an airstrike near a market in Hodeida city.
Cholera epidemic infection rate decreases while reaching over one million (1 019 044) suspected cases and 2 237 associated deaths by 31 December 2017. Shortages in fuel due to access restrictions hamper water and sewage operations in most urban areas, increasing risks of renewed epidemic outbreaks.